ATP-EMTP 电磁仿真软件参考书

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电磁仿真软件EMTP的参考书,里面详细介绍了EMTP的基本操作,涉及了各元件的使用方法,同时包含有丰富的例子可供参考
POWER SYSTEM TRANSIENT ANALYSIS POWER SYSTEM TRANSIENT ANALYSIS TTHEORY AND PRACTICE USING SIMULATION PROGRAMS (ATP-EMTP Eiichi Haginomori University of Tokyo, Japan adashi Koshiduka Tokyo Denki University, Japan Junichi Arai Kougakuin University, Japan Hisatochi Ikeda University of Tokyo, Japan WILEY This edition first published 2016 o 2016 John Wiley sons, Ltd Registered Office John wiley sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, Po19 8sQ, United Kingdom For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reusethecopyrightmaterialinthisbookpleaseseeourwebsiteatwww.wiley.com The right of the author to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services and neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Haginomori, Eiichi, author Power system transient analysis: theory and practice using simulation programs(ATP-EMTP)/ Eiichi Haginomori Tadashi Koshiduka junichi arai. hisatochi ikeda pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index ISBN978-1-118-73753-8( cloth) 1. Transients(Electricity) I. Koshiduka, Tadashi, author. Il. Arai, Junichi, 1932-author. Ill. Ikeda, Hisatochi, author IV Title TK3226P6842016 621.319′21dc23 2015035756 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Cover Image: Casanowe/iStockphoto Set in 10/12pt Times by SPi Global, Pondicherry, India 12016 Contents Preface Part I Standard Course -Fundamentals and Typical Phenomena Fundamentals of EMTP 1. 1 Function and Composition of EMTP 1.Z.1 Lumped Parameter rlC 1.1.2 Transmission line 1.1.3 Transformer 1.1.4 Nonlinear element Arrester 1.1.6 Switch 1.1.7 Voltage and Current Sources 1.1.8 Generator and rotating Machine 333466677777 1.1.9 Control 1.1.10 Support routines 1.2 Features of the calculation method 1.2.1 Formulation of the Main circuit 1.2.2 Calculation in TACS 7778823 1.2.3 Features of EMTP References 16 Modeling of System Components 17 2.1 Overhead Transmission Lines and Underground cables 2.1.1 Overhead Transmission Line-Line constants 2.1.2 Underground Cables-Cable Parameters 37 2 Transformer 46 2.2./ Single-Phase Two-Winding transformer 46 2. 2.2 Single-Phase Three-Winding Transformer 50 2. 2.3 Three-Phase One-Core Transformer-Three Legs or Five legs 2.2.4 Frequency and Transformer Modeling 55 Transient Currents in Power Systems 3.1 Short-Circuit Currents 57 3.2 Transformer Inrush Magnetizing Current 3.3 Transient Inrush Currents in Capacitive Circuits 62 Contents Appendix 3. A: Example of ATPDraw Sheets--Data3-02 acp Reference 64 Transient at Current Breaking 65 4.1 Short-Circuit Current Breakings 66 4.2 Capacitive Current Switching 4.2.1 Switching of Capacitive Current of a No-Load Overhead Transmission line 72 4.2.2 Switching of Capacitive Current of a cable 4.2.3 Switching of capacitive Current of a shunt Capacitor Bank 4.3 Inductive Current Switching 78 4.3.1 Current Chopping Phenomenon 78 4.3.2 Reignition 4.3.3 High-Frequency Extinction and Multiple reignition 80 4. 4 TRV with Parallel Capacitance in SLF Breaking 80 Appendix 4.A: Current Injection to Various Circuit Elements 84 Appendix 4.B: TRV Calculation, Including ITRV--Current Injection is Applied for trv calculation Appendix 4.C: 550kV Line Normal Breaking 97 Appendix 4.D: 300kV, 150MVA Shunt Reactor Current Breaking--Current ChoppingReignition--HF Current Interruption 100 References 103 5 Black Box Arc Modeling 105 Mayr Arc Model 106 5.1.1 Analysis of phenomenon of short-Line Fault breaking 106 5.1.2 Analysis of phenomenon of shunt Reactor Switching l10 5.2 Cassie arc model 5.2.1 Analysis of Phenomenon of Current Zero Skipping Appendix 5.A: Mayr Arc Model Calculating SLF Breaking, 300kV, 50kA L90 Condition 118 Appendix 5. B: Zero Skipping Current Breaking Near Generator--Fault Current lasting 124 Appendix 5.C: Zero Skipping Current Breaking Near Generator--Dynamic Arc Introduced, Still Nonbreaking 131 Typical power Electronics Circuits in Power Systems 135 6.1 General 135 6.2 HVDC Converter/Inverter Circuits 135 6.3 Static Var Compensator/Thyristor-Controlled Inductor 140 6.4 PWM Self-Communicated Type Inverter Applying the Triangular Carrier Wave Shape principle--applied to SVG (Static Var Generator 142 Appendix 6.A: Example of ATPDraw Picture 147 Reference 148 Contents vII Part II Advanced Course-Special Phenomena and various Applications 149 Special Switching 151 7.1 Transformer-Limited Short-Circuit Current breaking 151 7.2 Transformer Winding Response to Very Fast Transient Voltage 152 7.3 Transformer magnetizing Current under geomagnetic storm conditions 156 7.4 Four-Armed Shunt Reactor for Suppressing Secondary Arc in Single-Pole Rapid reclosing 159 7.5 Switching Four-Armed Shunt Reactor Compensated Transmission line 162 References 163 8 Synchronous Machine Dynamics 165 8.1 Synchronous Machine Modeling and Machine Parameters 165 8.2 Some Basic Examples 167 8. 2.1 No-Load Transmission Line charging 167 8. 2. 2 Power flow calculation 169 8.2.3 Sudden Short-Circuiting 172 8.3 Transient Stability Analysis Applying the Synchronous Machine Model 176 8.3.1 Classic Analysis(Equal-Area Method) and Time domain Analysis(EMTP) 176 8.3.2 Detailed Transients by Time Domain analysis: ATP-EMTP 180 8.3.3 Field Excitation control 183 8.3.4 Back-Swing phenomenon 186 Appendix 8.A: Short-Circuit Phenomena observation in d-g domain coordinate ppendix 8. B A Starting as an Induction motor 193 Appendix 8.C: Modeling by the No 19 Universal Machine 195 Appendix 8.D: Example of ATPDraw Picture File: Draw 8-1llacp(Figure D8.1) 197 References 198 Induction Machine, Doubly Fed Machine, Permanent Magnet Machine 199 9.1 Induction Machine( Cage Rotor Type 199 9.1.1 Machine data for eMtP Calculation 200 9.1.2 Zero Starting 201 9.1.3 Mechanical Torque load application 204 9.1.4 Multimachine 206 9.1.5 Motor Terminal voltage change 208 9.1.6 Driving by Variable voltage and Frequency Source(vvvF) 209 9.2 Doubly Fed machine 212 9.2.1 Operation principle 212 9.2.2 Steady-State Calculation 9.2.3 Flywheel Generator Operation .3 Permanent Magnet Machine 215 9.3./ Zero Starting(Starting by Direct AC Voltage Source Connection) 217 9.3.2 Calculation of Transient phenomena 217 Appendix 9.A: Doubly Fed Machine Vector Diagrams 218 Appendix 9. B: Example of ATPDraw Picture vIll Contents 10 Machine Drive Applications 221 10.1 Small-Scale System Composed of a Synchronous Generator and induction motor 10.1. Initialization 221 10.1.2 Induction Motor Starting 10.1.3A pplication of avr 225 10.1.4 Inverter-Controlled vvvF Starting 226 10.2 Cycloconverter 233 10.3 Cycloconverter-Driven Synchronous Machine 237 10.3./ Application of Sudden Mechanical Load 237 10.3.2 Quick Starting of a Cycloconverter-Driven Synchronous Motor 242 10.3.3 Comparison with the Inverter-Driven system 245 10.4 Flywheel Generator: Doubly Fed Machine Application for Transient Stability enhancement 248 10.4. Initialization 249 10.4.2 Flywheel Activity in Transient stability enhancement 254 10.4.3 Active/ Reactive Power effect 254 10.4.4 Discussion 258 Appendix 10.A: Example of ATPDraw Picture 260 Reference 266 Index 267

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