IEC 60068-1-2013完整版

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CSDN目前唯一资源。IEC 60068-1-2013 Environmental testing –Part 1: General and guidance
EC Ec60068-1 5835巴838 Edition 7.0 2013-10 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALE Environmental testing Part 1: General and guidance Essais d'environnement Partie 1: Generalites et lignes directrices 巴3g3890232886383858892N8392号虫8 INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE PRICE CODE CODE PFⅨ cs19040 sBN9782832211106 Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor. Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agree. 8 8 Registered trademark of the international Electrotechnical Commission Marque depose de la Commission Electotechnioue Inte -2 60068-1@|Ec:2013 CONTENTS 5835巴838 FOREWORD. ............t.........3 INTRODUCTION.......m........5 1 Scope.1111111111 2 Normative references.................................... 8 3 Terms and definitions .................................................................8 4 Standard atmospheric conditions.....................-.11 3g→3卫 4. 1 Standard reference atmosphere. ....................................................................11 4.2 Standard atmospheres for referee measurements and tests……,,…,…12 4.3 Standard atmospheric conditions for measurements and tests ...............................12 4. 4 Recovery 4. 4.1 General. ............t..m.....13 44.2 Controlled recovery conditions.……....……13 4.4.3 Recovery procedure 14 4.5 Standard conditions for assisted drying. 5 Use of test methods..........................................14 25835235 6 Climatic sequence 14 7 Component climatic category. …15 8 Application of tests......................... 15 9 Significance of the numerical value of a quantity.. 15 83s 9. 1 General.m.m.m.m.m....15 9.2 Quantity expressed as nominal value with tolerance..................,...15 9.3 Quantity expressed as a range of values...........................,....16 Annex A(normative) Component climatic category..,.......... 18 Annex B( informative) General guidance………...19 Annex C(informative) Environmental test tailoring................ 25 Bibliography…… 31 Figure C. 1-Environmental test tailoring process............. 26 Table 1- Standard atmospheres for referee measurements and tests. ............,....................12 Table2- Standard atmospheres for measurements and tests……,,…… 13 Table 3-Standard conditions for assisted drying 14 Table B. 1-Choice of tests as a function of objectives and applications. ..............................21 Table B. 2-General sequence of tests Table B. 3-Principal effects of single environmental Table C, 1- Test tailoring process with information flow and the corresponding activities.a.. 27 ≤ 60068-1@|Ec:2013 3 INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION 5835巴838 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING Part 1: General and guidance FOREWORD 1) The International Electrotechnical Commission(IEC)is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising g→6383 all national electrotechnical committees (EC National Committees). The object of lEC is to promote international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides(hereafter referred to as IEC Publication(s)"). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees: any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work, International, governmental and non governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation, IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for Standardization (Iso) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations 2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all interested IEC National Committees IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National 55晚o3p05 Committees in that sense, While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEc Publications is accurate, lEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any misinterpretation by any end user. 4)In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in →9883os the latter 5)IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity assessment services and, in some areas, access to lEC marks of conformity, IEc is not responsible for any services carried out by independent certification bodies 6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication 7) No liability shall attach to IEC directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and members of its technical comm e and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this lEC Publication or any other IEC Publications 8 Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is indispensable for the correct application of this publication 9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights, IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard lEC 60068-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 104: Environmental conditions. classification and methods of test This seventh edition cancels and replaces the sixth edition, published in 1988, and constitutes a technical revision The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below: updated normative reference list indication of normative and informative annexes new informative Annex C, Environmental test tailoring ≤ 4 60068-1@|Ec:2013 The text of this standard is based on the following documents: FDIS Report on voting 104/618FD|s 104/627/RvD Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on voting indicated in the above table This publication has been drafted in accordance with the Iso/IEC Directives, Part 2 A list of all the parts in the IEC 60068 series, published under the general title Environmental testing, can be found on the IEC website This standard should be used in conjunction with the relevant specification which will define the tests to be used, the required degree of severity for each of them, their order(if relevant), and the permissible performance limits The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until thestabilitydateindicatedontheIecwebsiteunder"http://webstore.iecchinthedata related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be reconfirmed withdrawn replaced by a revised edition, or amended 8-9-83855889zNN8#g382动要 8 60068-1@|Ec:2013 5 INTRODUCTION The lEC 60068 series contains fundamental information on environmental testing procedures and severities of tests. In addition, this Part 1 contains information on atmospheric conditions for measurement and testing It is intended to be used in those cases where a relevant specification for a certain type of product (electrical, electromechanical or electronic equipment and devices, their subassemblies and constituent parts and components), hereinafter referred to as the specimen", is to be prepared, so as to achieve uniformity and reproducibility in the environmental testing of this product NOTE 1 Although primarily intended for electrotechnical products. many of the environmental testing procedures in Part 2 of this series are equally applicable to other industrial products The expression " environmental conditioning "or"environmental testing"covers the natural and artificial environments to which specimens may be subjected and exposed to in practice so that an assessment can be made of their performance under conditions of storage, transportation, installation and use The requirements for the performance of specimens subjected to environmental conditioning are not covered by this standard. The relevant specification for the specimen under test defines the allowed performance limits during and after environmental testing When drafting a relevant specification or purchasing contract, only those tests should be specified that are necessary for the relevant specimen, taking into account the technical and economic aspects. The IEC 60068 series consists of a) this first part, IEC 60068-1- General and guidance, which deals with generalities; b) the second part, IEC 60068-2- Tests- which publishes particular tests separately for different applications: 9-838s688gzNN8 c) the third part, lEC 60068-3- Supporting documentation and guidance, which deals with background information on a family of tests. The families of tests comprising Part 2 of the IEC 60068 series are designated by the following upper-case letters: A: Cold B: Dry heat C: Damp heat (steady-state D: Damp heat(cyclic) E: Impact (for example shock and rough handling shocks F: Vibration G: Acceleration(steady state H: (Awaiting allocation) NOTE 2 Originally allotted to storage tests J: Mould growth K: Corrosive atmospheres(for example salt mist) L: Dust and sand M: Air pressure(high or low) N: Change of temperature ≤ 6 60068-1@|Ec:2013 -83回 P:(Awaiting allocation) NOTE 3 Originally allotted to "flammability Q: Sealing(including panel sealing, container sealing and protection against ingress and leakage of fluid) R: Water (for example rain, dripping water) S: Radiation(for example solar, but excluding electromagnetic) T: Soldering(including resistance to heat from soldering) 3g→6383卫 U: Robustness of terminations (of components V: (Awaiting allocation) NoTE 4 Originally allocated to acoustic noise"but "vibration, acoustically induced" will now be Test Fg one of the "vibration"family of tests. W:(Awaiting allocation Y: (Awaiting allocation The letter x is used as a prefix together with a second lower-case letter providing for 383m556-02502858 extension of the list of families of tests, e.g. Test Xa: Immersion in cleaning solvents. The letter Z is used to denote combined tests and composite tests as follows: Z is followed by a solidus (slash) and a group of lower-case letters relating to the combined or composite stresses, for example Test Z/am: Combined cold and low air pressure tests If appropriate, a test may be designated as "primarily intended for components" or "primarily intended for equipment 83s To provide for future expansion within a family of tests and to maintain consistency of presentation, each family of tests may be subdivided. The subdivisions are identified by the addition of a(lower-case) second letter, for example: U: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices Test Ua: Subdivided as Test Ua,: Tensile; and Test Ua2: Thrust Test Ub: Bending Test Uc: Torsion Test Ud: Torque This subdivision is made even though only one test is published and no further tests are immediately contemplated in the relevant family In order to avoid confusion with numbers. the letters i.l. o and o are not used ≤ 60068-1@|Ec:2013 7 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING Part 1: General and guidance 1 Scope 983885mg6382E9 The IEC 60068 series includes a series of methods for environmental testing along with their appropriate severities, and prescribes various atmospheric conditions for measurements and tests designed to assess the ability of specimens to perform under expected conditions of transportation, storage and all aspects of operational use Although primarily intended for electrotechnical products, this standard is not restricted to them and may be used in other fields where desired Other methods of environmental testing, specific to the individual types of specimen, may be included in the relevant specifications, 258g5 The framework of environmental test tailoring process is given in order to assist the production of test specifications with appropriate tests and test severities. The IEC 60068 series provides a series of uniform and reproducible environmental, climatic, dynamic and combined tests, performed and measured under standard atmospheric →9883os conditions, for those preparing specifications and those engaged in the testing of products These test methods are based upon available international engineering experience and judgement and are primarily designed to provide information on the following properties of specimens a)the ability to operate within specified limits of temperature, pressure, humidity, mechanical stress or other environmental conditions and combinations of these conditions; o8a88zN# b) the ability to withstand conditions of transportation, storage and installation NoTE 1 The lEC 60721 series provides a system for classification of environmental conditions and gives relevant definitions The tests in this standard permit the comparison of the performance of sample products, to assess the quality or useful life of a given production lot, the test methods should be applied in accordance with a suitable sampling plan and may be supplemented by appropriate additional tests, if necessary. NoTE 2 ISo defines "quality"as the degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfils requirements. NOTE 3 "Useful life": under given conditions, the time interval beginning at a given instant of time, and ending when the failure intensity becomes unacceptable or when the item is considered unrepairable as a result of a fault To provide tests appropriate to the different intensities of an environmental condition, some of the test procedures have a number of degrees of severity. These different degrees of severity are obtained by varying the time, temperature, air pressure or some other determining factor, separately or in combination. As the tests and their degrees of severity should be based on real environmental conditions that a particular specimen might encounter, the framework and the necessary phases for the environmental test tailoring process are provided. The test tailoring process may be used to produce the required relevant test specification for the particular specimen. ≤ 8 60068-1@|Ec:2013 2 Normative references 5835巴838 The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60068-2(all parts), Environmental testing-Tests 3 Terms and definitions 巴36g=638E For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. NOTE Tests covered by this standard may, in themselves, consist of a series of operations in order to determine the effect of such a test, or series of tests, on a specimen 005205 3.1 test complete series of operations implied by its title, normally comprising the following operations, if required: a)pre-conditioning: b) initial examination and measurements c)testing: d)recovery: e)final examination and measurements. Note 1 to entry: Intermediate measurements may be required during conditioning and/or recovery Note 2 to entry: When the temperature and humidity for conditioning of a specimen for measurement are the same as those prescribed for pre conditioning, the pre conditioning and conditioning may be merged, and the pre conditioning may be said to take the place of conditioning for measurement 3838s68882N#g 3.2 pre-conditioning treatment of a specimen with the object of removing, or partly counteracting the effects of its previous history Note 1 to entry: Where pre-conditioning is called for, it is the first process in the test procedure Note 2 to entry: Pre-conditioning may be affected by subjecting the specimen to climatic, electrical, or any other conditions required by the relevant specification in order that the properties of the specimen may be stabilized before measurement and test Ng-38z号虫 3.3 testing exposure of a specimen to environmental conditions in order to determine the effect of such conditions on the specimen 3.4 recovery treatment of a specimen, after conditioning, in order that the properties of the specimen may be stabilized before measurement 3.5 specimen product designated to be tested in accordance with the procedures of the lEC 60068 series Note 1 to entry: The term "specimen" includes any auxiliary parts or systems that are integral functional features of the specimen, for example systems for cooling and heating. ≤

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