Network Protocols Handbook 2nd

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Javvin 网络协议手册 第2版(2005版),内附关系图
Table of contents Table of contents Network Communication Architecture and protocols ●自●●鲁●@●●鲁●鲁●e自鲁●●鲁●@@@鲁@自●● OSI Network Architecture 7 Layers Modeleeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeoeoeeeeoe..2 TCP/IP Four Layers Architecture Model Other network architecture models:| BM SNA············7 Network protocols: Definition and overview·········9 Protoco| Is Guide··········11 TCP∥ P Protocols b●。e鲁b@。。e。看鲁。e●@。。。。 Application Layer Protocols.oee.eoeeeeeoeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoe 13 BOOTP: Bootstrap Protocol..eeeeeeeeoseeeooeooo 13 DCAP: Data Link Switching Client Access Protocoleeeeeeeeeeeoeooee.ee. 14 DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.oeeeeoeeseeeeeeeeeeooeeeoeeeeeseoeeseooe 15 DNS: Domain Name System(Service) Protocol.oeoseooeeoeeooeeeeeeeooeooeooeooeoooe 16 FTP. File transfer Protocol....os. 17 Finger: User Information Protocol e 19 Http: Hypertext Transfer Protocole p20 S-http:SecureHypertextTransferProtocolomooeoseooesoseoeooesewoeseneosoneooo21 IMAP IMAP4: Internet Message Access Protocol (version 4 )eoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoe 22 IRCP: Internet Relay Chat Protocoleeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeoeeeeeeeoeed 24 LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol(version 3) .eeoeeoeeoeeoeeeeeeeeoeeooe25 MIME (S-MIME): Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions and Secure MIMEooe 26 NAT Network Address translation e NNTP: Network news transfer protocol··28 NTP: Network time protocol.······· POP and POP3: Post Office Protocol (version 3) oeooeeeoooeeoeooeo0eoeoeeoe0eeooe 31 Rlogin: Remote Login in UNIX Systems eeeeseeeeseeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeooeoeeeeoeeeoee32 RMON: Remote Monitoring MIBS(RMON1 and RMON2 .eeoeeooeeooeeoeeooeeseeooe 33 Table of contents SLP: Service location protocol SMTP: Simple Mail transfer Protocol eeeeee eeeepeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 36 SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocoleeeeeeeeeoeed 37 SNMPv1: Simple Network Management Protocol version one.eeeosee 38 SNMPV2: Simple Network Management Protocol version two.eeeeseeeeeooeeeeeoo 40 SNMPV3: Simple Network Management Protocol version threeeeeseeeeeeeeeoeeee 42 SNTP: Simple Network Time Protocol eeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeoeesee44 TELNET: Terminal Emulation Protocol of ·46 TFTP: Trivial file transfer protocol.ee ·●··47 URL: Uniform resource locator.·····48 Whois(and RWhois) Remote Directory Access Protocoleoeeeeseeeoseeeooeeeoeeeooe49 X Window/X Protocol: X Window System Protocol.eeeeeeoeeeeeoseeoeseeeeeeeeoeeooee50 Presentation Layer Protocols.eeoeeeeeaeeeeee ·51 LPP: Lignhtweight Presentation Protocoleeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeo5 Session Layer Protocols. eeeeeeseeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeee 52 RPC: Remote Procedure call Protocol aaeaaaeaaaaeaasaaaeeaaaaeaeaaeeeaaeaaeaeaeeaeeee52 Transport Layer Protocols.se 54 ITOT: ISo Transport Service on top of TCP.eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeaeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeee 54 RDP: Reliable data RUDP: Reliable User Datagram Protocol(Reliable UDP).oeooeooeeooeooee..57 TALl: Tekelec's Transport Adapter Layer Interface..eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 58 TCP: Transmission Control protocol. 59 UDP: User Datagram Protocolo 61 Van Jacobson Compressed TcP Protocol.eeeeeeeeeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeoeeeeee. 62 Network Layer Protocols..oeeeeoeeeeeeeegeeeoeoeeeeeeeaeeeeoeeeeeooeooeeeeeeeeeoeoe63 Routing Protocols. eeeeeeoooeeoeeeeeeeeeeoeoeoeoeeeeeeeoeeoee.eeeo..63 BGP(BGP-4): Border Gateway Protocoleeeeeooo 63 Table of contents EGP: EXterior Gateway Protocoloeeoeeeeeeeeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeoeeeeoeoeeoeoeeeooe 64 P: Intemet Protocol(IPv4).eoeeoeeeeseeeeeeeeoseeeeeeeeeeeeooeeeeeeeeoeeeeseeoeeoeooeeoeeo 65 Pv6: Internet protocol version6·· 67 ICMP ICMPv6: Internet Message Control Protocol and ICMP version 6. 68 IRDP: ICMP Router Discovery Protocoloeoeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee69 Mobile IP: IP Mobility Support Protocol for IPv4&IPv6eeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 70 NARP: NBMA Address resolution protocol NHRP: Next Hop Resolution Protocoleeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeoeooe 73 OSPF: Open Shortest Path Firest Protocol (version 2 oeeeeoeeeeeoeeeeseeeeeeeoee.74 RIP: Routing Information Protocol (RIP2)e.eeeeeeeoeseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeee75 RIPng: Routing Information Protocol next generation for IPv6eeeeepeeeeeeeoeeoeeoo76 RsVP: Resource reservation protocol.········77 VRRP: Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 78 Multicasting Protocolseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeee79 BGMP: Border Gateway Multicast Protocol.seeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseseeeeeeeeeeeeeee79 DVMRP: Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol-eeeeeeeeeeseaeeaeeeaeee..80 IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocole.a a81 MARS: Multicast Address Resolution Servereeaaeaaaaseeeaeaaaaeaeaaeeaseeaaeaeeasaeaee82 MBGP: Multiprotocol MOSPF: Multicast extensions to MSDP: Multicast Source Discovery Protocole.eeoseooeeoee-eeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeseoo87 MZAP: Multicast-Scope Zone Anncuncement Protocol 88 PGM: Pragmatic General Multicast Protocolo.eeeoeeeseoeeeooeooeeeeeeeoee. 89 PIM-DM: Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense Mode. eeeeeeeeeeee.90 PIM-SM: Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode eeeeeeoeoeeoeeeeeese.eo. 1 MPLS Protocols 命92 MPLS: Multiprotocol Label Switching.eeeeeeoeooe 92 Table of contents CR-LDP: Constraint-based LDP:Labe| Distribution protoco|····95 RSVP-TE. Resource reservation protocol traffic extension.ee,.. 96 Data Link Layer Protocols.oseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 97 ARP and InarP: Address resolution protocol and inverse arP...se.ee.97 IPCP and Pv6CP: P Control protocol and iPv6 control protocol.eee.....eee. 98 RARP: Reverse Address resolution protocol . SL|P: Serial line p··100 Network Security Technologies and Protocols……………101 AAA Protocols···················103 Kerberos Network authentication protocol RAD|US: Remote authentication dial in User service······104 ssH: Secure shell Protocols|·················105 Tunneling Protocolseeoeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeoe 106 L2F: Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol-eaaaeeeeaeeaeeeeeeeeeaeeeeaseeseaeeaeeeeeeeeee 106 L2TP: Layer 2 Tunneling PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling protocol eseeeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeaaeeeeeeeeeeeeee 109 Secured Routing Protocols.eeee.eoe oeooeeeeeeeee......eedoo.. 110 DiffServ: Differentiated service GRE: Generic Routing Encapsulationeeeeeeeeee..eeeeeeeeee. 111 IPSec: Security Architecture for IP,eoo 112 PSec AH:| Psec Authentication header··113 Psec ESP: IPsec Encapsulating Security Payload-eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeese 114 Psec IKE: Internet Key Exchange Protocoleoeooooeoeeeoeeoeoeeoeooeoooeoseoooeo 115 IPsec ISAKMP: Internet Security Association and Key management Protocol. 116 TLS: Transprot Layer Security Protocoleeeeo s17 Table of contents Other Security Protocols.oeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 118 SOCKSv5: Protocol for Sessions Traversal Across Firewall Securely.eeoseeeeeee 118 Voice over ip and voip protocols.ooooo 119 Signalling.·....·····121 H323:VO| P Protocols····1 225.0: Vall signalling protocols and media stream packetization for packet based multimedia communication systems.e H 235: Security and encryption for H-series(H 323 and other H. 245-based mu| Itimediateminals· 。e●。@。●D看 @@ 125 H.245: Control protocol for multimedia communication·····126 Megaco/H 248: Media Gateway Control Protocol.eeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 127 MGCP: Media Gateway Control Protocoleeeeeeeseeoeeeeeeoeeeeoeeeeoeseeoeeeeeoeeeeee 128 RTSP: Real-Time Streaming Protocoleeeoeeeeeoeee SAP: Session announcement Protocols····131 SDP: Session Description Protocoleeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeea.. 132 S|P: Session initiation protocol.·············133 SCCP(Skinny): Cisco Skinny Client Control Protocoleoeeseeoeeeeeeseeseeoeeoeeeeee 135 T120: Multipoint Data Conferencing and Real Time Communication Protocols ·········0·0·········137 Media/ CODEC·139 G 7XX: Audio(voice)Compression Protocols.eseeeeeae. H 261: Video Coding and Decoding(CODEC)-eeeseeaeeeaeeeeaeeeaeeeeaeee 141 H 263: Video Coding and Decoding(CODEC ).ooeeoeoseooeeeooeeseeeeeeeeoeeoee 142 RTP: Real-Time Transport Protocol.e.. oeoeeeooeeeseoeeeeoeeeeeoseeee. 144 RTcP: RTP Control protoco……·145 Other protocols. 146 Table of contents COPs: Common Open policy service······146 SCTP: Stream Control transmission protocol TRIP: Telephony Routing over IP.eeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeoeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 148 Wide area network and Wan protocols.soseeeseoeesosooseoesooseoeesoseoeeoeeeoeooeooo 149 ATM Protocols·······151 ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Reference Modeleeeeseeeeseeeeseeeeeeeoeeeeeee 151 ATM Layer: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Layeroeeeeseeeeeeeoeooeeeeseooeeeeeeeoeoo 152 AAL ATM Adaptation Layer(AALO, AAL2, AAL3/4, AAL5)ooeoeeoeeeoeeeseeeeees 153 ATM UNI: ATM Signaling User-to-Network Interfaceeoeeeeeeeeeseeoeseeseeeeseeseeee 156 LANE NN|: ATM LAN Emulation nn·······158 LANE UN|: ATM LAN Emulation un|·········160 MPOA:Mu|ti- Protocol over atm········ ATM PNNI: ATM Private Network-toNetwork Interface.eseeeeseeeesseeeeee..... 164 Q 2931: ATM Signaling for B-ISDNoeeeeeeseseeeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeseeeeseeeeeseeeeeesee 165 SONET/SDH: Synchronous Optical Network and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy 167 Broadband Access protocols…· 169 BISDN: Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network(Broadband ISDN).169 SDN: Integrated services Digital Network………………170 LAP-D: SDN Link Access Protocol-Channel Q 931: ISDN Network Layer Protocol for Signaling.o. 174 DOCSIS: Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification eeee-eeeeeeeeeooeoee 175 XDSL: Digital Subscriber Line Technologies(DSL, IDSL, ADsl, HDsL, SDsl VDSL, G Lite).eoeeseeoeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeoeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeoeoeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeooeeoee 176 PPP Protocols··177 PPP: Point-to- Point protocols····· e···177 BAP: PPP Bandwidth Allocation Protocol(BAP).oeeeeeeeesoeeeeeeeoseeeeeeeeeeeeeee 178 Table of contents BACP: PPP Banwidth Allocation Control Protocol(BACP).ooeoeoeeeeeeeeoeoeooee 178 BCP: PPP Briding Control Protocoleeeeeeoeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeoeeeee 179 EAP: PPP Extensible authentication protocol CHAP: Challenge Handshake Authentication protocoleeeeeeeeeeseeeee 181 LCP: PPP Link Control protocol MPPP: MultiLink Point to Point Protocol (MultiPPPyoeoeeoeeeeeoeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeoee 183 PPP NCP: Point to point protocol network control protocols······184 PAP: Password authentication protocol PPPOA: PPP over ATM PPPOE: PPP over ethernet·······187 Other wan protocols················188 Frame Relay: WAN Protocol for Internetworking eeeeeoeeeeseoeeseeoeseeeeeeeeeeeeoee 188 LAPF: Link access procedure for frame mode services·····190 HDLC: High Level Data Link Controleeeeeesaeeeeeeeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeesaeeeeeeeeeaeeee 191 LAPB: Link Access Procedure X 25: So/TU-T Protocol for Wan communications eaeaesaeseeaeaaaaeaeeeeaeaesee193 Local area network and lan Protocols eeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeee 195 Ethernet Protocols eeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee Ethernet:EEE802.3Loca| Area network protocol…··196 Fast Ethernet: 100Mbps Ethernet(IEEE 802.3u oe.ee.see.oeeeoeeoeoooeeeoee198 Gigabit(1000 Mbps)Ethernet: IEEE 802.3Z(1000Base-X)and 802.3ab(1000 Base-T) and gB|G…6199 0 Gigabit ethernet: The ethernet Protocol ieEE 802.3ae for LAN, Wan and MAN…························ 201 Virtual lan Protocols···········。······。·······203 VLAN: Virtual Local Area Network and the iEEE IEEE 802. 1P: LAN Layer 2 QoS/Cos Protocol for Traffic Prioritization eeeaeeeo 205 VIll Table of contents GARP: Generic Attribute Registration Protocoleeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeoeeeooseeoeeeeeeeeeoee 207 GMRP: GARP Multicast Registration Protocoleeeeseeeeeeooeoeeeeoeneeeeeeeoeeeeee 208 GVRP: GARP VLAN Registration Protocoleeeeeeeeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeee..eee.209 Wilress lan protoco|s●················66·6·210 WLAN: Wireless lan by IEEE 802.11 Protocols.eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseee...ee 210 IEEE 802. 1X: EAP over LAN(EAPOL) for LAN/WLAN Authentication and Key Management e eeeaeeeeaeeeeeesee ae.eeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeaeeeaeeeaeseee 212 IEEE 802.15 and Bluetooth: WPAN Communicationseaaaeaa a214 Other Protocols…命215 FDDI Fiber distributed data interface Token Ring: IEEE 802.5 LAN Protocol.oeee.eeeee eeeeeeeooeooeeoeeee-oeeeo.216 LLC: Logic Link Control (IEEE 802. 2)oo 217 SNAP: SubNetwork Access protocoloo 218 STP: Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802. 1D).eeeeeeooeeeeoeeseoo..219 Metropolitan Area Network and man Protocol eoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeaeeooeeeeo 221 DQDB: Distributed Queue Dual Bus(Defined in IEEE 802.6).o.... 222 SMDS: Switched Multimegabit Data Service.. 223 IEEE 802. 16: Broadband Wireless MaN Standard (WiMAX)oooeooooooooeooe 225 Storage Area Network and sAN Protocolsoeooeoeo. 226 FC fcP: fibre channel and fibre channel protocol eeseeeeseeeeseeeeeee..ee 228 FCIP: Fibre channel over TCP/IP.e 229 iFCP: Internet fibre channel protocol iSCSI: Internet Small Computer System Interface(SCSI)oeooeeeeoseeseeeoeeeeeoee 233 SNS and isNSP: Internet Storage Name Service and isNS Protocoleeeeseoee 23 NDMP: Network Data Management Protocoleeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeoeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 236 SCSI: Small Computer System Interface.eeeeeeeeeeseeeeoeeeeoeeeee 238

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