AIAG-VDA FMEA - DRAFT for Stakeholder Review 27 NOV 17

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失效模式与影响分析即“潜在失效模式及后果分析”,或简称为FMEA。FMEA是在产品设计阶段和过程设计阶段,对构成产品的子系统、零件,对构成过程的各个工序逐一进行分析,找出所有潜在的失效模式,并分析其可能的后果,从而预先采取必要的措施,以提高产品的质量和可靠性的一种系统化的活动。 FMEA分为DFMEA/PFMEA。
FOREWORD....... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS………,,1 5 TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………6 1 INTRODUCTION。,… 2 1.1 PURPOSE AND DESCRIPTION .14 1.2 DEVELOPMENT HISTORY OF THE FMEA 15 1.3 OBJECTIVES AND LIMITS OF FMEA 16 1. 4 NTEGRATION OF FMEA IN THE COMPANY 17 1.4.1 Legal aspects of the fmea 17 1.4.2 Management commitment 18 1.4.3Know-How Protection of the Design FMEA/Process FMEA 219 1.4.4 Agreements between Customers and Suppliers 19 14.5 Reuse of the fmea.….….….….….… 19 1.4.6 Handling of existing FMEA.…… 19 1.5 FMEA FOR PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES 20 1.5.1 Design FMEA 20 1.5.2 Process Fmea 垂F新 .21 1.5.3 Information flow from Design FMEa to Process FMEA 21 1.6 PROJECT PLANNING∴… 16.1 MEA Team 23 1.6.1.1 The Design FMEA Team 24 1.6.1.2 The process fmea team 24 1.6.1. 3 FMEA Team Roles and Responsibilities 25 1.6. 1.3.1 Management, e. g project manager 25 1.6.1.3.2 Lead Design/Process Engineer(Technical Lead )..... 1.6.1.3, 3 FMEA Facilitator 25 1.6.1.3. 4 Core Team Members 26 1.6. 1.3.5 Extended Team Members/Experts 26 1.6.2 FMEA Timing.… 26 1.6.3 FMEA Intent,……………………… 28 1.6.4 FMEA Tools 28 1.6.5 FMEA Tasks 28 2 EXECUT| ON OF THE DESIGN FMEA,……………….30 2.1 DESIGN FMEA IST STEP: SCOPE DEFINITION 2.1.1 Purpose….,… 30 2.2 DESIGN FMEA 2ND STEP: STRUCTURE ANALYSIS 33 2. 2. 1 Purpose 33 2.2.2 Systen.…,,…,…,…,… 33 2.2.3 System FMEA......,…..,… 33 2.2. 4 Component fMeA 33 2.2.5 Define the Customer 34 2.2.6 Block/ Boundary Diagrams 34 2.2.7 Structure trees ,,, 35 2.3 DESIGN FMEA 3RD STEP: FUNCTION ANALYSIS 37 2.3.1 Purpose 37 2.3.2 Function .37 2.3.3iη terface……… ∴38 2. 3. 4 Requirements 38 2.3.5 Product Characteristic 39 2.3.6 Parameter Diagram P-Diagram 39 2.3.7 Visualization of functional relationships 41 .4 DESIGN FMEA4 TH STEP: FAILURE ANALYS|S∴… ∴44 2.4.1 Purpose,……,…,…,…,…,…,… 44 2. 4.2 Failures 44 2.4.3 The failure chain.,,,………, 45 2.4.4 Failure Network and Chain analysis 46 2.4.5 Failure Effects.. 48 2. 4. Failure mode ,49 2.4.7 Failure cause 2. 4. 8 Summary . 2.5 DESIGN FMEA STH STEP: RISK ANALYSIS 53 2.5.1 Purpose… 53 2.5.2 Design Controls 2.5.3 Current Prevention Controls(PC) 53 2.5.4 Current Detection Controls(DC) .54 2.5.5 Confirmation of current Prevention and Detection Controls 55 2.5.6 Evaluatic∩s…56 2.5.7 Severity(S)… 56 2.5.8 Occurrence(O)… 57 2.5.9 Detection(D)… 58 2.5. 10 Action Priority(AP)............ ∴62 2.6 DESIGN FMEA 6TH STEP: OPTIMIZATION 66 2.6.1 Purpose……… 66 2.6.2 Assignment of responsibilities ∴67 2.6.3 Status of the Actions .67 2.6.4 Assessment of Action Effectiveness……… 67 2.6.5 Continual Improvement 68 2.7 EMEA RESULTS DOCUMENTATION ∴70 3 EXECUTION OF THE PROCESS FMEA(PFMEA) 3.1 PROCESS FMEA 1ST STEP: SCOPE DEFINITION 71 3.1.1 Purpose 3.2 PROCESS FMEA 2ND STEP: STRUCTURE ANALYSIS 75 3.2.1 Purpose……,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…………,……….175 3.2.2 Process Flow Diagran,…,…,…,…,…,…,…,… 75 3.23 Structure Tree 76 3. 3 PROCESS FMEA 3RD STEP: FUNCTION ANALYSIS 79 3.3.1 Purpose∴…….,…,………,…,…,…,…,…,…,……… 3.3.2 Functio 3. 3. 3 Requirement(s)............. 80 3.3. 4 Visualization of functional relationships 3. 4 PROCESS FMEA 4TH STEP: FAILURE ANALYSIS 着番 83 3.4.1 Purpose…….…,…,…… 83 3. 4.2 Failures 83 3.43 Failure ch 83 3.4.4 Failure Network and Chain Analysis.... 84 3.4.5 Failure effe 86 3. 4.6 Failure mode 88 3.47 Faile 3.4.7.1Man90 3. 4.7.2 Machine 3.4.7.3 Material(indirect). 3. 4.7.4 Environment 3.4. 8 Summary ... 91 3.5 PROCESS EMEA STH STEP: RISK ANALYSIS 94 3.5.1 Purpose........,,,…, 94 3.5.2 Current Prevention Controls(PC) .94 3.5.3 Process planning 94 3.5.4 Production process 94 3.5.5 Current Detection Controls(DC 95 3, 5.6 Current Prevention and detection Controls .96 3.5.7 Evaluations 96 3.5. 8 Severity(S) 96 3.5.9 Occurrence 0) 97 3.5.10 Detection(D)… 98 3.5.11 Action Priority(AP). 103 3.6 PROCESS FMEA 6TH STEP: OPTIMIZATION 107 3.6.1 Purpos已∴.. 107 3.6.2 Assignment of Responsibilities……..…. ∴108 3.6.3 Status of the Actions 108 3.64 Assessment of Act| on Effectiveness...,.,…,,.…,…,,…,109 3.6.5 ContinualImprovement 109 3.7 FMEA RESULTS DOCUMENTATION 111 4 SUPPLEMENTAL FMEA FOR MONITORING AND SYSTEM RESPONSE( FMEA-MSR).………,…,…,…,…112 4.1 EMEA-MSR 1ST STEP SCOPE DEFINITION .113 4.2FMEA-MSR2 ND STEP:∶ STRUCTURE ANALYSIS……………114 4.2.1Bock( Boundary) Diagrams.…… 114 4.2.2 Structure trees 114 4 3 FMEA-MSR 3RD STEP: FUNCTION ANALYSIS 116 4. 4 FMEA-MSR 4TH STEP: FAILURE ANALYSIS 117 4.5 FMEA-MSR STH STEP: RISK ANALYSIS 19 4.5.1 Purpose 119 4.5.2 Rationale for Frequency Rating……,…,…,…,…,…,…,… 119 4.5.3 Current Monitoring Contros( 120 4.5, 4 Evaluations 120 4.5.5 Severity{S)……………… 120 4.5.6 Frequency(F)…........,……………………………………120 4.5.7 Monitoring(M) 121 4.5.8 Action Priority(AP丿 for FMea-MSR…… 124 4.6 FMEA-MSR 6TH STEP: OPTIMIZATION 126 4.6.1 Purpose 126 4.6.2 Assignment of Responsibilities 126 4.6. 3 Status of the Actions 127 4.6.4 Assessment of Action Effectiveness 127 4.6.5C0 ntinua/ mprovement….,…,…,…, 128 4.7 FMEA RESULTS DOCUMENTATION 129 ANNEX 130 A1 ADDItIONs 131 A1.1 Special characteristics 131 A1.2 Form sheets 132

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试读 127P AIAG-VDA FMEA - DRAFT for Stakeholder Review 27 NOV 17
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shawnwu1986 2017年的草案,不是最新版,最新版的是2019年6月发布的
2019-07-18
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