Newnes.ZigBee.Wireless.Networks.and.Transceivers.Sep.2008.eBook-DDU

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This page intentionally left blank ZigBee Wireless Networks and Tr ascelvers Shahin farahan AMSTERDAM· BOSTON· HEIDELBERG· LONDON NEW YORK· OXFORD· PARIS· SAN DIEGO LE N SAN FRANCISCO. SINGAPORE. SYDNEY. TOKYO ELSEVIER Newnes is an imprint of Elsevier Newnes Newnes is an imprint of Elsevier 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA O1803, USA Linacre house Jordan hill. Oxford oX2 8DP UK Copyright o 2008, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Exception Certain materials contained herein are reprinted with the permission of Microchip Technology Incorporated. No further reprints or reproductions may be made of said materials without Microchip Technology Inc,s prior written consent No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier's Science Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (144)1865 843830, fax:(144)1865 853333 E-mail:permissions@elsevier.com.Youmayalsocompleteyourrequest onlineviatheelsevierhomepage(http://www.elsevier.com),byselectin Support Contact""Copyright and Permission"and then"Obtaining Permissions Recognizing the importance of preserving what has been written, Elsevier prints its books on acid-free paper whenever possible Library of Congress Cataloging- in-Publication Data Application submitted British Library Cataloguing- in-Publication Dat A catalogue record for this book is available from the british library ISBN:978-0-7506-8393-7 For information on all Newnes publications visitourwebsiteatwww.bookselsevier.com 08091011121310987654321 Printed in the united states of america Working together to grow libraries in developing countries www.elsevier.comIwww.bookaid.orgIwww.sabre.org elsevier BOokA Sabre Foundation o my famI y y This page intentionally left blank Contents orewords999999999999999999999.. Preface…………………………………xwi Abbreviations 。。。。。XX Chapter 1 ZigBee Basics 1.1 What is zig bee?………………… 2 Zigbee versus bluetooth and ieee 802.11 1. 3 Short-Range Wireless networking classes 4 The relationship between Zig Bee and Ieee802.15.4 Standards……………4 1. 5 Frequencies of Operation and data rates 1.6 Interoperability 8 7 Device Types… 8 Device roles 1.9 ZigBee Networking Topologies 1.10啁 ig Bee and IEeE⑧02.154 Communication basics…………………...12 1.10.2 Beacon- Enabled vs. Nonbeacon Networking……"….………12 1.10.1 CSMA-CA 1.10.3 Data Transfer Methods 13 10.4 Data verification 1. 10.5 Addressins 1.11 Association and Disassociation. ................................................................................16 1.12 Binding…………………………… 13 ZigBee self-Forming and self-Healing characteristics 16 1. 14 Zigbee and ieee 802.15.4 Networking layer functions..............17 1.14.1 PHY Layer 14.2 MAC Layer 19 1.14.3 The nwK layer…………………….……….….….…….……….………21 1. 14.4 The APl layer 22 1.14.5 Security…… 22 Www.hewnespRess.com i Contents 1. 15 The Zigbee gateway 23 16 Zigbee metaphe p or 23 Referen 23 Chapter 2 ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 Networking Examples...... 25 2.1 Home automation 25 2. 1.1 Security Systems 2.1.2 Meter-Reading Systems……….….……………………26 2.1.3 Irrigation Systems 27 2.1.4 Light Control Systems....….….….…. 27 2.1.5 Multizone hvac systems……8 2. 2 Consumer Electronics: Remote control 29 2.3 Industrial automation 29 2.3.1 Asset management and personnel tracking................... 29 2.3.2 Livestock Tracking…… 30 2.4 Healthcare 31 2.5 Other Applications 32 2.5. 1 Hotel Guest Room access 32 Fire extinguisher ····:· 32 References 32 Chapter 3 ZigBee and IEEE 802.15. 4 Protocol Layers 33 3.1 Zig Bee and IEEE 802.15.4 Networking Layers 33 3.2 The ieee 802. 15. 4 PhY Specifications........................ 34 3.2. 1 Channel Assignments……….…….….….….………….34 3.2.2 Energy Detection………………………36 3.2.3 Carrier Sense 36 3.2.4 Link Quality Indicator….….….….….……………37 3.2.5 Clear Channel assessment 37 3.2.6 The phy Constants and attributes 38 3.2.7 PHY Services ...............................................................................................39 3.2.8 The Service Primitives .42 3.2.9 PHY Packet Format 3.2.10 Summary of the Phy layer responsibilities ∴146 3. 3 IEEE 802. 15.4 MAC Layer 47 3.3.1 Beacon- Enabled Operation and Superframe Structure………… 48 3.3.2 The Interframe Spacing…….51 3.3.3 CSMA-CA 52 3.3.4 MAC Services 56 3.3.5 The mac frame Format. 3.3.6 The MAC Promiscuous Mode of Operation 78 3.3.7 Summary of the MAC Layer Responsibilities Www.newnespRess.com Contents X 34 The Zig Bee nWK layer……… .80 3.4. I Broadcasting………………………………… .81 34.2 Multicasting… 83 3.4.3 Many-to-One Communication......................85 3.4.4 Hierarchical(Tree) Topology.……….….…….…….….……86 34.5 Mesh Topology… 3.4.6 Routing 990 3.4.7 Route discovery 004 3.4.8 Route Maintenance and repair 97 3.4.9 The nwK layer Data Service 98 3.4.10 The nWK Layer Management Service…………….….….....99 3.4.11 The nwK layer Frame Formats 102 3.4.12 Summary of the nWK Layer Responsibilities 3. 5 The APL layer 110 3.5.1 The Application Framework 3.5.2 The Zig Bee Device Objects…………. 17 3.5.3 The APs Sublayer.. 119 3.54 Summary of the aPl Layer responsibilities……… 122 3.6 Security Services 122 3.6.1 Encryption 123 3.6.2 Authentication 126 3.6.3 The Auxiliary Frame Header Format.………………………129 3.6.4 The APS Sublayer Security Commands 130 3.6.5 Security Attack examples 133 3.6.6 Summary of the Security Services……….………………….134 References 135 Chapter4 Transceiver Requirements……………………137 4.1 Typical IEEE802.15.4 Transceiver Building Blocks…………137 4.2 Receiver Sensitivity………….….…….….….….….….….….….….….….….…...….139 4.3 Adjacent and Alternate Channel-Jamming Resistance Tests 140 4.4 The Modulation and Spreading methods for 2. 4 GHz Operation......... 142 4.5 Modulation and Spreading methods for 868/915 MHz Operation 150 4.6 Transmitter Output Power 155 46.1 Power Spectral Density Limits……………………… 15 4.6.2 Transmit Power Adjustment…… 156 4.7 Error Vector Magnitude …4157 4.8 Symbol Timing 158 4.9 Frequency Offset Tolerance…… .158 4.10 Turnaround Time 158 4. 11 Crystal Selection Considerations............ 159 4.11. 1 Safety Factor 161 4.11.2 Drive level 162 Www.hewnespRess.com

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