Ultiboard10 user manual

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Ultiboard is the PCB layout application of National Instruments Circuit Design Suite, a suite of EDA (Electronics Design Automation) tools that assists you in carrying out the major steps in the circuit design flow. Ultiboard is used to design printed circuit boards, perform certain basic mechanical CAD operations, and prepare them for manufacturing. It also provides automated parts placement and layout.
User Guide book Page 3 Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM Important Information Warranty The media on which you receive National Instruments software are warranted not to fail to execute programming instructions, due to defects in materials and does not warrant that the operation of the saftware shall be uninterrupted or error fre ther documentation. National Instriments will, at its option, repair or replace workmanship, for a period of 90 days from date of shipment, as evidenced by receipts or soflware edia that do lot execute prograIlllling instructions if National Instumlenis receives Notice of such defects during the warranty period. National InstrunneI A Rcturn Matcrial Authorization(RMA)numbcr must bc obtaincd from the factory and clcarly marked on the outside of the package bcforc any cquipment will be accepted for warranty work. National Instruments will pay the shipping costs of returning to the owner parts which are covered by warranty National Instruments believes that the information in this document is accurate. The document has been carefully reviewed for technical accuracy. In the event that technical or typographical errors exist, National Instruments reserves the right to make changes to subsequent editions of this document without prior notice to holders of this edition. The reader should consult National Instruments if errors are suspected. In no event shall National Instruments be liable for any damages arising out of or related to this document or the information contained in it. EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED HEREIN. NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS MAKES NO WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIFD. AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, CUSTOMERS RIGHT TO RECOVER DAMAGES CAUSED BY FAULT OR NEGLIGENCE ON THE PART OF NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT THERETOFORE PAID BY THE CUSTOMER. NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM LOSS OF DATA, PROFITS, USE OF PRODUCTS, OR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILII'Y THEREOF This limitation of the liability of National Instruments will apply regardless of the form of action, whether in contract or tort, including negligence. Any action against National Instruments must be bro within one year after the cause of action accrues. National Instruments shall not be liable for any delay in performance due to causes beyond its reasonable control. The warranty provided herein does not cover damages, defects, malfunctions, or service failures caused by owner's failure to follow the National Instruments installation, operation, or maintenance instructions; owners modification of the product; owner's abuse, misuse, or negligent acts; and power failure or surges, fire. flood, accident, actions of third parties, or other events outside reasonable control Copyright an information retrieval system, or transe may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form, clectronic or mcchanical, including photocopying, recording, storing in Undcr the copyright laws, this publication National Instruments respects the intellectual property of others, and we ask our users to do the same. NI software is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. Where NI software may be used to reproduce software or other materials belonging to others, you may use NI software only to reproduce materials that you may reproduce in accordance with the terms of any applicable license ar other legal restriction Trademarks National Instruments, NI, ni. com, and LabVIEW are trademarks of National Instruments Corporation. Refer to the Terms of Use section on ni. com/legal for more information about Naticnal Instruments trademarks. Ultiboard is a registered trademark and Multisim and Electronics Workbench are trademarks of Electronics Members of the National Instruments Alliance Partner Program are business entities independent from National Instruments and have no agency, partnership or joint- venture relationship with National Instrument atents For patents covering National Instruments products, refer to ri. ccm/patents WARNING REGARDING USE OF NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS PRODUCTS (I)NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED WITH COMPONENTS AND TESTING FOR A LEVEL OF REL SUITABLE FOR USE IN OR IN CONNECTION WITH SURGICAL IMPLANTS OR AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN ANY LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS WHOSE FAILURE TO PERFORM CAN REASONABIY BE EXPECTED TO CAUSE SIGNTFICANT INJURY TOA HUMAN (2)IN ANY APPLICATION, INCLUDING THE ABOVE, RELIABILITY OF OPERATION OF THE SOFTWARE PRODUCTS CAN BE IMPAIRED BY ADVERSE FACTORS INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO FLUCTUATIONS IN ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY. COMPUTER HARDWARE MALFUNCTIONS, COMPUTER OPERATING SYSTEM SOFTWARE FITNESS, FITNESS OF COMPILERS AND DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE USED TO DEVELOP AN APPLICATION INSTALLATION ERRORS. SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE COMPATIBILITY PROBLEMS. MALFUNCTIONS OR FAILURES OF ELECTRONIC MONITORING OR CONTROL DEVICES, TRANSIENT FAILURES OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (HARDWARE AND/OR SU上 T WARE), UNANIICIPATED USES OR MISUSES,OR上 RRORS ON THE PART O上 THE LSER OR APPLICATIONS DESIGN上R( ADVERS上上 ACTORS SUCH AS THESE ARE HEREAFTER COLLECTTVELY TERMED"SYSTEM FAILURES ). ANY APPLICATION WHERE A SYSTEM FAILURE WOULD CREATE A RISK OF HARM TO PROPERTY OR PERSONS (INCLUDING THE RISK OF BODILY INJURY AND DEATH) SHOULD NOT BE RELIANT SOLELY UPON ONE FORM OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DUE TO THE RISK OF SYSTEM FAILURE. TO AVOID DAMAGE, INJURY, OR DEATH, THE USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER MUST TAKE REASONABLY PRUDENT STEPS TO PROTECT AGAINST SYSTEM FAILURES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO BACK-UP OR SHUT DOWN MECHANISMS BECAUSE FACH END-USER SYSTEM IS CUSTOMIZED AND DIFFERS FROM NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS TESTING PLATTORMS AND BECAUSE A USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER MAY USE NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS PRODUCTS IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER PRODUCTS IN A MANNER NOT EVALUATED OR CONTEMPLATED BY NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS THE USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER IS ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR VERIFYING AND VALIDATING THE SUITABILITY OF NATIONAL INSTRUMENIS PRODUCIS WHENEVER NATIONAL INSIRUMENIS PRODUCIS ARE INCORPORATED IN A SYSTEM OR APPLICATION INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION. THE APPROPRIATE DESIGN, PROCESS AND SAFETY LEVEL OF SUCH SYSTEM OR APPLICATION User Guide book Page 4 Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM Documentation Conventions When Ultiboard guides refer to a toolbar button, an image of the button appears in the left column Ultiboard guides use the convention Menu/ltem to indicate menu commands. For example, File/Open means choose the open command from the file menu Ultiboard guides use the convention of an arrow ()to indicate the start of procedural information Ultiboard guides use the construction CTRL-KEY and alt-key to indicate when you need to hold down the Ctrl"or Alt' key on your keyboard and press another key The Ultiboard documentation set Ultiboard documentation consists of this User Guide and online help You should also refer to Getting Started with N/ Circuit Design Suite. User Guide The User Guide describes Ultiboard and its many functions in detail Online Help Ultiboard offers a full helpfile system to support your use of the product Choose Help/Ultiboard Help to display the helpfile that explains the Ultiboard program in detail In addition, you can display context-sensitive help by pressing FI from any command or window, or by clicking the Help button on any dialog box that offers it UserGuide book Page i Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM Table of contents 1. User Interface 1.1 ntroduction to the ultiboard interface .....1-2 1.2 Toolbars 1.2.1 The standard toolbar 1-4 1.2.2 The view Toolbar 1.2.3 The main Toolbar .1-5 1.2.4 The select Toolbar 1.2.5 The Draw settings Toolbar. 1-8 1.2.6 The edit toolbar 1-8 1.2.7 The Align tool 1-9 1.2.8 The place tool 1-10 1.2.9 The wizard toolbar 1-12 1.2.10 The autoroute toolbar 1-13 3 Setting Preferences 1-13 1.3.1 General Settings Tab 1-14 1.3.2 Paths Tab 1-14 1.3.3 Colors Tab 1-15 1.3.4 PCB Design Tab 1-17 1.3.5 Dimensions tal 1.3.6 3D Options Tab 1-19 4 Setting PCB Properties ..1-20 1.4.1 Attributes Tab ..1-20 1.4.2 Grid Units tab .1-20 1.4.3 Copper Layers Tab 1-21 1.44 Pads/vias Tab ::::.: ...1-22 1.4.5 General layers tab 1-24 1.4.6 Design Rules Tab 1-24 1.4.7 Setting Favorite Layers 1-25 5 Design Toolbox 1-26 1.6 Spreadsheet View 1-26 1.6.1 Spreadsheet View: DRC Tab ..1-28 6.2 Spreadsheet View: Results Tab 129 National instruments corporation Ultiboard User guide ser Guide book Page ii Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM 1.6.3 Spreadsheet View: Parts Tab ...1-30 1.6.4 Spreadsheet view: Part Groups Tab 131 1.6.5 Spreadsheet View: Nets Tab 1-31 1.6.6 Spreadsheet View: Nets Group Tab 133 1.6.7 Spreadsheet View: SMT Pads Tab .,,,,,,,,,,,,,.1-34 6.8 Spreadsheet View: THT Pads Tab .1-35 1.6.9 Spreadsheet View: Vias Tab. 1-36 1.6.10 Spreadsheet View: Copper Areas Tab 1-37 1.6.11 Spreadsheet View: Keep Ins/Outs tab 翻 ...1-37 1.6.12 Spreadsheet View: Layers tab 1-38 1.6.13 Spreadsheet View: Parts Position Tab 1-39 1.6.14 Spreadsheet View: Statistics Tab 139 1.7 Customizing the Interface 1-39 1.7.1 Commands tab ...140 7.2 Toolbars tab 140 1.7.3 Keyboard Tab 1-41 1.7. 4 Menu tab .1-41 7.5 Options Tab .1-42 1.7.6 Customization of Pop-up Menus 1-42 2. Beginning a design 2. 1 About designs and projects 2-2 2.2 Creating a project 2-2 2.3 Creating a Design 2-3 2.4 Creating a Design from a Netlist File 2-3 2.5 Working with Projects 2-6 2.6 Opening an Existing File 2-7 2.7 Saving and closing 2-7 2.8 Saving Technology Specifications from a Design 2-8 2.9 Loading Technology Files 2-8 2.10 Selecting and Unselecting Elements 2-9 2.11 Place and select modes .....2-9 2.12 Searching for Design Elements 2-10 Ultiboard User guide nL. com User Guide book Page iii Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM 2.13 Options for viewing the design .2-11 2.13.1 Using the Full Screen 2-1 2.13.2 Magnifying and Shrinking the view ..,2-11 2.13.3 Refreshing the design 2-12 2.13.4 Tool-tip label 2-12 3. Setting Up a Design 3.1 Working with Layers 3.1.1 Defining Copper Layers 3-2 3.1.2 Accessing Layers ,,,,,,,3-3 3.2 Working with the Board outline 3-5 3.2.1 Using the Drawing Tools to Create a board outline 3.2.2 Importing a DXF File 3 3.2.3 Using a Pre-Defined Board Outline 3-6 3.2.4 Using the Board Wizard 3-6 3.3 Setting the Board's Reference Point 3-10 3.4 Design Rule Errors 3-1 3.5 Working with the group editor 3-12 4. Working with Parts 4.1 Placing Parts ..4-2 4.1.1 Dragging components from outside the board outline 4-2 4.1.2 Using the Parts tab in the Spreadsheet View 4.1.2.1 Using the Parts Tab to Place Pa 4-4 4.1.2.2 Using the Parts tab for other Functions 4.13 Tools to assist part placement 4-5 4.1.3.1 Working with Ratsnests 4-5 4.1.3.2 Working with Force Vectors 4-6 4.1.3.3 Dragging Components 4-7 4.1.3.4 Shoving Components 4.1.3.5 Using Ruler Bars and Guides .4-10 4.1.3.6 Orienting Components 4-10 4.1.3.7 Aligning Components 4-11 4.1.3.8 Spacing Components 4-11 4.1.3.9 Placing a Group Array be 4-12 4.1.3. 10 Replicating a group 4-14 National Instruments corporation Itiboard User guide User Guide book Page iv Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16P 4.1.4 Unplacing Pal 4-16 4.2 Viewing and Editing Properties 画 ..,,4-16 42.1 Attributes 4-16 4.2.2 Viewing and Editing Component Properties ,,,,,,,4-18 4.2.3 Viewing and Editing Attributes ..4-20 4.2.4 Viewing and Editing Shape/Graphics Properties 4-21 4.3 Placing other Elements 翻 .4-22 4.3.1 Placing Mounting Holes and Connectors ...4-23 4.3.2 Placing Holes 4-23 4.3. 3 Placing Shapes and Graphics 4-23 4.3.4 Working with Jumpers 4-24 4.3.4.1 Placing Jumpers 4-24 4.3.4.2 Viewing and Editing Jumper Properties 4-25 4.3.5 Working with Test Points .4-26 4.3.5. 1 Placing Test Points 4-26 4.3.5.2 Viewing and Editing Test Point Properties .4-27 4.3.6 Working with Dimensions ....∴..4-27 4.3.6. 1 Placing Dimensions 4-27 4.3.6.2 Viewing and Editing Dimension Properties 4-28 4.4 Placing Parts from the Database 4-30 4.5 Editing Components and Shapes 4-31 4.5.1 Editing a Placed Part(In-Place Edit) 4-31 4.5.2 Editing a Polygon ...,,,...,4-33 4.5.3 Viewing and Editing Through Hole Pin Properties 4-34 4.5. 4 Viewing and Editing SMT Pin Properties 4-36 4.6 Searching For and Replacing Components 4-38 4.6.1 Searching for Parts in Open Designs 4-38 4.6.2 Locating a Part in a Design 4-39 4.6.3 Replacing Parts 4-39 Cross-probing 4- 40 4.8 Creating New Parts 4-40 4.8.1 Using the Database Manager to Create a Part 4-40 4.8.2 Using the Component Wizard to Create a Part 4-41 4. 9 Managing the database 4-44 4.9. 1 Working with Database Categories 4-47 4. 9. 2 Adding Parts to the Database ..4-48 4.9.2. 1 Adding Parts using the Database Manager 4-48 4.9.2.2 Adding parts using the add selection to database command. 4-49 Ultiboard User guide User Guide book Page v Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16 PM 4.10 Merging and converting Databases ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.4-49 4.10. 1 Merging Databases 4.10.2 Converting 2001 or V7 Databases .4-51 5. Working with Traces and Copper 5.1 acin g races 5.1.1 Working with Traces 5.1.2 Placing a Trace: Manual method 5-3 5.1.3 Placing a Trace: "Follow Me"Method 5-4 5.1.4 Placing a Trace: Connection Machine Method ...5-4 5.1.5 Placing a bus 5-5 5.1.6 Working with density bars 5.1.7 Working with Keep-in/Keep-out Areas 5-7 5. 1.7.1 Placing Keep-in/Keep-out Areas 5-7 5. 1.7.2 Viewing and Editing Keep-in/Keep-out Properties 5-7 5.1.8 Equi-Spacing Traces 5-9 5.1. 9 Deleting a Trace 5.2 Working with Other Copper Elements ...5-10 5.2.1 Placing Copper Areas ,,,,,5-10 5.2.2 Placing Powerplanes ,,,,,,,,5-10 5.2.3 Splitting Copper 5-11 5.2.4 Converting a Copper Shape to an Area 5-11 5. 2.5 Deleting All Copper ...5-12 5.2.6 Adding and Removing Teardrops 5-12 5.3 Viewing and Editing Copper Properties ..,.5-13 54 Working withⅥias. .5-15 5.4.1 Placing vias 5-15 5.4.2 Viewing and editing via properties 5-16 5.5 Placing SMD Fanouts 5-18 5.6 Working with Nets 5-19 5.6.1 Using the Nets Tab .,,,,,,,,,,,.5-20 5.6.2 Using the netlist edite 5-21 5.6.2.1 Adding a Net 5-22 5.6.2.2 Renaming a Net 5-26 5.6.2.3 Removing a net 5-26 5.6.2.4 Deleting a Pin from a Net ..5-27 5.6.2.5 Setting Net Widths 5-28 5.6.2.6 Setting High Speed Parameter 5-29 National Instruments corporation Ultiboard User guide User Guide book Page vi Tuesday, November 28, 2006 1: 16P 5.6.2.7 Setting Miscellaneous Net Parameters 5-30 5.6.2.8 Setting Group Parameters 5.6.2. 9 Setting Via Parameters 5-31 5.6.3 Highlighting a Net 5-32 5.6.4 Shielding Nets .,,..,5-32 6.5 Net bridges 5-33 5.6.5.1 Creating a Net Bridge 5-33 5.6.5.2 Placing a Net Bridge 翻 .5-35 5.6.6 Copying a Copper Route 5-36 5.7 Swapping Pins and Gates 5-37 5.7.1 wapping Pins 5-37 5.7.2 Swapping Gates 5-38 5.7.3 Automatic Pin/Gate Swapping 5-39 5.7.4 Real-Time Pin/Gate Swapping 5-40 6. PCB Calculators 6.1 PCB Transmission Line calculator 6-1 6.1.1 Microstrip Trace Calculations ...6-2 6.1.2 Embedded Microstrip Trace Calculations 6-3 6.1.3 Centered Stripline T race Calculations 6-4 6.1.4 Asymmetric Stripline Trace Calculations 6-5 6.1.5 Dual Stripline Trace Calculations 6-6 6.2 PCB Differential Impedance Calculator 6-7 6.2.1 Microstrip Calculations 6.2.2 Embedded Microstrip Calculations .68 ...,6-10 6.2.3 Centered stripline calculations 6-11 6.2.4 Asymmetric Stripline Calculations ....6-13 7. Autorouting and Autoplacement 7.1 Autoroute menu items 7-2 7.2 Autoplacement of Parts 7-3 7.2.1 Pre-Placing Parts 7-3 7.2.2 Understanding How the Autoplacer Works 7.2.3 Running the autoplacer 7-4 7.2.4 Controlling the autoplay 7-4 7.2.5 Strategies to Achieve Better Part Placement 7-6

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