合成传输线的设计教程.pdf

所需积分/C币:8 2019-07-23 15:59:11 7.07MB .PDF

合成传输线设计,电路实现和相控阵应用。
This edition first published 2017 o 2017 John Wiley Sons, Singapore Pte Ltd Registered Office John Wiley Sons, Singapore Pte Ltd, I Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01 Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628 For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reusethecopyrightmaterialinthisbookpleaseseeourwebsiteatwww.wiley.com All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as expressly permitted by law, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate photocopy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center. Requests for permission should be addressed to the Publisher, John Wiley Sons Singapore Pte Ltd, I Fusionopolis Walk, #07-01 Solaris South Tower, Singapore 138628 tel:65-66438000,fax65-66438008,emailenquiry@wiley.com Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners The Publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered It is sold on the understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services and neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Ma, Tzyh-Ghuang, 1973-author I Wang, Chao-Wei, 1982-author I Lai, Chi-Hui, 1985-author Tseng, Ying-Cheng, 1987-author Title: Synthesized transmission lines: design, circuit implementation, and phased array applications Tzyh-Ghuang Ma, Chao-Wei Wang, Chi-Hui Lai, Ying-Cheng Tsen Description: Singapore Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons, 2017. I Includes bibliographical references and index Identifiers: LCCN 2016024736(print)I LCCn 2016035371ebook)I Isbn 9781118975725(cloth: alk. paper)I ISBN9781118975749( Adobe pde)|SBN9781118975756(ePub) Subjects: LCSH: Microwave transmission lines-Design and construction. I Phased array antennas-Design and construction Classification: LCC TK7876. $95 2017(print)I LCC TK7876(ebook)I DDC 6213841/35-dc 3 Lcrecordavailableathttps://ccn.loc.gov/2016024736 A catalogue record for this book is available from the british library Set in 10/12pt Times by SPi Global, Pondicherry, India 109876543 To our beloved families and motherland Contents Preface 1 Introduction to Synthesized Transmission Lines C.W. Wang and T.g. Ma 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Propagation Characteristics of a TEM Transmission Line 1.2.1 Wave equations 1.2.2 Keys to Miniaturization 1.3 Analysis of Synthesized Transmission lines 1.3.1 Bloch Theorem and Characterization of a periodic Synthesized transmission line 1.3.2 Characterization of a Non-Periodic Synthesized Transmission line 1.3.3 Extraction of line parameters from s-parameters 10 1. 4 Lumped and Quasi-Lumped Approaches 1.4./ Lumped Networks 1. 4.2 Shunt-Stub loaded lines 14 1.5 One-Dimensional Periodic structures 16 1.5.1 Complementary-Conducting -Strip lines 1.6 Photonic Bandgap Structures 20 1. 7 Left-Handed Structures References 24 2 Non-Periodic Synthesized Transmission Lines for Circuit Miniaturization 26 C.W. Wang and T.G. Ma 2.1 Introduction 26 2.2 Non-Periodic Synthesized Microstrip Lines and Their Applications 2.2./ Design Details and Propagation Characteristie 27 2.2.290°andl80° Hybrid Couplers 2. 2.3 Application to Butler Matrix as Array Feeding Network 32 vIll Contents 2.3 Non-Periodic Synthesized Coplanar Waveguides and Their Applications 34 2.3.1 Synthesis and Desigr 34 2.3.2 180 Hybrid Using Synthesized CPWs 2.3.3 Dual-Mode ring bc 38 2. 4 Non-Periodic Quasi-Lumped Synthesized Coupled lines 2.4. Basics of Coupled Transmission Lines 42 2.4.2 Miniaturization of Coupled lines and the Directional Couplers 2.4.3 Marchand Baluns Using Synthesized Coupled lines 2.4.4 Lumped Directional Coupler and the Phase shifter 53 2.5 Non-Periodic Synthesized lines using vertical Inductors 55 References 60 3 Dual/Tri-Operational Mode Synthesized Transmission Lines: Design and analysis C.h. lai andt.g. ma 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Equivalent Circuit Models and Analysis 63 3.2.1 Ladder-Type Approximation in the passband 63 3.2.2 Half-Circuit Model at resonance 3.3 Dual-Operational Mode Synthesized Transmission Lines 65 3.3./ Design Concept 65 3.3.2 Dual-Mode synthesized line using a series resonator 3.3.3 Dual-Mode Synthesized line using Open-Circuited stubs 70 3.3.4 Dual-Mode Synthesized line using Parallel resonators 3.4 Tri-Operational Mode Synthesized Lines Using Series Resonators 74 3.4.1 Design Concept 74 3.4.2 Tri-Mode synthesized line as Category-l Design 75 3.4.3 Tri-Mode synthesized line as Category-2 Design 3.4.4 Tri-Mode Synthesized Line as Category-3 Design 83 3.5 Multi-Operational Mode Synthesized Lines as Diplexer and Triplexer 87 3.5.1 Diplexer 87 3.5.2 Triplexer 89 References 94 Applications to Heterogeneous Integrated Phased Arrays 95 C.h. lai andt. ma 4.1 Introduction 95 4.2 Dual-Mode Retrodirective Array 96 4.2./ Design Goal 96 4.2.2 System Architecture 4.2.3 Circuit Realization 98 4. 2. 4 Bistatic radiation patterns 102 4.2.5 Alternative architecture 103 4.3 Dual-Mode Integrated Beam-Switching/Retrodirective Array 106 4.3.D 4.3.2 System architecture 106 Contents 4.3.3 Circuit Realization 109 4. 3. 4 Radiation characteristics 4.3.5 Complementary Design 4.4 Tri-Mode Heterogeneous Integrated Phased Array 4.4.1 Design goal 115 4.4.2 System architecture 116 4.4.3 Operation and system implementation 117 4.4.4 Circuit Responses and radiation Patterns 4.4.4./ Beam-Switching Mode 120 4.4.4.2 Van Atta mode 122 4.4.4.3 PCA Mode 4.5 Simplified Dual-Mode Integrated Array Using Two Elements References 124 5 On-Chip Realization of Synthesized Transmission Lines Using IPD Processes 126 Y.C. Tseng and T.G. Ma 5.1 Introduction 26 5.2 Integrated Passive Device(PD)Process 127 5.3 Tight Couplers Using Synthesized CPWs 128 5.3.1 Quadrature Hybrid 128 5.3.2 Wideband Rat-Race Coupler 129 5.3.3 Dual-Band rat-Race Coupler 13 5.3.4 Coupled-Line Coupler 5.3.5 Butler matrix 5.4 Bandpass/Bandstop Filters Using Synthesized CPWs 142 5.4./ Bandpass Filter Using Synthesized Stepped-Impedance resonators 143 5.4.2 Transformer-Coupled Bandpass filter 146 5.4.3 Bridged T-Coils as Common-Mode Filter 147 5.5 Chip Designs Using Multi-Mode Synthesized CPWs 151 5.5.1 Diplexer 151 5.5.2 Dual-Mode rat-Race Coupler 154 5.5.3 Triplexer 5.5.4 On-Chip liquid Detector 16l References 166 6 Periodic Synthesized Transmission Lines with Two-Dimensional Routing 168 T.G. Ma 6.1 Introduction 168 6.2 Design of the Unit Cel 169 6.2.1 Formulation 169 6.2.2 Quarter-Wavelength lines 172 6. 3 Power Divider and couplers 174 6.4 Broadside directional Coupler 178 6. 4. Design Principle 178 6.4.2 Circuit Realization 180 Contents 6.5 Common-Mode Rejection Filter 184 6.5. 1 Design Principle 184 6.5.2 Circuit Realization 187 6.6 On-Chip Implementation 189 6.6.1 Unit Cells and Quarter-Wavelength lines 189 6.6.2 Circuit Implementations and compensation 192 References 194 Index 196 Preface This book intends to provide comprehensive coverage of the recent progress in synthesized(or artificial) transmission lines for graduate students in electrical and telecommunication engi neering Synthesized transmission lines are microwave lumped or quasi-lumped networks that have similar electrical properties to a uniform transmission line, but are of a far more compact size. This unique feature makes this sort of microwave wave-guiding structure an ideal candi date for realizing miniaturized microwave passive components with comparable performances to their conventional counterparts. Add-on values such as harmonic suppression, non-integer ratio between passbands, multi-functional operation, and so on, are demonstrated through the years The first part of this book focuses on introducing basic synthesis techniques and analysis tools for developing synthesized transmission lines with or without periodicity. Classical approaches are introduced along with simple examples for easy understanding. The basic principles are followed by a variety of synthesized transmission lines in microstrip, coplanar waveguide, or stripline form, and their applications to miniaturized passive components including couplers, array feeding networks, filters, and phase shifters The second part of this book is devoted to providing a comprehensive introduction to a new sort of wave-guiding structure, termed multi-operational mode synthesized transmission lines This is the result of 10 years of research work conducted by the authors at the national Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan. Multi-operational mode synthesized transmis- sion lines, abbreviated to multi-mode synthesized lines, can provide distinct electrical prop erties at different frequencies or in different material media. Without using active switches the synthesized line could be identical to a uniform transmission line in one band but auto configures as an open or short circuit in another band. A variety of applications not feasible with conventional microwave components, including multiplexers and multi-mode feeding networks for phased arrays are introduced The third part of the book provides thorough coverage of recent on-chip development of synthesized transmission lines using an emerging fabrication technology, the integrated passive device(iPd)process. The IPd process is a competitive technology in the integration Preface of on-chip microwave passive and active components for system-in-package(SiP) applications This book will be the first book dedicated to summarizing state-of-the-art on-chip components using synthesized transmission lines with IPD technology The final part of the book covers a new sort of one-dimensional periodic synthesized trans- mission line with two-dimensional routing capability. It is also an outcome of the research conducted by the author group For the most part of this chapter, designs are disclosed to the public for the first time. The periodic synthesized transmission lines make the routing of a passive microwave component conformal to an arbitrary outline profile when integrated with other circuit modules in the same system In the course of preparing the book, a number of people offered their kind support and assistance. First of all, the authors would like to express their appreciation to Dr. Jenshan Lin at University of Florida for his kind support of the environment in which Tzyh-Ghuang Ma worked on the book. Also, the financial support from the ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan for covering his living expenses in Gainesville, Florida, is highly appreciated. The authors would Iso like to express their sincere gratitude to Dr. Tzong- Lin Wu at National Taiwan University and Dr. Zhi Ning Chen at National University of Singapore for their continuous encouragement and inspiring thoughts. Without their great support, this book could not have been written The authors are indebted to many researchers for their excellent work published in IEEE journals; they enrich the scope of the book and the sources of reference. The authors are grate- ful to the editorial staff of John Wiley sons, Ltd for their great efforts in the preparation of the book, from project management to proofreading. In particular, they are grateful to James Murphy, Maggie Zhang, Nivedhitha Elavarasan, Shivana Raj, Lynette Woodward, Karthika Sridharan, Victoria Taylor, and Clarissa Lim. The authors are especially grateful to the staff at ational Chip Implementation Center(CIC), Taiwan for fabricating and probing chips over th le years In addition the authors are grateful to the former and present team members, chao-Wei Wang, Yu-Ting Cheng, Chen-Cheng Wang, Chi-Hui Lai, Hung-Wei hsu, Jyh-Woei Tsai Huang-Chin Chiu, Cheng-Hsun Wu, Kai-Chi Lin, Yin-Cheng Tseng, Jyun-Yu Zou, Wei-Chen Wang, Chen-Yuan Shiau, Wei-Shan Chung, Bo-Feng Su, Guan-Ting Zhou, Chang-An Lin, Yi-Ling Wu, Ling Chieh Hsu, Hung-Hsuan Chen, Li Chang, Huy Nam Chu, Ting Hsieh, Hua-Chien Liao, and Gao-Yi Li, at the applied Electromagnetics Lab at National Taiwan University of Science and Technology for their consistent hard work over the years in exploring the field of synthesized transmission lines It has been 10 years since the authors first became devoted to this special topic, but they still find new things out! They also wish to thank Jhen Jia Liao, Gao-Yi Li, Hua-Chien Liao, Hong-Yi Yang, Yen- Yin Chen, and Kuan-Ting Fang for redrawing illustrations and proofreading, and You-Jiun Wang, Min-Chung Chen, Guan-YiLi, Chia-Chun Kao and Taufiqqurrachman for proofreading Finally, the authors are deeply indebted to their family for their unconditional love and under standing. Tzyh-Ghuang Ma would also like to express his deepest appreciation to his wife Ching-Wen, for her patience and great care during the writing of the book. Chao-Wei Wang would like to express his deep appreciation to his wife, Yiling, for her love and encouragement This book is dedicated to everyone who works hard over the years for our country. God bless formosa Tzyh-Ghuang ma Taipei Taiwan

...展开详情
img

关注 私信 TA的资源

上传资源赚积分,得勋章
最新资源