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How to Write a Good Scientific Paper 怎样写好科研文章
How to Write a Cood Scientific paber Library of Congress Preassigned Control Number: 2017964213 r How to write a good scientific paper (IsBn 9781510619135) Published b SPIE P O. BOX 10 Bellingham, Washington 98227-0010 USA Phone:+1360.676.3290 Fax:+1360.647.1445 Email: books(@spie. org Web:http://spIe.org Copyright o 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers(SPIE All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means without written permission of the publisher The content of this book reflects the work and thought of the author Every effort has been made to publish reliable and accurate information herein, but the publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon Printed in the United States of America First printing SPI。 How to Write a Cood Scientific paper Chris a, mack SPIE PRESS Bellingham, Washington USA Contents Preface Chapter1 Getting started,,…,,… ■■■■■■■面 1.1 Why Write and Publish a Paper? 1. 2 The Literature Search 1.3 Plan and Execute Research with Publication in Mind 1.4 Conclusions ·“·垂 R eferences.. ·· Chapter2 Structure and organization…… The Standard Structure of a Scientific Paper............5 2.2 Introductio Method 2. 4 Results and discussion 8 2.5 Conclusie 2.6 The Structures of Papers in the Journal of micro / Nanolithography MEMS and mOems 2.7 Conclusions References 10 Chapter 3 Language and styl ■■■■■■■■国■■■国■ 3. 1 Some books on style The Scientific style 13 3.2.1 Truth…13 3.2.2 Presentation 13 3. 2. 4 Cast ··自曲· 14 3.2.5 Thought and language…………….….……….….…….1 3.3 Writing in the Scientific Style... Acronyms…………… 3.5 Conclusions ····;··. 18 References 18 Chapter4 Figures and Tables.…,…,…,…,…,…,…,…19 4 The Goals of Using Figures 4.2 Errors in Graphs........ ····· 20 4.3 Graphical integrity g 21 4.4 A Few guidelines Contents 4. 5 The x-y Scatterplot 24 4.5.1 The x-y scatterplot in 452 Other scatterplot examples…… 27 4.6 Figure Quality from a Production Standpoint...........30 4.7 Tables……… 4.8 Example: Figures and Tables in J .······· Conclusions 垂· 32 References 34 Chapter 5 Citations ■■■■■■■圆 35 5.1 The Five goals of citations 35 5.2 The Literature Search 36 5.3 Verify verify. verify 37 5.4 Other Problems with Citations. ....................................................37 5.5 Mo Self-citations 5. 6 Conclusions 鲁· ···.·+· References Chapter6 Abstract and title…,,,,,,,…………41 Writing an ab 41 6.2 Structured Abstracts. 6.3 Important Additional Thoughts on Abstracts 45 6. 4 Titles 6.5 Keywords ··+++++·+, 47 6.6 Conclusions ,·音 ……48 Refer 48 Chapter 7 What an editor looks For 49 7.2 Quality.........,....49 Novelty 50 7.4 Significar 7.4.1 Measuring significance 7.4.2 In praise of the null result 7.5 Conclusions ...·...... Refe 55 Chapter 8 Picking the right Journal 57 The Specialization Spectrum 8.2 Reading in the Age of Search Engines 59 8.3 Avoiding the Wrong Journal 60 8.4 Conclusions ··.···· ∴61 R eferences 62 Contents Chapter 9 Cover Letter..mamemeeIela 63 The Purpose of the Cover Letter 63 9.2 A Structured Cover Letter 4 9.3 Conclusions Chapter 10 The Editorial Review Process 67 10.1 The Goals of peer review 67 10.2 Characteristics of a Well-Done Review ·········;······ 68 10.3 The Peer-Review Process at JM3 .69 10.4R 2 10.5 Criticisms of the peer-Review process 73 10.6 Conclusions .74 References 74 Chapter 11 Review Articles.mm.... 75 11.1 What is a Review Article? ………………75 11.2 The Structure of a Review article 76 11. 3 What Makes a Review article "G 77 11. 4 Conclusions 77 References 78 Chapter 12 The Ethics of Scientific Publication 79 12. 1 The Primary Ethic of Scientific Publication ...............................79 12.2 Author re ibilities before publi 12.3 Author Responsibilities during the peer-Review Process....80 12.4 Author Responsibilities after Publication 12.5 Conclusions References 82 Chapter13 Authorship……………83 13.1 Defining Authorship ·,,·;;···垂 83 13.2 No Guests or ghosts .86 13.3 Do Not Forget the Acknowledgments 87 13.4 Author Order…………… 87 13.5 Authorship within JMS 8 13.6 Conclusions 89 References Chapter 14 Plagiarism.mammae.en. ■■■■■■■■■■口■■■■■■■■■■■■■■口■■■ 91 14.1 Copying Another's Ide 91 14.2 Copying Another's Images 92 14.3 Copying another’ s Words… ∴92 14.4 Duplicate Publication, or Self.- Plagiarism………… ∴93 14.5 Cultural issues. ...............................................................................93 VIll Contents 14.6 Conclusions 94 References… 95 Chapter 15 Double publication 97 Something old. something new 97 15.2 The role of conference Proceedings……………….9 15.3 Conclusions 99 Chapter 16 Editorial Ethics ■■ 101 16.1 Editors'responsibilities…… 101 16.2 Conclusions............... 103 References 103 Appendix: a Checklist for editors, Reviewers, and Authors………105

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