NI官方视觉概念手册

所需积分/C币:29 2014-05-08 14:50:50 15.76MB PDF

NI官方视觉概念手册 ,labview等相关
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THE USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER MUST TAKE REASONABLY PRUDENT STEPS TO PROTECT AGAINST SYSTEM FAILURES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO BACK-LP OR SHUT DOWN MECHANISMS BECAUSE EACI END-USER SYSTEM IS CUSTOMIZED AND DIFFERS TFROM NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS TESTING COMBINATION WITH OTHER PRODUCTS IN A MANNER NOT EVALUATED OR CONTEMPLATED BY NATIONAL C"TS IN PLATFORMS AND BECAUSE A USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER MAY USE NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS PRODU INSTRUMENTS. THE USER OR APPLICATION DESIGNER IS ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR VERIFYING AND VALIDATING THE SUITABILITY OF NATIONAL INSTRUMEN TS PRODUCTS WHENEVER NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS PRODUCTS ARE NCORPORATED IN A SYSTEM OR APPLICATION INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION. THE APPROPRIATE DESIC PROCESS AND SAFETY LEVEL OF SUCH SYSTEM OR APPLICATION Contents About this manual Related Documentation IX PART Vision basics Chapter 1 Digital Images Definition of a digital image. Properties of a Digitized Ii Image resolution ..M Image Definition.................. .1-2 Number of planes nage Type Grayscale Images 1-4 Color I Complex images ……………1-5 re fi l-6 Internal Representation of an ni vision Image Image b 1-8 Mask l-10 When to Use 1-10 Concepts 1-10 Chapter 2 Display mage Display.... ·; Concepts In-Depth Disci 2-2 Display Modes… Mapping methods for 16-Bit lmage displa When to Use Concepts C National Instruments Corporation V N/ Vision Concepts Manual Contents In-Depth Discussion........... Gray palette Temperature Palette 6 Rainbow palette .26 Gradient Pale 2-7 Binary palette “““+ Regions of Interest When to use 2-8 Concepts Nondestructive Overlay 2-10 C oncepts…… “·4 Chapter 3 System Setup and calibration Setting up your imaging s ystem Acquiring Quality Images Resolu Contrast Perspecti Distortion Spatial Calibration When to Use 3-7 C 3-8 Calibration process ““ 3-8 Coordinate system.... Calibration algorithm Calibration Quality Information 3-12 Image correction.… 3-14 Correction region 3-14 Simple calibration 3-16 Redefining a Coordinate Systen.…… 3-17 N/Vision Concepts Manual n. com Contents PART‖l Image Processing and analysis Chapter 4 Image Analysis Histogram When to Use Concepts 4-2 4-3 Cumulative histogram 4-3 Interpretation Histogram Scale 4-4 Histogram of Color Images 4-5 Line profile When to U Concepts Intensity m 4-6 When to Use 46 C 4-7 Chapter 5 Image Processing Lookup tables… Concepts Example 5-2 Predefined Lookup Tables 5-3 Logarithmic and Inverse Gamma Correction 5-3 Exponential and Gamma Correction …5-6 equali 5-8 Conⅴ olution kernels 5-10 Concepts.... patial Filtering…… Concepts 5-14 Spatial Filter Types summary 5-14 Linear filters 14 Nonlinear filte 5-27 In-Depth Discussion C National Instruments Corporation N/ Vision Concepts Manual Contents Nonlinear prewitt filte Nonlinear sobel filter Nonlinear gradient filter Roberts filter Differentiation Filter....................5-34 Sigma filter 5-34 Lowpass Filter…………….…. 5-34 taian 5-34 Nth order filter…5-34 Grayscale Morphology When to Use C oncepts……… “·4 36 Erosion function 5-36 Dilation function 5-36 Erosion and Dilation Examples. 6 Opening Function 5-37 Closing function....... 5-38 Opening and Closing Examples.....5-38 Proper-Opening Function 5-39 Proper-Closing function Auto-Median Function 5-3 In-Depth discussion 5-39 Erosion Concept and Mathematics…… 5-39 Dilation Concept and Mathematics......5-40 Proper-Opening Concept and Proper-Closing Concept and mathematics 41 Auto- Median Concept and mathematics……….…...….…..5-41 Chapter 6 Operators Introduction… 6-1 When to Use……………… .6-1 Concepts 6-1 Arithmetic Operators Logic and comparison operators Truth tables Example E de 2 6-6 N/Vision Concepts Manual n. com ontents Chapter 7 Frequency Domain Analysis Cond FFT Representation.... 7-3 Standard Representation 17-3 Optical representation 7-4 Lowpass FFT Filters 17-6 Lowpass attenuation Lowpass Truncation......... 7-7 Highpass FFT Filters… 17-8 Highpass Attenuation Highpass Truncation…… 79 Mask fft filters 7-11 In-Depth Discussion 7-11 F ourier Transform..… FFT Display… ··: 7-12 PARTⅢ Particle Analysis Introduction ….H-1 When to use I-2 Concepts…….….….….….….… II-2 Chapter 8 Image Segmentation Thresholding When to u Global Grayscale Thresholding…… When to use Concepts............ Manual threshold 8. Automatic threshold Global Color Thresholding…… 8-10 When to u 8-10 Concepts 8-10 Local threshold 8-12 When to u 8-12 Concepts .8-12 I-Depth Di 8-15 C National Instruments Corporation N/ Vision Concepts Manual Contents Thresholding Considerations…… 8-15 Morphological Segmentation 8-16 When to use 8-16 C 8-16 Watershed Transform 8-19 In-Depth discussion 8-20 Chapter 9 Binary Morphology Introduction 9-1 Structuring elements Concepts Structuring element Size 9-2 Structuring element values 9-3 Pixel Frame Shape 9-4 Connectivity 9-7 When to us 9-7 Concepts 9-7 In-Depth Discussion C lectivity Connectivity-8…. 99 Primary Morphology Operations 9 When to use 9-10 C 9-10 Erosion and dilation functions 9-10 Opening and Closing Functions…….……….….9-13 Inner gradient function 9-14 Outer gradient Function...................9-14 Hit-Miss Functie 9-14 Thinning function 9-16 Thickening function 9-18 Proper-Opening funct 9-19 Proper-Closing Functi 9-20 Auto-Median Function ........9-21 Advanced Morphology op 9-2 9-21 Concepts 9-22 Border function 9-22 Hole filling fi 9-2 Labeling functi 9-22 and Highpass Filters 9-2 Separation Function 9-24 N/Vision Concepts Manual n. com Contents Skeleton functions 9-25 Segmentation function 9-27 Distance function 9-28 Danielsson function 9-28 Circle function 9-30 Convex hull function “““+ 9-31 Chapter 10 Particle measurements Introduction l0-1 When to Use 10-1 Pixel measurements versus real-World measurements 10-1 Particle measurements 10-2 Particle Concepts... 10-3 Particle holes 10-5 Coordinates .10-7 Lengths , ......... .:·::::··“ 10-9 10-13 Quantities................... 10-14 Angles 10-14 Rat 10-16 Facto 10-16 Sums 10-17 Moments 10-18 PARTⅣV Machine vision chapter 11 Edge detection Introduction 4 …11-1 When to Us Gauging 11-2 Detection Alignment..... 11-3 11-4 Definition of an edge l1-4 Characteristics of an edge Edge detection methods .“ Simple edge .11-7 ady d edge detect 11-7 C National Instruments Corporation N/ Vision Concepts Manual

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wzq525135 不错 就是英文版
2014-12-27
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chenqingan 很好的文件,英文要耐心!
2014-08-17
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zouhongwu2008 谢谢,相当好。如果是中文的就更好了
2014-06-28
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o_special 谢谢 很有帮助
2014-05-26
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