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IxChariot® User Guide Release 7.10 This manual provides a complete reference for IxChariot users who need to: • Set up an IxChariot test network. • Define IxChariot tests. • Schedule and execute IxChariot tests. • Analyze the test results obtained from IxChariot tests.
Table of contents lxChariot@ User Guide Chapter 1 About This Guide Purpose Manual content 1-2 What's new in xchariot 7.10 sp4 Version 7. 10 SP4 Compatibility Considerations 1-4 Test files 1-4 Script files 1-4 Socket bu仟fers....,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.1-4 Deconfigure Ports Feature Compatibility RUNTST and FMTTST Programs 1-5 Related documentation 1-5 Technical Support......,.,,,.,,,,.,,,.,1-6 Ix Chariot User Guide, Release 7.10 Table of contents Chapter 2 IX Chariot Operational Overview lXChariot Test network overview I x Chariot Network Topology ..2-2 Using Ixia Ports as Endpoints 2-3 Transport protocols Used in an lx Chariot Test network ..2-4 lXChariot Test process overview 2-5 Major steps in running a Test...............2-5 Stages of a Test run ..2-6 lX Chariot port numbers 2-6 What is an lx chariot Test?...,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2-7 lx Chariot endpoint pair Types 2-7 IX Chariot Scripts and Streams 2-8 Scripts 2-8 Streams 2-9 Timing records 2-10 Data Contained in Timing Records............ 2-11 Timing Record Collection ..,..2-11 Running a Test for a Fixed Duration 2-12 How Long Can a Test Run? ......2-13 For more Information .2-13 Chapter 3 Getting Started with the chAriot Console User Interface Starting the lX Chariot Console Test Window Overview 3-2 Floating menus 3-3 For more Information Test window menus 3-4 The file menu 3-4 The edit menu .,3-5 The View Menu IV IxChariot User guide Release 7.10 Table of contents XIXI The run menu ....3-10 The Tools menu 3-10 Changing Global User Settings and Display Fonts .,,3-12 The Window menu .3-12 The help menu 3-13 Test window status bar 3-14 Test Window Shortcut Keys 3-15 Toolbar icons 3-16 Chapter 4 Using Ixia Test Ports Requirements for Using Ixia Ports in lX Chariot Tests Ixia Chassis Software Requirements 1 4-2 Ixia Chassis Chain Requirements ..,4-2 Ixia Load Modules Supported 4-2 xia port access restriction 4-4 Stack Manager .,,,,,,,,,.4-4 TCP Ports 6809 and 2809 4-4 Limitations on NAT Usage ..4-4 Theory of Operation 4-5 Single Network Operation 4-6 Two Network Configuration 4-7 Setting up Ixia Ports 4-7 Using Stack Manager to Configure and assign xia ports . 4-8 Planning 4-8 For more informati 4-9 Step by Step Operations .,,4-9 Configuring Static IP Addresses........... 4-12 Configuring Dynamic IP Addresses .4-13 Removing IP Interfaces from a Port Group 4-14 Disabling IP Interfaces in a Port G 4-14 Using Stack Manager to Configure VLANS 4-20 lx Chariot User Guide, Release 7.10 Table of contents Using Vlans with Hardware performance Pairs.......4-20 Using VLANs With Regular Pairs ..4-21 Using an AFD1 in an lX Chariot Test Network 4-23 Physical Setup.....,.….,.,.....4-23 About the afd 1 :..:..:.:1.::·:.:· 4-23 Chassis Connection .,,,,,,,,,,,,.,4-24 Worldwide synchronization ....4-24 Setting the Transmit Delay 量1 4-25 Management Address Configuration ..,4-27 Clock Synchronization ,,,,,,,,,,,.,4-28 Configuring Routes 4-29 Configure Routes in Stack Manager 4-29 Configure Routes on Each Chassis 4-30 Chapter 5 How To Network Protocol Configuration ,,5-2 Choosing protocols for Use in Tests .5-2 Communication Between the Console and Endpoint 1 5-2 Communication Between Endpoints..... .5-2 Test setup Communications IPX and SPX Configuration 5-3 IPX/SPX Aliases Add|P×/ SPX AlIases. 5-3 Modify iPX/sPX Aliases 5-4 Determining your iPX Network Address in Windows 5-4 TCP Configuration 5-5 Determining Your IP Network Address 5-5 Sockets port number ∪ DP Configuration.. 5-6 How to select rfc 768 UDP ..5-6 UDP Protocol Compatibility.................... 5-6 Comparison of UDP Statistics Measures ............... 5-7 RTP Configuration 5-7 RTP Header RTP Header Timestamp .5-8 Setting the RTP Timestamp Option 5-9 RTP Port numbers 59 Determining Packet Sizes..…… ..5-10 Ix Chariot User Guide, Release 7.10 Table of contents XIXI IPV6 Configuration and Testing 5-10 IPy6 Test module features ..5-10 Endpoint Support for IPv6 5-10 General Information about Pv6 5-10 The iPv6 header .5-11 Tips for Running Tests with the IPv6 Test Module 5-12 Mixing IPv4 and IPv6 Addresses ....5-12 IPV6 addressing 5-13 Zone IDs 5-13 Loopback Testing 5-14 Configuring Your Equipment for IPv6 Testing 5-14 Windows Contiguration 5-14 Linux Configuration .,,,,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,.,,.,.,5-15 Router Configuration............. ...,,...5-16 Creating and Running Tests 5-17 Test Execution methods ,5-17 Before Running a lest 5-18 Setting options for Initialization Failure ..5-18 Initiating Test Execution ..,,,,,5-19 Adding or Editing an Endpoint Pair 5-19 Network protocol 5-22 Confirmation Messages for Endpoint Pair Edits .5-23 Use of IPv6 addresses for endpoint 1 ..,,..5-23 Adding or Editing a Hardware Performance Pair ...,5-23 Cloning Hardware Performance Pairs 5-25 Replicating pairs 5-25 Sorting and Grouping Pairs 5-26 Adding or Editing a Multicast Group ......5-27 Multicast Script Selection 5-30 Replicating a Multicast Group 5-30 Stopping a running Test .5-31 Running a Traceroute .....5-32 Bandwidth Considerations 5-33 Test set .....,5-33 Test results 5-34 Creating Application Group Tests 5-35 Application Groups Delivered with lX Chariot 5-35 Creating a Test from an Application Group 5-35 Ix Chariot User Guide, Release 7.10 VII Table of contents Importing an Application Group 5-35 Creating and saving the Test 5-35 Replacing Host Addresses in an Application Group 5-36 For detailed Information 5-36 Using Test Scheduler 5-37 Scheduling a test 5-37 Modifying a Test Schedule 5-40 Stopping a Test During Execution 5-40 Removing an Entry from the calendar .,,,5-41 Viewing Messages for a Scheduled Test .,,,,,,,,,,,..,.5-41 Obtaining Test Results 5-41 Test status Indicators 5-42 Comparing Test Results ,,,,5-43 Comparing Tests 5-43 Saving a comparison 5-44 Save Comparison as 5-45 Opening a Saved Comparison .5-45 Comparison Window menus and shortcut Keys 5-45 Comparison Window-File Menu...... .5-45 Comparison Window-Edit Menu ..,5-46 Comparison Window-View Menu 5-47 Comparison Window-Window menu ...,,..,,,,,,,,.......5-47 The help Mel 5-47 Shortcut Keys for the comparison window .5-47 Encrypting Setup Flows .5-49 Description 5-49 Configuring Encrypted Setup Flows............5-49 Ix Chariot Encryption Compatibility Scenarios........5-50 If xChariot Console is pre-630 5-51 isplaying Encryption Setting 5-51 Modifying the TCP Window size 5-52 Purpose of the tcP Sliding Window.,.......... 5-52 The TCP Window Scale option ..5-52 Buffer Types in IX Chariot Application Scripts 5-53 Calculating the Correct TCP Window Size 5-54 Setting the TCP Window Size in an lX Chariot Script ..5-54 Sample Bandwidth Delay Product Values 5-56 IxChariot User guide. Release 7.10 Table of contents XIXI Editing Script Variables 5-57 Opening the Script for Editing 5-57 Editing a Script Variable.......,......... 5-57 Saving the script Modifications .,,,.,5-59 For more Information 5-60 Exporting and Printing Results 5-60 Printing Options 5-60 Export Options 5-62 Export Options for CSV Files ...,5-63 Custom Printing and Export Options 5-64 Output Templates 5-65 Command-Line Programs 5-67 RUNTST: Running Tests ...,....5-67 Using RUNTST for Stress and Regression Testing 5-69 FMTLOG: Formatting Binary Error Logs .5-69 FMTTST: Formatting Test Results ■重■ 5-70 CLONETST: Replicating Pairs in a Test ...5-72 Using CLONETST to Add Flexibility 5-74 Visual Test Designer ,,,,,,,,5-75 Getting Starte 5-75 Use Ixia Network Configurations 5-77 Create or Edit an endpoint ,,,,,,,,5-77 Create or Edit a Hardware Performance Endpoint ■重 5-79 Create or Edit a Group of Endpoints 5-79 Create or edit connectors ..5-80 Normal endpoints pairs 5-80 Hardware Performance endpoints pairs 5-82 Create or edit a volP connector 5-83 Normal volP Endpoints pairs 5-83 VolP Hardware Performance Endpoints Pairs 5-84 Create or edit a multicast connection 5-85 Create Multiple Endpoints 5-86 Saving Test Designer Definitions 5-87 Export and run a test 5-87 Viewing Diagram Objects, Toolbars, and Windows 5-88 Shortcut Keys for the Test Designer 5-89 Ix Chariot User Guide, Release 7.10 Table of contents Chapter 6 IX Chariot User Settings Accessing the User Settings 6-2 Run Options Defaults Tab 6-2 Performance Testing 6-2 How to end a test run 6-3 How to Report Timings 6-4 Polling the Endpoints .,,,6-6 lock synchronization 6-7 Management Quality of Service 6-9 Qos during the Three-Way Handshake 6-10 Miscellaneous Run options 6-12 Error Handling Defaults Tab 6-14 Datagram Tab 6-16 Non-Streaming Script Options ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,6-17 treaming Script Options 6-17 Options for RTP Traffic 6-17 Data Rate optimization options 6-17 When To Use data Rate Optimization .6-18 Using a data rate limit greater than 100 .6-19 Data Rate Optimization Limitations 6-19 Endpoint pair defaults Tab 6-19 VolP Pair defaults tab 6-21 HPP Defaults Tab 6-23 ∨o| P HPP Defaults tab 6-23 Video pair defaults tab 6-24 IPTV Defaults tab 6-26 Application Groups Tab 6-27 lx Chariot User Guide. Release 7.10

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