ABAQUS Analysis User's Manual 1

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Abaqus Analysis Users Manual Volume l Abaqus version 6.6 ID: Printed on. Legal Notices CAUTION: This documentation is intended for qualified users who will excrcise sound cnginccring judgment and cxpcrtisc in the use of the Abaqus oftware. The a baqus Software is inherently complex, and the examples and procedures in this documentation are not intended to be exhaustive or to apply to any particular situation. Users are cautioned to satisfy themselves as to the accuracy and results of their analyses Dassault Systemes and its subsidiaries, including Dassault Systemes Simulia Corp, shall not be responsible for the accuracy or usefulness of any analysis performed using the abaqus Software or the procedures, examples, or explanations in this documentation. Dassault Systemes and its subsidiaries shall not be responsible for the consequences of any errors or omissions that may appear in this documentation The abaqus Software is available only under license from Dassault Systemes or its subsidiary and may be used or reproduced only in accordance with the terms of such license. This documentation is subject to the terms and conditions of either the software license agreement signed by the parties, or, absent such an agreement, the then current software license agreement to which the documentation relates. This documentation and the software described in this documentation are subject to change without prior notice No part of this documentation may be reproduced or distributcd in any form without prior written permission of Dassault Systcmcs or its subsidiary The Abaqus Software is a product of Dassault Systemes Simulia Corp, Providence, RI, USA O Dassault Systemes, 2010 Abaqus, the 3 DS logo, SIMULIA, CATIA, and Unified FEa are trademarks or registered trademarks of Dassault Systemes or its subsidiaries in the United Other company,product,and service names may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners. For additional information concerning trademarks, copyrights, and licenses, see the Legal Notices in the Abaqus 6.10 Release Notes and the notices at http:/www.simulia.com/products/productslegal.htm Abaqus version 6.6 ID: Printed on. Locations SIMULIA Worldwide Headquarters Rising Sun Mills, 166 Valley Street, Providence, RI 02909-2499, Tel: +1 401 2764400 Fax114012764408,simulia.support@3ds.comhttp://www.simulia.com SIMULIA European Headquarters Gaetano Martinolaan 95, P.O. Box 1637, 6201 BP Maastricht, The Netherlands, Tel: +31 43 356 6906, Fax:+31433566908,simulia.europe.infola3ds.com Technical Support Centers United State FremontCa,Tel:-15107945891,simulia.west.supporti@3ds.com WestLafayetteIn,tel:+l7654971373,simulia.central.support(a3ds.com NorthvilleMi,Tel:+12483494669,simulia.greatlakes.info(@3ds.com WoodburyMn,Tcl:+16124249044,simulia.certralsupport@3ds.com BeachwoodOh,Tel:+12163781070,simulia.erie.info(@3ds.com WestChesteroh,tel:+15132751430,simulia.centralsupport(a3ds.com Warwick,ri,Tel:+14017393637,simulia.east.suppor@3ds.com Lewisvillc,Tx,Tel:+19722216500,simulia.south.info@3ds.com RichmondVic,Tel:+61394212900,simulia.au.supporti@3ds.com Austria ViennaTel:+43122707200.simulia.atinfo(a3ds.com Be enelux Huizen,TheNetherlandsTel:+31355258424,simulia.beneluxsupport@3ds.com Toronto,On,Tcl:+14164022219,simulia.grcatlakes.info(@3ds.com China Beijing,P.r.ChinaTel:+861065362288,simulia.cn.support(@3cs.com ShanghaiP.r.China,Tel:+862138568000,simulia.cn.support@3cs.com Czech Slovak Republ Synerma s r O, Psary, Prague-West, Tel: +420 603 145 769, abaqus(asynermaCa finland VantaaTel:1358467122247,simulia.nordicinfo(@3ds.com france VelizyVillacoublayCedex,Tel:+33161627272,simulia.fr:support@3ds.com AachenTel:+49241474010,simulia.de.info(@3ds.com Munich.Tel:+498954348770simuliade,info@3ds.com Greece 3 Dimensional Data Systems, Crete, Tel: +50 2821040012, support@dds gr ChennaiTamilNaduteL:+914443443000,simulia.ininfo(@3ds.com ADCOM Givataim. Tel:+97237325311 shmulik keidargadcomsimcoil Lainatemi,Tel:+390239211211,simulia.ity.info(a3ds.com Japar Tokyo,Tel:+81354426300,simulia.Tokyosupport@3ds.com Osaka,Tcl:+81648035020,simulia.osaka.support(@3ds.com Yokohama-shi,KanagawaTel:+81454709381,isightjp.info(@3ds.com Korea Mapo-gu,SeoulTel:+8227856707/8,simulia.kr.info(a3ds.com Latin america PuertoMaderoBuenosAiresTel:+541143128700,hoRacio.Burbridge(@3ds.com Mala leyparsoNsadVancedAnalysis,KualaLumpur,Tel:+60320399000,abaqusmy@worlcyparsons.com New Zealand Matrix Applied Computing Ltd, Auckland, Tel: +649 623 1223, abaqus-tech@matrixconz Poland BudSoft Sp. z o.o., Poznan, Tel: +4861 8508 466, info@budsoft com pl Russia, belarus Ukraine TesIsLtd.,MoscowTel:+74956124422,info@tesis.com.ru Scandinavia Vasteras,SwedenTel:14621150870,simulia.nordic.info(@3ds.com Si WorleyparscnsAdvancedAnalysis,SingaporeTel:+6567358444.abaqussg(@worleyparsons.com South africa Finite Element Analysis Services(Pty)Ltd. Parklands, Tel: +2721 556 6462, feas(@feas.coza Spain portugal Principia Ingenieros Consultores, S.A., Madrid, Tel: +3491 2091482, simulia(principia.es Taiwan SimutechSolutionCorporationsTaipei,r.o.c.,teL:+886225079550,lucille(@simutech.com.tw WorleyParsonsAdvancedAnalysis,sIngapore,Tel:+6567358444.abaqussg(@worleyparsons.com Turkey A-Ztech Ltd.. Istanbul. Tel-90216 361 8850 info(a-ztech comtr United Kingdom WarringtonTel:+441925830900,simulia.uk.info(a3ds.com SevenoaksTel:+441732834930,simulia.uk.info@3ds.com Completecontactinformationisavailableathttp:/www.simulia.com/locations/locations.html Abaqus version 6.6 ID Printed on Preface This section lists various resources that are available for help with using Abaqus Unified FEA software Support Both technical engineering support (for problems with creating a model or performing an analysis) and systems support(for installation, licensing, and hardware-related problems) for Abaqus are offered through a network of local support offices. Regional contact information is listed in the front of each Abaqus manual andisaccessiblefromtheLocationspageatwww.simulia.com SIMULIA Online Support System The SIMULIA Online Support System(SoSs) provides a knowledge database of SIMULIA Answers. The SIMULIA Answers are solutions to questions that we have had to answer or guidelines on how to use Abaqus, SIMULIA SLM, ISight, and other SIMULia products. You can also submit new requests for support in the SOSS. All support incidents are tracked in the SOsS. If you are contacting us by means outside the Soss to discuss an existing support problem and you know the incident number, please mention it so that we can consult the database to see what the latest action has been TousethesossyouneedtoregisterwiththesystemVisittheMySupportpageatwww.simulia.com to register Many questions about Abaqus can also be answered by visiting the Products page and the Support pageatwww.simulla.com Anonymous ftp site To facilitate data transfer with SIMULIA, an anonymous ftp account is available on the computer ftpsimulia.com.Loginasuseranonymousandtypeyoure-mailaddressasyourpasswordContactsupport before placing files on the site Training All offices and representatives offer regularly scheduled public training classes. We also provide training seminars at customer sites. All training classes and seminars include workshops to provide as much practical experience with Abaqus as possible. For a schedule and descriptions of available classes, see www.simulia.comorcallyourlocalofficeorrepresentative Feedback We welcome any suggestions for improvements to abaqus software, the support program, or documentation We will ensure that any enhancement requests you make are considered for future releases. If you wish to makeasuggestionabouttheserviceorproductsrefertowww.simulia.com.Complaintsshouldbeaddressed bycontactingyourlocalofficeorthroughwww.simulia.combyvisitingtheQualityAssurancesectionof the Support page Abaqus version 6.6 ID Printed on Abaqus version 6.6 In Printed on CONTENTS Contents Volume l PART INTRODUCTION, SPATIAL MODELING, AND EXECUTION Introduction Introduction: general 1.1.1 Abaqus syntax and conventions Input syntax rules 1.2.1 Conventions Abaqus model definition Defining a model in Abaqus 3.1 Parametric modeling Parametric input 1.4.1 2. Spatial Modeling Node definition Node definition 2.1.1 Parametric shape variation 2.1 Nodal thicknesses 2.1.3 normal definitions at nodes 2.1.4 Transformed coordinate systems 2.1 Element definition Element definition 2.2.1 Element foundations 2.2.2 Defining reinforcement 2.2.3 Defining rebar as an element property 2.24 Orientations 2.25 Surface definition Surfaces: overview 2.3.1 Element-based surface definition 2.3.2 Node-based surface definition 2.3.3 Analytical rigid surface definition 2.3.4 Eulerian surface definition 2.3.5 2.3.6 Abaqus ID: usb-toc Printed on: Wed march 17--12: 18: 26 2010 CONTENTS Rigid body definition Rigid body definition 2.4.1 Integrated output section definition Integrated output section definition 2.5.1 Nonstructural mass definition Nonstructural mass definition 2.6.1 Distribution definition Distribution definition 2.7.1 Display body definition Display body definition 2.8.1 Assembly definition Defining an assembly 2.9.1 Matrix definition Defining matrices 2.10.1 3. Job execution Execution procedures: overview Execution procedure for Abaqus: overview 3.1.1 Execution procedures Obtaining information 3.2.1 Abaqus/Standard, Abaqus/Explicit, and a baqus/CFD execution 3.2.2 abaqus/Cae execution 3.2.3 Abaqus/Viewer execution 3.2.4 Python execution 3.2.5 Parametric studies 3.2.6 Abaqus HTML documentation 3.2.7 Licensing utilities 3.2.8 ASCII translation of results(fil)files 3.29 Joining results( fil) files 3.2.10 Querying the keyword/problem database 3.2.11 Fetching sample input files 3.2.12 Making user-defined executables and subroutines 3.2.13 nput file and output database upgrade utility 3.2.14 Generating output database reports 3.2.15 Joining output database( odb)files from restarted analyses 3.2.16 Combining output from substructures 3.2.17 Combining data from multiple output databases 3.2.18 Abaqus id: usb-toc Printed on: Wed march 17--12: 18: 26 2010 CONTENTS Network output database file connector 3.2.19 fixed format conversion utility 3.2.20 Translating Nastran bulk data files to abaqus input files 3.2.21 Translating abaqus files to Nastran bulk data files 3.2.22 Translating ANSYS input files to Abaqus input files 3.2.23 Translating PAM-CRASH input files to partial Abaqus input files 3.2.24 Translating RADIOSS input files to partial Abaqus input files 3.2.25 Translating A baqus output database files to Nastran Output2 results files 3.2.26 Exchanging abaqus data with ZAERO 3.2.27 Encrypting and decrypting abaqus input data 3.2.28 Job execution control 3.2.29 Environment file settings Using the Abaqus environment settings 3.3.1 Managing memory and disk resources Managing memory and disk use in Abaqus 3.4.1 Parallel execution Parallel execution: overview 3.5.1 Parallel execution in Abaqus/Standard 3.5.2 Parallel execution in Abaqus/Explicit 3.5.3 Parallel execution in AbaquS/CFD 3.54 File extension definitions File extensions used by abaqus 3.6 FORTRAN unit numbers FORTRAN unit numbers used by abaqus 3.7.1 PART I OUTPUT 4. Output Output 4.1.l Output to the data and results files 4.1.2 Output to the output database 4.1.3 Output variables Abaqus/Standard output variable identifiers 4.2.1 Abaqus/Explicit output variable identifiers 4.2.2 Abaqus/CFD output variable identifiers 4.2.3 Abaqus ID: usb-toc Printed on: Wed march 17--12: 18: 26 2010

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