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Internet Of Things

关于物联网的一些应用介绍,以及物联网范围内的新兴技术和无线传感器网络在物联网中的应用
2010-12-27 上传大小:11.92MB
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zhongbin1982 物联网方面非常经典的英文书。图文清晰,讲解透彻!
2013-07-17
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internet of things for architects

Internet of Things for Architects: Architecting IoT solutions by implementing sensors, communication infrastructure, edge computing, analytics, and security Learn to Design, Implement and secure your IoT infrastructure The Internet of Things (IoT) is the fastest growing technology market. Industries are embracing IoT technologies to improve operational expenses, product life, and people’s well-being. An architectural guide is necessary if you want to traverse the spectrum of technologies needed to build a successful IoT system, whether that’s a single device or millions of devices. This book encompasses the entire spectrum of IoT solutions, from sensors to the cloud. We start by examining modern sensor systems and focus on their power and functionality. After that, we dive deep into communication theory, paying close attention to near-range PAN, including the new Bluetooth® 5.0 specification and mesh networks. Then, we explore IP-based communication in LAN and WAN, including 802.11ah, 5G LTE cellular, SigFox, and LoRaWAN. Next, we cover edge routing and gateways and their role in fog computing, as well as the messaging protocols of MQTT and CoAP. With the data now in internet form, you’ll get an understanding of cloud and fog architectures, including the OpenFog standards. We wrap up the analytics portion of the book with the application of statistical analysis, complex event processing, and deep learning models. Finally, we conclude by providing a holistic view of the IoT security stack and the anatomical details of IoT exploits while countering them with software defined perimeters and blockchains. What You Will Learn Understand the role and scope of architecting a successful IoT deployment, from sensors to the cloud Scan the landscape of IoT technologies that span everything from sensors to the cloud and everything in between See the trade-offs in choices of protocols and communications in IoT deployments Build a repertoire of skills and the vernacular necessary to work in the IoT space Broaden your skills in multiple engineering domains necessary for the IoT architect

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The Internet of Things

The Internet of Things 英文原版书,适合入门物联网。目录: 1 Demystifying the IoT Paradigm....................................................................................1 Why the IoT Is Strategically Sound.................................................................................... 2 IoT Leads to Smarter Computing.................................................................................. 2 IoT Delivers Smarter Environments .............................................................................. 3 IoT Prescribes the Shift toward People IT...................................................................... 4 Te Brewing and Blossoming Trends in IT Space ............................................................... 4 Te Key Drivers for the IoT Discipline.......................................................................... 4 Everything Gets Service-Enabled ................................................................................... 5 Big Data Becomes Big Insights ...................................................................................... 5 Envisioning Software-Defned Clouds ........................................................................... 6 Te Diversity of IoT Data Sources................................................................................. 6 Te Technology Space.................................................................................................... 7 Te Process Space .......................................................................................................... 7 Infrastructure Space....................................................................................................... 7 Architecture Space ......................................................................................................... 7 Envisioning the Internet of Tings Era............................................................................... 8 Deeper Digitization toward Smart Objects or Sentient Materials................................... 8 Te Connected Devices ................................................................................................. 9 Adaptive Applications.................................................................................................. 10 Illustrating the Device-to-Device/Machine-to-Machine Integration Concept................... 10 Te Popular M2M Applications .................................................................................. 11 Smart Energy............................................................................................................... 11 Smart Health Care....................................................................................................... 11 Smart Home Security .................................................................................................. 11 Smart Cargo Handling ................................................................................................ 12 Smart Trafc Management........................................................................................... 12 Smart Inventory and Replenishment Management ...................................................... 12 Smart Cash Payment ................................................................................................... 12 Smart Tracking ............................................................................................................ 12 Smart Displays............................................................................................................. 12 www.allitebooks.comvi ◾ Contents Smarter Manufacturing ............................................................................................... 13 Smart Asset Management ............................................................................................ 13 Smarter Retailing......................................................................................................... 14 Explaining the Aspect of Device-to-Cloud (D2C) Integration.......................................... 14 Clouds Infrastructures for Next-Generation Device Applications................................. 15 Cloud Infrastructures for IoT Data Analytics............................................................... 15 Cloud Infrastructures for Smartphone Services ............................................................ 16 Te Emergence of the IoT Platform as a Service (PaaS).................................................... 16 Device Management.................................................................................................... 16 Te Real-Time Analytics of IoT Big Data.................................................................... 16 Integration with Enterprise Systems............................................................................. 17 Digging into the Cloud-to-Cloud (C2C) Integration Paradigm ....................................... 17 An IoT Application Scenario ....................................................................................... 18 Describing the Sensor-to-Cloud Integration Concept ...................................................... 19 Storage ........................................................................................................................ 20 Azure IoT Hub Device Management ............................................................................... 20 Homeland Security and the Sensor Cloud ................................................................... 22 Te Prominent IoT Realization Technologies ................................................................... 23 Te IoT: Te Key Application Domains........................................................................... 24 Te IoT Challenges and the Research Domains........................................................... 26 Te Research Domains ................................................................................................ 27 Te Emerging IoT Flavors................................................................................................ 27 Te Industrial Internet of Tings (IIoT) ...................................................................... 28 Consumer Internet of Tings (CIoT) .......................................................................... 31 Social Internet of Tings (SIoT) .................................................................................. 32 Semantic Internet of Tings (SIoT) ............................................................................. 33 Why Semantics for the Interoperable IoT.................................................................... 35 Cognitive Internet of Tings (CIoT) ........................................................................... 36 Envisioning Cognitive IoT .......................................................................................... 36 Conclusion....................................................................................................................... 37 Bibliography .................................................................................................................... 38 2 Realization of IoT Ecosystem Using Wireless Technologies.........................................39 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 40 Architecture for IoT Using Mobile Devices...................................................................... 41 Mobile Technologies for Supporting IoT Ecosystem......................................................... 43 5G Technology ............................................................................................................ 43 Software-Defned Networking ..................................................................................... 43 Network Functions Virtualization ............................................................................... 44 5G Architecture........................................................................................................... 46 Ultra Wide Band Technology ...................................................................................... 46 How UWB Works .................................................................................................. 47 ISO 18000 7 DASH7.................................................................................................. 47 Near Field Communication Technology ...................................................................... 48 Energy Harvesting for Power Conservation in the IoT System ......................................... 49 Architecture of an Energy Harvesting Terminal for a Wireless Sensor Network ......... 50 Mobile Application Development Platforms .................................................................... 51 www.allitebooks.comContents ◾ vii Mobile Use Cases for IoT................................................................................................. 53 Low Power Wide Area Networking Technologies .............................................................53 LPWAN Network Topologies ...................................................................................... 55 Direct Device Connectivity Topology of LPWAN................................................... 55 Indirect Device Connectivity through a LPWAN Gateway ..................................... 56 Sigfox .......................................................................................................................... 56 Binary Phase Shift Keying....................................................................................... 57 Weightless ................................................................................................................... 57 Weightless-P ........................................................................................................... 57 Weightless-N .......................................................................................................... 57 Weightless-W .......................................................................................................... 58 NWave ........................................................................................................................ 58 Ingenu......................................................................................................................... 58 Random Phase Multiple Access............................................................................... 58 LoRa ........................................................................................................................... 59 Conclusion....................................................................................................................... 59 Bibliography .................................................................................................................... 60 3 Infrastructure and Service Discovery Protocols for the IoT Ecosystem .......................61 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 62 Layered Architecture for IoT............................................................................................ 62 Objects Layer .............................................................................................................. 63 Object Abstraction Layer............................................................................................. 63 Service Management Layer .......................................................................................... 63 Application Layer ........................................................................................................ 63 Business Layer ............................................................................................................. 64 Protocol Architecture of IoT ............................................................................................ 64 Infrastructure Protocols.................................................................................................... 64 Routing Protocol ......................................................................................................... 64 IEEE 802.15.4 ............................................................................................................ 66 IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks ............................................... 68 Network Architecture of 6LoWPAN....................................................................... 68 Protocol Stack of 6LoWPAN .................................................................................. 70 Bluetooth Low Energy................................................................................................. 71 Generic Attribute Profle......................................................................................... 72 Attribute Protocol ................................................................................................... 72 Security Manager Protocol ...................................................................................... 72 EPCglobal ................................................................................................................... 73 Long Term Evolution-Advanced .................................................................................. 73 Z-Wave........................................................................................................................ 75 Components of Z-Wave Network ........................................................................... 75 ZigBee......................................................................................................................... 76 Device or Service Discovery for IoT ................................................................................. 77 Bluetooth Beacons....................................................................................................... 77 Wi-Fi Aware ................................................................................................................ 77 Physical Web ............................................................................................................... 78 Open Hybrid............................................................................................................... 78 www.allitebooks.comviii ◾ Contents Shazam........................................................................................................................ 78 Chirp........................................................................................................................... 78 How Chirp Works .................................................................................................. 79 Protocols for IoT Service Discovery.................................................................................. 79 multicast Domain Name System (mDNS)................................................................... 79 DNS Service Discovery ............................................................................................... 80 Universal Plug and Play ............................................................................................... 81 Prominent IoT Service Discovery Products Available in the Market ................................. 82 Bonjour....................................................................................................................... 82 Consul......................................................................................................................... 83 Basic Architecture of Consul ................................................................................... 83 AllJoyn ........................................................................................................................ 83 Conclusion....................................................................................................................... 84 References ........................................................................................................................ 84 4 Te Integration Technologies and Tools for IoT Environments ................................85 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 86 IoT Communication Protocol Requirements............................................................... 87 Te IoT Portion for Smarter Enterprises and Environments............................................. 88 Te Growing Importance of the IoT Paradigm............................................................ 88 Te Meteoric Rise of Device Ecosystem....................................................................... 88 Te Dazzling Growth of Operational and Transactional Systems ................................. 89 Deeper and Decisive Data Analytics ............................................................................ 89 Te Emergence of Pioneering Analytics (Generic as well as Specifc) ........................... 90 State-of-the-Art Data Science Tools ............................................................................. 90 Sensor and Actuator Networks ......................................................................................... 91 Sensor-to-Cloud Integration........................................................................................ 93 Te IoT Device Integration Concepts, Standards, and Implementations .......................... 95 Machine-to-Machine Communication ........................................................................ 95 Service Oriented Device Architecture for Device Integration....................................... 96 An Illuminating Use Case............................................................................................ 97 Device Profle for Web Services.................................................................................... 97 About the DPWSim Development Toolkit ............................................................. 99 Te Reference Architecture for Smarter Hospitals ................................................. 100 Messaging Methods: Pub or Sub and Point-to-Point ............................................. 100 Node.DPWS: Efcient Web Services for the IoT .................................................. 101 Te Open Service Gateway Initiative Standard .......................................................... 102 Scalability ............................................................................................................. 103 Robustness............................................................................................................ 103 Remote OSGi ....................................................................................................... 104 Eclipse Kura.......................................................................................................... 104 openHAB ............................................................................................................. 105 Te REST Paradigm.................................................................................................. 106 Te Device Connectivity via the OPC Standard ........................................................ 106 Te Device Integration Protocols and Middleware ......................................................... 107 Message Queue Telemetry Transport.......................................................................... 108 Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol .............................................................. 110 www.allitebooks.comContents ◾ ix ejabberd..................................................................................................................... 110 Data Distribution Bus ............................................................................................... 111 Advanced Message Queuing Protocol ........................................................................ 112 Constrained Application Protocol.............................................................................. 114 Te Protocol Landscape for IoT ..................................................................................... 116 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 117 Bibliography .................................................................................................................. 117 5 Te Enablement Platforms for IoT Applications and Analytics.................................119 Describing the IoT Journey............................................................................................ 120 Te IoT Building Blocks ................................................................................................ 121 Digitized Entities and Connected Devices ................................................................. 121 IoT or Sensor Data Gateway...................................................................................... 121 Application Enablement Platforms ............................................................................ 122 Data Analytics Platforms ........................................................................................... 122 Knowledge Discovery and Dissemination.................................................................. 122 Storage, Backup, and Archival ................................................................................... 122 Cognitive Clouds....................................................................................................... 123 Te Major Players in the IoT Space ........................................................................... 123 A Few Enthralling IoT Use Cases................................................................................... 124 IoT Application Enablement Platforms.......................................................................... 125 Characterizing IoT or Machine-to-Machine Application Platforms................................ 125 IoT AEPs—Te Architectural Building-Blocks............................................................... 128 IoT and M2M Sensor Data Platform by AerCloud.................................................... 129 TingWorx IoT AEP ................................................................................................. 130 ORBCOMM IoT Platform....................................................................................... 131 Azure IoT Hub .............................................................................................................. 132 Amazon Web Service IoT Platform ................................................................................ 132 Te Axeda IoT Platform................................................................................................. 133 Te IoT Data Analytics Platforms .................................................................................. 134 IBM Watson IoT Platform ........................................................................................ 135 ParStream IoT Analytics Platform.............................................................................. 136 Vitria IoT Analytics Platform .................................................................................... 137 Pentaho IoT Analytics Platform................................................................................. 137 Splunk Software for IoT Data.................................................................................... 138 Guavus IoT Analytics Platform ...................................................................................... 139 Virdata IoT Analytics Platform.................................................................................. 140 Te IoT Data Virtualization Platforms........................................................................... 141 Te Key Capabilities Data Virtualization Delivers.......................................................... 142 IoT Data Visualization Platform .................................................................................... 142 Car Counter .............................................................................................................. 144 Te IoT Edge Data Analytics ......................................................................................... 144 Key Features and Highlights for Developers .............................................................. 145 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 146 Te IoT Analytics Platforms—Te Links ....................................................................... 146 www.allitebooks.comx ◾ Contents 6 Te Next-Generation Clouds for IoT Applications and Analytics .............................149 Introduction................................................................................................................... 150 Reflecting the Cloud Journey ......................................................................................... 151 About Technology Choice ......................................................................................... 151 Software-Defned Clouds for IoT .............................................................................. 151 Te Enigma of Commoditization .............................................................................. 152 About the Cloud Technology ......................................................................................... 153 Te Cloud Service Ecosystem......................................................................................... 154 Te Key Motivations for Cloud-Enabled Environments................................................. 155 A Look at Cloud-Inspired Enterprise Transformations ................................................... 156 Te Emergence of Cloud Environments .................................................................... 156 Energy Optimization................................................................................................. 157 IoT and Cloud-Inspired Smarter Environments ............................................................. 158 Smarter Environments............................................................................................... 158 Smarter Homes.......................................................................................................... 159 Smarter Grids ............................................................................................................ 161 IoT and Cloud for Smarter Cities.............................................................................. 161 Sensor-Cloud Integration for Smarter Cities.............................................................. 162 Social and Sensor Data Fusion in Cloud.................................................................... 162 Smarter Health Care.................................................................................................. 163 Cloud-Inspired Smarter Health Care Services............................................................ 164 Te Era of Hybrid Clouds.............................................................................................. 165 Envisioning Federated Clouds........................................................................................ 165 Cloud Federation Approaches.................................................................................... 166 Special-Purpose Clouds.................................................................................................. 167 Device Clouds ........................................................................................................... 168 Te Emergence of Edge/Fog Clouds............................................................................... 170 Te Compelling Use Cases for Next-Gen Edge Clouds.............................................. 171 Use Cases—Te Computation and Actionable Insights ............................................. 171 Te Storage Use Cases ............................................................................................... 172 Data Dissemination................................................................................................... 173 Mobile-Edge Computing (MEC) .............................................................................. 173 Edge Analytics-Enabled Smarter Trafc Systems ........................................................ 174 Te Architectural Components of the Smarter Trafc System......................................... 174 Tending toward Software-Defned Clouds...................................................................... 175 Te Building Blocks of Software-Defned Clouds........................................................... 177 Software-Defned Networking (SDN) ....................................................................... 177 Te Key Motivations for SDN................................................................................... 178 Te Need of SDN for the Cloud ............................................................................... 179 Software-Defned Storage (SDS) .................................................................................... 180 Cloud-Based Big Data Storage................................................................................... 181 Te Key Characteristics of Software-Defned Storage................................................. 182 Te Onset of Cognitive Clouds...................................................................................... 182 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 183 References ...................................................................................................................... 183Contents ◾ xi 7 Describing the Emerging Field of IoT Data Analytics...............................................185 Introduction................................................................................................................... 186 Te Principal Steps toward Knowledge Discovery and Dissemination ............................ 187 Te Rewarding Repercussions of the Data Explosion ..................................................... 188 Describing Big Data Analytics........................................................................................ 188 Te Strategic Importance of Big Data Analytics ............................................................. 189 Big Data Analytics: Te Prominent Use Cases................................................................ 191 Customer Satisfaction Analysis .................................................................................. 191 Market Sentiment Analysis ........................................................................................ 191 Epidemic Analysis...................................................................................................... 192 Using Big Data Analytics in Health Care................................................................... 192 Machine Data Analytics by Splunk............................................................................ 193 Real-Time and Streaming Analytics................................................................................ 196 Expounding the IoT Data Analytics Domain................................................................. 199 Te Key Drivers for IoT Data Analytics ......................................................................... 199 Te Key Movements and Motivations of IoT Data......................................................... 200 Te Emergence of Edge Clouds for Real-Time Insights.................................................. 201 Deep Diving and Digging into Edge Analytics............................................................... 202 Te Renowned Edge Analytics Use Cases....................................................................... 203 Smart Water System................................................................................................... 203 Smarter Grid ............................................................................................................. 203 Smarter Homes and Buildings ................................................................................... 203 Smarter Retailing....................................................................................................... 204 Self-Maintaining Trains ............................................................................................. 204 Smarter Mines ........................................................................................................... 204 Device Integration..................................................................................................... 204 Smarter Trafc Systems.............................................................................................. 204 Te Architectural Components of the Smarter Trafc System......................................... 205 Te Key Capabilities of Next-Generation IoT Data Analytics Platforms......................... 207 Te Key Capabilities.................................................................................................. 208 Te Prime Modules of IoT Data Analytics Platforms ..................................................... 209 Te Reference Architecture for IoT Data Analytics Platform.......................................... 209 Te Renowned Use Cases for IoT Data Analytics........................................................... 211 Connected Cars......................................................................................................... 211 Te Data Analytics Locations .................................................................................... 212 Why Have Cloud-Based IoT Data Analytics?................................................................. 213 Te Distinct Capabilities of IoT Data Analytics Platforms ............................................. 214 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 216 Bibliography .................................................................................................................. 216 8 Expounding the Edge/Fog Computing Paradigm......................................................217 Introduction................................................................................................................... 218 Te Introduction of Fog/Edge Computing..................................................................... 219 Fog versus Edge Computing...................................................................................... 220 Illustrating the Game-Changing IoT Journey................................................................. 221 It Is All About the Extreme and Deeper Connectivity................................................ 221xii ◾ Contents Te Humongous Volumes of IoT Data...................................................................... 223 Major IoT Data Types ............................................................................................... 224 Measurement Data .................................................................................................... 224 Event Data ................................................................................................................ 224 Interaction and Transaction Data............................................................................... 224 Diagnostics Data ....................................................................................................... 224 Describing the Fog Computing-Like Concepts .............................................................. 225 Local/Proximate Clouds ............................................................................................ 225 Cloudlet Facilities...................................................................................................... 225 Why Cloudlet-Like Arrangement Is Mandated?......................................................... 226 Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)............................................................................... 226 Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) ............................................................................ 227 Te Use Cases of Fog/Edge Computing ......................................................................... 227 Smart Homes ............................................................................................................ 228 Smart Grids............................................................................................................... 228 Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks..................................................................... 228 Smart Vehicles ........................................................................................................... 229 Smarter Security ........................................................................................................ 229 Smart Buildings......................................................................................................... 229 IoT and Cyber-Physical Systems................................................................................ 230 Software-Defned Networking ................................................................................... 230 Why Is Fog Computing Crucial for the Envisaged IoT Success?..................................... 230 Weeding Out Irrelevant Data at the Source ............................................................... 231 Real-Time IoT Data Analytics ................................................................................... 231 Instantaneous Response............................................................................................. 231 Resource-Constrained Sensors Behind Fog Devices ................................................... 231 IoT Data Security...................................................................................................... 231 Te Formation of Edge Clouds.................................................................................. 232 Building Composite Applications .............................................................................. 232 Policy-Based Fog Devices........................................................................................... 232 Delving into Fog/Edge Analytics.................................................................................... 233 Te Greatness of Edge Data....................................................................................... 233 Edge Analytics: Te Prominent Use Cases...................................................................... 234 IoT Sensor Data Monitoring and Analysis................................................................. 234 Remote Monitoring and Analysis of Oil and Gas Operations .................................... 234 Smarter Cities............................................................................................................ 235 Smart Retailers .......................................................................................................... 235 Smart Automobiles.................................................................................................... 235 Smart Manufacturing ................................................................................................ 236 Facilities and Asset Management ............................................................................... 237 Carving Out Edge Clouds for Edge Analytics ................................................................ 237 Deep Diving and Digging into the Aspect of Edge Analytics.......................................... 238 Introducing Integrated Fog Computing Platforms ......................................................... 239 Te OSGi Standard for Building Device Management Frameworks........................... 240 Te Eclipse Kura—An IoT Device Management and Analytics Platform ....................... 241 Everyware Software Framework...................................................................................... 242 Apache Quarks .......................................................................................................... 243Contents ◾ xiii Predixion Software..................................................................................................... 243 Te Solair Smart Gateway.......................................................................................... 244 Te Solair Platform—IoT Devices: Te Integration Options.......................................... 245 Direct Collection....................................................................................................... 245 Mobile Bridge............................................................................................................ 245 Smart Gateway .......................................................................................................... 245 Altiux Innovations.......................................................................................................... 246 ParStream Edge Analytics Appliance .............................................................................. 246 Dell Edge Gateway 5000 Series...................................................................................... 246 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 247 Bibliography .................................................................................................................. 247 9 Envisioning Futuristic Smart Airports Using IoT Integration...................................249 Introduction................................................................................................................... 250 Airport Infrastructure..................................................................................................... 251 Airport 1.0 ................................................................................................................ 252 Airport 2.0 ................................................................................................................ 253 Personal Technology/Processes for Passengers ................................................................. 253 Mobile Applications for Air Travel Passengers ............................................................ 253 Technology/Processes to Streamline Passenger Journey................................................... 254 Interactive Displays and Bill Boards in Airports......................................................... 254 Technology/Processes to Enhance Passenger Experience ................................................. 254 Interactive Surfaces.................................................................................................... 254 Processes for Increased Leisure Experience...................................................................... 255 Finnish Sauna at Helsinki Airport ............................................................................. 255 Free Sightseeing Tour at Changi Airport, Singapore................................................... 255 Free Cooking Classes at Paris Orly Airport ................................................................ 256 Traditional Culture Workshops at Incheon International Airport, South Korea ......... 256 Airport 3.0............................................................................................................ 256 Mobile Devices in Airports............................................................................................. 257 Social Media Applications in Airports ............................................................................ 259 Source: Amadeus Survey ................................................................................................ 260 Mobile Applications for Airports.................................................................................... 261 Mobile Technologies ...................................................................................................... 262 Quick Response Codes in Airports for Mobile Check-In ........................................... 262 Near Field Communication ........................................................................................... 263 Telepresence................................................................................................................... 264 Wireless Broadband........................................................................................................ 264 RFID/Sensors ................................................................................................................ 264 Biometric Passports ................................................................................................... 264 Other Biometric Applications in Airports....................................................................... 265 RFID-Based Tracking of Baggage in Airports ................................................................. 265 Beacons for Airports....................................................................................................... 266 Applications of Beacons for Airports .............................................................................. 267 Tracking Passenger Location ...................................................................................... 267 Triggering Mobile Boarding Passes............................................................................. 267 Navigating the Airport............................................................................................... 267xiv ◾ Contents Promotions at Retail Outlets in Airports.................................................................... 267 Baggage Reclaim........................................................................................................ 267 Wearable Technology ..................................................................................................... 268 Benefts of Wearable Devices ..................................................................................... 269 Use Cases of Wearables for Airports........................................................................... 269 Passenger Baggage Tracking ....................................................................................... 270 Operational Efciencies of Airports .......................................................................... 270 Other Supporting Technologies for Smart Airports ........................................................ 270 Cloud Computing.......................................................................................................... 270 Big Data and Predictive Analytics................................................................................... 271 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 271 References ...................................................................................................................... 272 10 Envisioning Smart Health Care Systems in a Connected World ................................273 Introduction................................................................................................................... 274 Clinical Care.................................................................................................................. 275 Remote Monitoring ....................................................................................................... 275 Other Interesting Use Cases of IoT ................................................................................ 276 Enabling Technologies which Make IoT in Health Care Possible ................................... 279 Challenges in the IoT Health Care Sector ...................................................................... 279 Future Trends for IoT in Health Care............................................................................. 280 Ingestible Sensor........................................................................................................ 280 Digital Medicine........................................................................................................ 281 Mobile Apps in Health Care Sector................................................................................ 282 Cloud and Big Data Analytics in the Health Care Sector................................................ 282 Cloud Services in Health Care Sector............................................................................. 283 Electronic Storage of Medical Records ....................................................................... 283 Ofce Productivity Solutions..................................................................................... 284 Health Information Exchange.................................................................................... 284 Collaboration Solution for Physicians........................................................................ 285 Clinical Information System...................................................................................... 285 Big Data Analytics in the Health Care Sector ............................................................ 285 Support Research in Genomics and Other Health Care Projects................................ 286 Transform Data from Information............................................................................. 288 Use of Explanatory Analytics by Predixion Software .................................................. 288 Use of Big Data by Health Fidelity ............................................................................ 288 Supporting Self Care.................................................................................................. 289 Supporting Self Care with Ginger.io .......................................................................... 289 Support for Providers................................................................................................. 289 Increase Awareness..................................................................................................... 291 Sproxil Uses Big Data to Identify Counterfeit Drugs ................................................. 291 Sickweather LLC Uses Social Media to Track Disease Outbreaks ............................... 291 Pool Data to Build a Better Ecosystem....................................................................... 291 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 292 References ...................................................................................................................... 292Contents ◾ xv 11 Smart Use Cases of IoT .............................................................................................293 Introduction................................................................................................................... 294 Governance Use Cases.................................................................................................... 294 Ubiquitous Connectivity................................................................................................ 295 Omnipresent Devices..................................................................................................... 296 Collaboration Platforms................................................................................................. 296 Cloud Computing.......................................................................................................... 296 Open Standards and Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) ............................................ 296 Geospatial Platforms ...................................................................................................... 297 Neogeography in Smart Cities........................................................................................ 297 Internet of Tings (IoT)................................................................................................. 297 Advanced Analytics ........................................................................................................ 298 Open Access to Public Data ........................................................................................... 298 Digitally Controlled Devices .......................................................................................... 299 Social Media Networking............................................................................................... 299 Strategic Governance Framework for the Implementation of Smart Cities...................... 299 City Objectives .............................................................................................................. 300 City Indicators ............................................................................................................... 300 City Components .......................................................................................................... 300 City Content.................................................................................................................. 301 Smart Industrial Use Cases of IoT.................................................................................. 301 Smart Lighting for Energy Conservation........................................................................ 304 Smart Lighting Approaches ....................................................................................... 304 Wireless Lighting Control Systems ............................................................................ 306 Smart Transportation Systems ........................................................................................ 308 Electric Vehicles (EVs)............................................................................................... 309 Smarter Vehicles ........................................................................................................ 309 Te Technological Implications on Vehicles ............................................................... 310 Insights-Driven Connected Vehicles .......................................................................... 310 Vehicle-to-Vehicle Connectivity................................................................................. 311 Vehicle-to-Cloud Connectivity .................................................................................. 311 Vehicle Connectivity Platforms, Tools, and Applications ........................................... 312 Use Cases of Technology-Inspired Vehicles ................................................................ 313 An Assortment of Vehicle-Centric Applications ......................................................... 313 Knowledge Services ................................................................................................... 313 Big Data Analytics for Smarter Transports ................................................................. 314 Te Approaches for Smarter Transportation............................................................... 315 Predict Demand and Optimizing Capacity, Assets, and Infrastructure ....................... 315 Improve the End-to-End Experience for Travelers...................................................... 316 Increase Operational Efciency While Reducing Environmental Impact ................... 316 Ensure Safety and Security......................................................................................... 316 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) ........................................................................... 317 Connected Cars ............................................................................................................. 317 Consumer Use Cases of IoT........................................................................................... 318xvi ◾ Contents Smart Homes/Buildings ................................................................................................. 319 Te Key Drivers for Smarter Homes and Buildings.................................................... 319 Te Prominent Use Cases of Smarter Homes and Buildings ...................................... 319 Smarter Homes and Building Elements ..................................................................... 320 Smarter Home/Buildings Capabilities........................................................................ 322 Role of Building Automation Systems in Smarter Homes and Buildings ........................ 323 Smarter Homes—Middleware Platforms........................................................................ 324 Smarter Home Frameworks............................................................................................ 326 Smart Education Systems Using Wearable Devices......................................................... 327 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 328 Reference ....................................................................................................................... 328 12 Security Management of an IoT Ecosystem...............................................................329 Introduction................................................................................................................... 329 Security Requirements of an IoT Infrastructure.............................................................. 330 Confdentiality, Integrity, and Availability Triad......................................................... 330 Confdentiality...................................................................................................... 330 Integrity................................................................................................................ 331 Availability............................................................................................................ 331 Authentication, Authorization, and Audit Trial (AAA) Framework................................. 331 Authentication........................................................................................................... 331 Authorization ............................................................................................................ 332 Audit Trial ................................................................................................................. 332 Defense-in-Depth .......................................................................................................... 332 Trusted Computing Base (TCB)................................................................................ 332 Encryption ................................................................................................................ 333 Security Concerns of Cloud Platforms ........................................................................... 333 Virtual Machine Segmentation....................................................................................... 334 Database Segmentation .................................................................................................. 335 VM Introspection .......................................................................................................... 335 Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)............................................................................ 335 Imperva SecureSphere Web Application Firewall to Prevent DDoS Attacks ............... 336 Virtual Machine/Hypervisor-Based Security Treats ...................................................... 337 Unauthorized Alteration of Virtual Machine Image Files ........................................... 337 VM Teft .................................................................................................................. 338 Inter-VM Attacks ...................................................................................................... 338 Instant-On Gaps........................................................................................................ 339 Hyperjacking............................................................................................................. 339 Security Treats of Big Data........................................................................................... 340 Distributed Programming Frameworks...................................................................... 341 Use of NoSQL Databases .......................................................................................... 341 Storage Tiering .......................................................................................................... 341 Data Source Validation.............................................................................................. 341 Privacy Concerns....................................................................................................... 342 Requirements of Security Management Framework for Big Data ................................... 342 Agile Scale-Out Infrastructure ................................................................................... 343 Security Analytics ...................................................................................................... 343Contents ◾ xvii Treat Monitoring and Intelligence ........................................................................... 344 Security Treats in Smartphones................................................................................ 344 Security Solutions for Mobile Devices............................................................................ 345 Security Concerns in IoT Components .......................................................................... 346 Security Measures for IoT Platforms/Devices ................................................................. 347 Secure Booting .......................................................................................................... 347 Mandatory Access Control Mechanisms .................................................................... 347 Device Authentication for Networks.......................................................................... 347 Device-Specifc Firewalls............................................................................................ 347 Controlled Mechanism to Ensure Application of Security Patches and Upgrades......... 347 Security Treats in Different Use Cases of IoT ............................................................... 348 Security Treats in Smart Transportation Systems...................................................... 348 Security Treats in Smart Grids and Other IoT-Based Infrastructure Components..........349 Conclusion..................................................................................................................... 350 Bibliography .................................................................................................................. 350

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The Internet of Things is the latest rising star in the information and communications technology industry. It embodies the vision of connecting virtually anything with everything and builds on a global growth of the overall number of connected devices. To support, and perhaps further boost, this growth the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards development organization has in its Release 13 developed three new technologies known as Extended Coverage GSM Internet of Things (EC-GSM-IoT), LTE for Machine-Type Communications (LTE-M), and Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) dedicated to providing cellular services to a massive number of IoT devices. This book sets out to introduce, characterize, and, when relevant, in detail describe these three new technologies, defining a new concept known as the Cellular Internet of Things. To start with, Chapter 1 introduces the overall content of the book. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the accomplishments of 3GPP in the field of Machine-Type Communications until Release 13. Chapters 3, 5, and 7 describe the design objectives as well as the technical foundations of EC-GSM-IoT, LTE-M, and NB-IoT. Both physical layer details and idle and connected mode procedures are presented. Chapters 4, 6, and 8 go through the performance objectives of the three technologies and present extensive evaluation results in terms of coverage, throughput, latency, battery lifetime, system capacity, and device complexity. The details behind each of these performance objectives including the methodologies for evaluating them are presented. Chapter 9 summarizes the findings of the earlier chapters and describes the merits of the three technologies and provides a comparison between them. The chapter also introduces a set of solutions for short- and long-range communications operating in unlicensed frequency bands. The advantages of licensed operation over unlicensed operation are highlighted. Finally, Chapter 10 gives a glance of how the Cellular Internet of Things fits into the vision of the fifth generation (5G) wireless communication system.

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the internet of Things presentation

ppt 第一页 it is my pleasure to take a presentation .my topic is the internet of things. ppt 第二页 firstly ,I should denote that the internet of things is a part of smart earth which is ibm ‘s dream .Except for internet of things ,the smart earth is composed of two other parts, they are the internet and internet clouds ppt第三页 Now I will introduce the internet of things. ppt第四页 The internet of things can be divided into three layers: sensor layer, network layer and the application layer. the bottom level is sensor layer . the function of sensor layer is to distinguish the objects, and collect information。 this layer includes two dimensional barcode label and conversational machine, RFID tags and literacy device, cameras, GPS, sensors, terminal, sensor network ,and so on。this layer is mainly used to identify the object, gathering information, just like human‘s nose eyes and ear . the second level is network layer . network layer is used for Information transmission and processing .the network layer includes network management center, information center and intelligent processing center, and so on. The network layer will transfer and process information obtained by sensor layer. it is similar to human‘s nerve center. the top level is application layer . the application layer is related to the industry demand .and different needs require different applications

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MicroPython for the Internet of Things-Apress(2017).pdf

Internet of Things (IOT) solutions are not nearly as complicated as the name may seem to indicate. Indeed, the IOT is largely another name for what we have already been doing. You may have heard of “connected devices” or “Internet-ready” or even “cloud-enabled.” All of these refer to the same thing — be it a single device such as a toaster or a plant monitor or a complex, multidevice product like home automation solutions. They all share one thing in common: they can be accessed via the Internet to either display data or interact with the devices directly. The trick is applying knowledge of technologies to leverage them to the best advantages for your IOT solution. In this book, we explore how to build IOT solutions using an easy-to-understand programming language named MicroPython running on small, dedicated microcontroller boards. Intended Audience I wrote this book to share my passion for Python and IOT solutions. I especially wanted to show how anyone can program their own IOT solutions in Python using MicroPython on small microcontroller boards. The intended audience therefore includes anyone interested in learning how to build IOT solutions, hobbyists, and enthusiasts who don’t want to spend a lot of time learning a complicated programming language to control hardware through software in IOT solutions. How This Book Is Structured The book was written to guide the reader from a general knowledge of microcontrollers and MicroPython to expertise in developing MicroPython solutions for the IOT. The first several chapters cover general topics including a short introduction to the Internet of Things, what microcontroller boards are available as well as how MicroPython works. Later chapters present a tutorial on programming in MicroPython as well as an introduction to electronics. This is followed by four projects that you can implement to learn how to build MicroPython IOT solutions. Throughout the book are examples of how to implement many of the concepts presented. The following is a brief overview of each chapter included in this book.

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internet of things and ai

人工智能与物联网, 本ppt描述了人工智能与物联网的现状以及未来物联网和人工智能相互协作的展望

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ITU Internet Reports 2005:The Internet of Things

国际电信联盟(ITU)2005年的一份报告《ITU互联网报告2005:物联网

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Practical Internet of Things Security.pdf

Practical Internet of Things Security, is a very good book on security of IOT

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The Internet of Things Enabling Technologies, Platforms, and Use Cases

The Internet of Things Enabling Technologies, Platforms, and Use Cases

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Mastering Internet of Things-Packt Publishing(2018).epub

Hello and welcome to Mastering Internet of Things. This book will guide you through the very fascinating subject of Internet of Things, and the emerging concept of Smart Cities. If you’re a novice to the subject, don’t worry, you’ll be introduced to it. You are assumed to know the basic principles of software development. Standard components such as Raspberry Pi, Arduino, and related peripherals will be used throughout the book. There is no need for knowledge of electronics, even though an understanding of the basic underlying principles will help. The book will guide you through many of the different problems each developer needs to face and master, using several practical projects. We’ve chosen to use C# in all the examples. It’s a modern language that will allow us to reuse code efficiently between PCs, embedded devices, smart phones, and tablets. You can choose between using free or commercial development tools. By the end, you’ll be an adept in the field, having mastered many of the fundamentals of Internet of Things and will be ready to join us in the effort in creating the next generation of Smart Cities and Smart Societies.

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Fog Computing

Fog Computing(Fog Computing and Its Role in the Internet of Things .pdf)

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Internet of Things and Data Analytics Handbook _2017

本书是物联网与数据分析手册。

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Internet of Things (IoT) in 5G Mobile Technologies

本书详细介绍5G技术如何与IoT融合,构架的搭建,技术的更新等等

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Analytics for the Internet of Things(IoT) 无水印pdf

Analytics for the Internet of Things(IoT) 英文无水印pdf pdf所有页面使用FoxitReader和PDF-XChangeViewer测试都可以打开 本资源转载自网络,如有侵权,请联系上传者或csdn删除 本资源转载自网络,如有侵权,请联系上传者或csdn删除

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Learning.Internet.of.Things

Title: Learning Internet of Things Author: Peter Waher Length: 242 pages Edition: 1 Language: English Publisher: Packt Publishing Publication Date: 2015-01-27 ISBN-10: 1783553537 ISBN-13: 9781783553532 Explore and learn about Internet of Things with the help of engaging and enlightening tutorials designed for Raspberry Pi About This Book Design and implement state-of-the-art solutions for Internet of Things using different communication protocols, patterns, C# and Raspberry Pi Learn the capabilities and differences between popular protocols and communication patterns and how they can be used, and should not be used, to create secure and interoperable services and things A step-by-step hands-on tutorial with complete source code, that provides interoperable solutions for sensors, actuators, controllers, cameras, and protocol brides Who This Book Is For If you're a developer or electronics engineer who is curious about Internet of Things, then this is the book for you. With only a rudimentary understanding of electronics, Raspberry Pi, or similar credit-card sized computers, and some programming experience using managed code such as C# or Java, you will be taught to develop state-of-the-art solutions for Internet of Things in an instant. In Detail This book starts by exploring the popular HTTP, UPnP, CoAP, MQTT, and XMPP protocols. You will learn how protocols and patterns can put limitations on network topology and how they affect the direction of communication and the use of firewalls. Thing registries and delegation of trust are introduced as important tools to secure the life cycle of Things on the Internet. Once the fundamentals have been mastered, your focus will move to the Internet of Things architecture. A secure architecture is proposed that will take full advantage of the power of Internet of Things and at the same time protect end user integrity and private personal data without losing flexibility and interoperability. This book provides you with a practical overview of the existing protocols, communication patterns, architectures, and security issues important to Internet of Things. Table of Contents Chapter 1: Preparing our IoT Projects Chapter 2: The HTTP Protocol Chapter 3: The UPnP Protocol Chapter 4: The CoAP Protocol Chapter 5: The MQTT Protocol Chapter 6: The XMPP Protocol Chapter 7: Using an IoT Service Platform Chapter 8: Creating Protocol Gateways Chapter 9: Security and Interoperability

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The Internet of Things with Swift for iOS

“What Is the Internet of Things? The Internet of Things refers to the push to make applications and hardware devices, or “things,” “smart” by receiving or logging data from the Internet and other things. The goal of the Internet of Things is to use these additional data sources to make common tasks in your life richer and easier to perform. One of the earliest drivers of the Internet of Things was the Quantified Self movement, a trend that suggested people could lose weight and exercise at more sustainable levels by constantly logging and monitoring their diet and workout information. Although this started out with data gleaned from calorie-counting journals and pedometers, the creation of apps like MyFitnessPal, which would help you find....

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practical internet of things with javascript

Practical Internet of Things with [removed] Build standalone exciting IoT projects with Raspberry Pi 3 and JavaScript (ES5/ES6) End to end solutions for IoT enthusiasts and web developers Key Features Leverage the capability of IoT with the combination of Raspberry Pi 3 and JavaScript (ES5/ES6) Develop a health monitoring device along with some cool projects like Smart Agriculture & Raspberry Pi 3 based surveillance. A practical book which will help you build Mobile/Web/Desktop apps that will show how to manage and monitor data from sensors and actuators in real time. Book Description In this world of technology upgrades, IoT is currently leading with its promise to make the world a more smarter and efficient place. This book will show you how to build simple IoT solutions that will help you to understand how this technology works. We would not only explore the IoT solution stack, but we will also see how to do it with the world’s most misunderstood programming language - JavaScript. Using Raspberry Pi 3 and JavaScript (ES5/ES6) as the base to build all the projects, you will begin with learning about the fundamentals of IoT and then build a standard framework for developing all the applications covered in this book. You will then move on to build a weather station with temperature, humidity and moisture sensors and further integrate Alexa with it. Further, you will build a smart wearable for understanding the concept of fall detection. You will then extend it with the 'If This Then That' (IFTTT) rules engine to send an email on fall detection. Finally, you will be working with the Raspberry Pi 3 camera module and surveillance with a bit of facial detection using Amazon Rekognition platform. At the end of the book, you will not only be able to build standalone exciting IoT applications but also learn how you can extend your projects to another level. What you will learn Integrate sensors and actuators with the cloud and control them for your Smart Weather Station. Develop your very own Amazon Alexa integrating with your IoT solution Define custom rules and execute jobs on certain data events using IFTTT Build a simple surveillance solutions using Amazon Recognition & Raspberry Pi 3 Design a fall detection system and build a notification system for it. Use Amazon Rekognition for face detection and face recognition in your Surveillance project Who This Book Is For This book targets IoT enthusiasts and web developers who would like to build IoT-based applications with Raspberry Pi, Arduino and JavaScript. Some knowledge about electronics and familiarity with programming concepts (JavaScript - ES5/ES6) is expected. Table of Contents Chapter 1. The World of IoT Chapter 2. IoTFW.js - I Chapter 3. IoTFW.js - II Chapter 4. Smart Agriculture Chapter 5. Smart Agriculture & Voice AI Chapter 6. Smart Wearable Chapter 7. Smart Wearable & IFTTT Chapter 8. Raspberry Pi Image Streaming Chapter 9. Smart Surveillance

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