Academic writing. A handbook for international students

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Most international students need to write essays and reports for exams and coursework, but writing good academic English is one of the most demanding tasks students face. This new, fourth edition of Academic Writing: A Handbook for International Students has been completely revised to help students
International students have many adjustments to make as they enter british universities and Stephens book makes at least one area of their lives- academic study- much more approach able. With its straightforward approach and improved layout, it will be a book many students will come to regard as an essential companion to their university lives Stephen dewhirst, Freelance eap teacher, UK International students and indeed all students should find this book very helpful. It is accessible to read and engages in an explicit and sharply focused manner with many elements of the critical use of reading, of writing and of studying. The book usefully explains, exemplifies, and tests understanding. It deals with the problematic areas of plagiarism and grammatical work of developing argument and counter argument and essay expression It should be very useful for international students engaged in academic writing Professor Gina Wisker, University of brighton, UK Stephen Bailey's Academic Writing is one of the few academic writing books that deal with core areas effectively -language, text type, academic conventions and the writing process. This is done by giving simple explanations, authentic examples and useful practice opportunities which can either be done in class or as self study. The book appeals to a range of levels including pre and in sessional students and equips them with a range of the key language and skills needed to embark on academic writing in higher education Fiona gilbert, Oxford Brookes University, UK This book provides international students with a useful introduction to the basic practices in reading and writing for academic purposes. It includes topics such as the typical content of article abstracts, the mechanics of citation and referencing, and some uses of sources in writing topics that will help international students, studying in an English medium university for the first time, to meet their tutors'expectations in reading and writing assignments. The chapter on reading advises a critical attitude to internet resources, advice most relevant to students today Antonia Chandrasegaran, National Institute of education, Singapore Academic Writing A Handbook for International students Fourth edition Stephen bailey Routledge Taylor& Francis Group LONDON AND NEW YORK Fourth edition published 2015 by routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN and by routledge 71l Third Avenue. New york. NY 10017 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor e francis Group, an informa business c 2015 Stephen bailey The right of Stephen Bailey to be identified as author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe First edition published by Routledge 2003 Third edition published by Routledge 2011 British library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data Bailey, Stephen, 1947- Academic writing: a handbook for international students/Stephen ailey- Fourth edition pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index 1. English language- Rhetoric- Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2. English language- Textbooks for foreign speakers. 3. Academic writing Handbooks. manuals etc. I. Titl PEl413B282015 808′.0428-dc23 2014012537 ISBN:978-1-138-778498(hbk) ISBN:978-1-138-77850-4(pbk ISBN:978-1-315-76896-0(cbk) ypeset in Galliard by Florence Production Ltd, Stoodleigh, Devon, UK Contents acknowled gements Introduction for Teachers Introduction for students Academic Writing Quiz Part 1 The Writing Process 1.1 Background to Writing The purpose of academic writing Common types of academic writing The format of long and short writing tasks The features of academic writing Some other common text features Simple and longer sentences Writing in paragraphs 13344667899 1.2 Reading: Finding Suitable Sources Academic texts Types of text 12 Using reading lists 12 Using library catalogues Using library websites to search electronic resources 14 1.3 Reading: Developing Critical Appi roaches 16 Reading methods 16 Titles. sub-titles and text features Reading abstracts 18 VI Contents Fact and opinion Assessing internet sources critically 19 Critical thinking 22 1. 4 Avoiding plagiarism 25 What is plagiarism? 25 Acknowledging sources 26 Degrees of plagiarism 26 Avoiding plagiarism by summarising and paraphrasing 27 Avoiding plagiarism by developing good study habits 29 Research 30 1.5 From Understanding Titles to Planning 31 The planning process Analysing essay titles 32 Brainstorming 33 Essay length 34 Outlines 35 1. 6 Finding Key Points and Note-making 36 Finding key points 36 Finding relevant points 37 Why make notes? 38 Note-making methods 39 Effective note-making 40 1.7 Summarising and Paraphrasing 42 What makes a good summary? 42 Stages of summarising 43 Paraphrasing Techniques for paraphrasing 49 1. 8 References and Quotations 52 Why use references? 52 Citations and references 53 Reference verbs Reference systems 54 Using quotations 55 Abbreviations in citations 57 Secondary references 57 Organising the list of references 58 Contents 1. 9 Combining Sources 61 Mentioning sources Taking a critical approach Combining three sources 64 1.10 Organising Paragraphs 67 Paragraph structure 67 EXample paragraph 67 Development of ideas 69 Introducing paragraphs and linking them together 70 1.11 Introductions and Conclusions 72 Introduction contents Introduction structure Opening sentences Conclusions 1.12 Rewriting and Proofreading 78 Rewriting Proofreading 81 Part 2 Elements of Writing 83 2.1 Argument and Discussion 85 Discussion vocabulary Organisation The language of discussion Counterarguments Providing evidence 89 2.2 Cause and Effect 91 The language of cause and effect 2.3 Cohesion 96 Reference words 96 Preventing confusion 97 2.4 Comparisons 100 Comparison structures 100 Forms of comparison 102 Using superlatives(e.g. the largest/smallest 102 viiI Contents 2. 5 Definite Articles 105 Use of articles 105 Using definite articles 106 2.6 Definitions 109 Simple definitions 109 Complex definitions 110 2.7 Examples 112 Using examples 112 Phrases to introduce examples 113 Restatement 115 2. 8 Generalisations 116 Using generalisations 116 Structure 117 Building on generalisations 119 2.9 Passives 121 Active and passive 121 Structure 122 Using adverbs 122 2.10 Problems and Solutions 125 Paragraph structure 125 Alternative structure 126 Vocabular 127 2.1 Punctuation 129 Capital letters 129 Apostrophes() 129 Semicolons () 130 Colons(e 130 Commas () 130 Quotation marks/inverted commas("."..) 131 Full stops( 131 Others 132 2.12 Singular or plural: 134 Five areas of difficulty 134 Group phrases 135 Uncountable nouns 135 Contents ix 2.13 Style 138 Components of academic style 13 Guidelines 139 Avoiding repetition and redundancy 141 Varying sentence length The use of caution 143 Using modifiers 144 2.14 Visual Information 146 Types of visuals 146 The language of change 148 Describing visuals 149 Labelling 150 Part 3 Vocabulary for Writing 153 3.1 Approaches to Vocabulary 155 Introduction 155 Discussing language 156 Practice 157 Confusing pairs 158 Words and phrases from other languages 159 3.2 Abbreviations 161 Types of abbreviation 161 Some common abbreviations 162 Punctuation 163 Duplicate abbreviations 163 Abbreviations in writing 163 3.3 Academic Vocabulary: Nouns and adjectives 165 Introduction N Using nouns and adjectives 167 Academic adjectives 169 3.4 Academic Vocabulary: Adverbs and Verbs 172 Understanding main verbs 172 Using verbs of reference 174 Further referring verbs Using adverbs 176

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木-槿 不是最新版本的,是4 edition,清晰度很好
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