IPv6 Essentials, 3rd Edition.pdf

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Praise for /Pv6 essentials third edition Silvia easily distills complexity out of iPv6 to make it accessible to everyone Latif laid President, International ipv6 forum The best vendor-independent IPv6 book available: unpretentious, casual, and powerful Joe klein CEO Disrupt6, and Security SME for the IPv6 Forum ilvia's ability to capture IPv6 in such detail while considering the business and market drivers really sets the stage for deployment, discovery, and innovation. IPv6 Essentials is a go-to resource for all of our students and employees, providing a foundation for the next generation of engineers Erica Johnson Director, University of New Hampshire InterOperability Lab As IPv6 enters mainstream deployment around the world, ipv6 Essentials is more essential than ever. This update contains critical new information for any network professional involved in transitioning a network from IPv4 to IPv6 Mark townsle Cisco fellow HIRD EDITION IPv6 Essentials Silvia hage Beijing· Cambridge.mham·Kh· Sebastopol. TokyoOREILLY Pv6 Essentials, Third edition by Silvia Hagen Copyright C 2014 Silvia Hagen. All rights reserved Printed in the United States of america Published by o reilly media, InC., 1005 Gravenstein Highway North, Sebastopol, CA 95472 OReilly books may be purchased for educational, business, or sales promotional use Online editions are alsoavailableformosttitles(http://my.safaribooksonline.com).fOrmoreinformation,contactourcorporate institutionalsalesdepartment800-998-9938orcorporate@oreilly.com Editors: Mike Loukides and Meghan blanchette Indexer: Ellen troutman Production editor: Kara ebrahim Cover Designer: Randy comer Copyeditor: Kiel Van Horn Interior Designer: David Futato Proofreader: Rachel Monaghan strator: Rebecca demarest June 2014 Third edition Revision history for the Third Edition: 2014-06-05 First release Seehttp://oreilly.com/catalog/errata.csp?isbn=9781449319212forreleasedetails Nutshell Handbook, the Nutshell Handbook logo, and the O Reilly logo are registered trademarks ofo reill Media, InC. IPv6 Essentials, Third Edition, the image of a rigatella snail, and related trade dress are trademarks of O Reilly Media, Inc Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and O Reilly Media, Inc was aware ofa trademark claim, the designations have been printed in caps or initial caps While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein ISBN:978-1-449-31921-2 Table of contents Foreword Prefab 1. Why lPv6? The History of IPv6 What's New in Ipv6? Why Do We Need IPv6? Common Misconceptions When is it Time for ipv6? IPv6 Status and Vendor Support 14 Ref 14 RFCS 15 2. IPv6 Addressing.. The IPv6 Address Space Address Types 18 Unicast, Multicast, and anycast Addresses 19 Some general rules 19 Address notation 20 Prefix Notation 21 Global routing prefixes 22 Global Unicast Address 23 International Registry Services and Current Address Allocations 23 So How Large Is This Address Space Again? 24 The Interface ID 25 Address privacy 27 Special Addresses 28 IPv6 Addresses with embedded iPv4 Addresses 29 6to4 Addresses 6rd Addresses ISATAP Addresses 31 Teredo addresses 32 Cryptographically Generated Addresses Link-Local and Unique Local IPv6 Addresses 33 Anycast Address 35 Multicast address 37 Well-Known multicast addresses 39 Solicited-Node multicast Address 41 Mapping Multicast Addresses to MAC Addresses 42 Dynamic Allocation of Multicast Addresses 42 Required Addresses 44 Default address selection References RF Drafts 48 3. The structure of the lpv6 protocol General Header Structure 49 The fields in the ipv6 header 51 Extension Headers Hop-by-Hop Options Header 57 Routing header 60 Fragment Header 62 Destination Options Header New Extension header Format 68 Processing of Extension Headers and Header Chain Length References RFCS Drafts 4. CMPV6 73 General Message Format ICMP Error Messages Destination Unreachable 78 Packet Too big 79 Time exceeded Parameter Problem 81 ICMP Informational Messages 82 Echo Request Message 82 Echo reply 83 Processing Rules 84 ⅵi| Table of contents The ICmpv6 header in a Trace file Neighbor discovery 87 Router solicitation and router advertisement 89 Neighbor Solicitation and Neighbor Advertisement 92 The ICMP Redirect Message 94 Inverse Neighbor Discovery Neighbor Discovery options 95 Secure Neighbor Discovery 7 Router advertisement in the Trace file 98 Link-Layer Address Resolution 99 Neighbor Unreachability Detection 100 Neighbor Cache and Destination Cache 100 Neighbor Discovery and fragmentation 102 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration (SLAAC) 102 Network renumbering g 108 Path MTU Discovery 109 Multicast Listener Discovery MLDVI 112 MLDV2 113 Multicast Router Discovery References 118 RFCS Drafts 121 5. Networking Layer 2 Support for IPv6 123 Ethernet(rFc 2464) 124 Point-to-Point Protocol (RFC 5072) 126 IEEE802.154(RFC4944 127 ATM(RFC 2492) 128 Frame Relay (rfc 2590) 128 pper-Layer Protocols 128 UDP/TCP and Checksums 128 Multicast 130 Multicast Addressing 131 Group Membership Management 131 Multicast Layer 2 Protocols 132 Multicast Routing 132 Protocol Independent multicast 132 Routing protocols 133 The Routing table 134 RIPng 137 Table of Contents OSPF for IPv6(OSPFv3) 139 Routing ipv6 with IS-IS 142 EIGRP for ipv6 142 BGP-4 Support for IPve 143 Routing Protocol Choices for Network Designs with IPv6 144 Quality of service 146 QoS Basics 147 QoS in IPv6 Protocols 149 P rovisioning 153 DHCP 154 DNS 173 References 180 RFCS 180 Draft 185 6. Security with IPv6................ 187 General Security Concepts 187 eneral Security Practices 188 IPsec basics 190 Security associations 190 Key management 191 IPv6 Security elements 194 Authentication Header 195 Encapsulating Security Payload Header 198 Combination of ah and esp 200 Interaction of ipsec with ipv6 elements 201 IPv6 Security Gotchas 201 Native ipv6 202 Transition and Tunneling mechanisms 208 Enterprise Security Models for IPv6 210 The New model 210 Using Directory Services for Controlling Access 211 IPv6 Firewall Filter rules 212 Refe 213 RFCS 213 Drafts 217 7. Transition Technologies.......................... 219 Dual-Stack 220 Tunneling Techniques 221 How Tunneling Works 222 Automatic Tunneling 226 I Table of Contents

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