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Administering VMware Site Recovery Manager 5.0 TECHNOLOGY HANDS-ON Mike laverick vmWare prEss pper Saddle river,NJ· Boston· Indianapolis· San francisco New York· Toronto· Montreal· London· Munich· Paris· Madrid Capetown· Sydney· Tokyo· Singapore· Mexico City Administering VMware Site Recovery Manager 5.0 VMWARE PRESS PROGRAM MANAGER Copyright@ 2012 VMware, Inc Andrea eubanks Published by Pearson Education, Inc ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Publishing as vmware press David dusthimer ACQUISITIONS EDITOR All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This publica- oan Murray tion is protected by copyright, and permission must be obtained from the DEVELOPMENT EDITOR publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system Susan Zahn or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photo copying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission to use material from this MANAGING EDITOR John Fuller work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc, Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you FULL-SERVICE may fax your request to(201)236-3290 PRODUCTION MANAGER Julie b. nahil All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service COPY EDITOR marks have been appropriately capitalized. The publisher cannot attest to the Audrey doyle accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded PROOFREADER as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark Kelli M. Brooks VMware terms are trademarks or registered trademarks of VMware in the INDEXER Jack Lewis United States. other countries. or both EDITORIAL ASSISTANT E Warning and disclaimer BOOK DESIGNER Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as Gary Adair possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information provided is on COMPOSITOR an"as is"basis. The author, VMware Press, VMware and the publisher shall Kim Arney have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information contained in this book or from the use of the cd or programs accompanying it The opinions expressed in this book belong to the author and are not necessar- ily those of vmware Corporate and government sales VMware Press offers excellent discounts on this book when ordered in quantity for bulk purchases or special sales, which may include electronic versions an or custom covers and content particular to your business, training goals, mar keting focus, and branding interests. For more information, please contact U.S Corporate and Government Sales, (800)382-3419, corpsales@pearsontechgroup com. For sales outside the United States, please contact International Sales, Library of Congress Control Number: 2011919183 ISBN-13:978-0-321-79992-0 ISBN-10:0-321-79992 Text printed in the United States on recycled paper at rr donnelley in Crawfordsville. Indiana First printing, December 2011 This book is dedicated to Carmelfor putting up with me and my endless ramblings about virtualization Contents Preface xv Acknowledgments xxi About the author xxiii 1 Introduction to Site Recovery Manager 1 What's New in Site Recovery Manager 5.0 1 vSphere 5 Compatibility 2 vSphere Replication 2 Automated Failback and Reprotect 3 VM Dependencies 4 Improved IP Customization 4 A Brief History of Life before VMware SRM 5 What Is not a DR Technology? 7 VMotion 7 VMware ha clusters 8 VMware Fault Tolerance 9 Scalability for the cloud 9 What is vmware srm? 10 What about File Level Consistency? 11 Principles of Storage Management and Replication 12 Caveat#1 All Storage Management Systems Are the Same 12 Caveat #2: All Storage Vendors sell Replication 13 Caveat #3: Read the manual 14 Summary 19 2 Getting Started with Dell EqualLogic Replication 21 Creating an EqualLogic iSCSI Volume 23 Granting ESXi Host Access to the EqualLogic iSCSI Volume 26 Enabling Replication for EqualLogic 31 Configuring Replication Partners 32 Configuring Replication of the iSCSI Volume 34 Configuring a Schedule for Replication 37 Using EqualLogic Host Integration for VMware Edition(HIT-VE) 39 Summary 42 Contents 3 Getting Started with EMC Celerra Replication 43 Creating an emc celerra iscsi Target 46 Granting ESX Host Access to the EMC Celerra iscSI Target 51 Creating a New File System 56 Creating an iSCSI LUN 59 Configuring Celerra Replication 64 Summary 72 4 Getting Started with EMC CLARiION Mirrorview 73 Creating a Reserved LUN Pool 75 Creating an EMC LUN 78 Configuring EMC MirrorView 80 Creating a Snapshot for SRM Tests 85 Creating Consistency Groups(Recommended) 88 Granting ESX Host Access to CLARIION LUNs 90 At the Recovery Site CLARiiON (New Jersey) 90 At the Protected Site CLARiiON (New York) 91 Using the EMc Virtual Storage Integrator Plug-in(VsI)93 Summary 95 5 Getting Started with the HP StorageWorks P4000 Virtual SAN Appliance with Remote Copy 97 Some Frequently Asked Questions about the HP P4000 VSa 98 Downloading and Uploading the VSa 100 Importing the StorageWorks P4000 VSa 100 Modifying the VSA's Settings and First-Power-On Configuration 103 Primary Configuration of the Vsa Host 105 Installing the Management Client 107 Configuring the VSA (Management Groups, Clusters, and volumes) 108 Adding the vsas to the management console 108 Adding the VSAs to Management Groups 108 Creating a Cluster 111 ating 112 Licensing the HP vsa 113 Configuring the HP VSa for Replication 114 Monitoring Your Replication/Snapshot 118 Adding ESX Hosts and Allocating Volumes to Them 120 ng an ESX Host 120 Allocating Volumes to ESX Hosts 120 Granting ESX Host Access to the HP VSa iSCSI Target 122 Contents Monitoring Your iSCSI Connections 127 The HP StorageWorks P4000 VSA: Creating a Test Volume at the Recovery Site 127 Shutting Down the VSA 129 Summary 129 6 Getting Started with NetApp SnapMirror 131 Provisioning NetApp nFS Storage for VMware ESXi 133 Creating a NetApp Volume for NFS 134 Granting ESXi Host Access to NetApp NFS Volumes 137 Creating NetApp Volumes for Fibre Channel and iSCSI 139 Granting ESXi Host Access to the NetApp iSCSI Target 142 Configuring NetApp SnapMirror 147 Confirm IP Visibility(Mandatory) and Name Resolution(Optional) 147 Enable SnapMirror(Both the Protected and Recovery Filers) 148 Enable Remote Access( Both the Protected and Recovery Filers) 148 Configure SnapMirror on the Recovery Site NetApp Filer(New Jersey) 150 Introducing the Virtual Storage Console(VSc) 155 Summary 158 7 Installing vMware SRM 161 Architecture of the vmware srm 161 Network communication and tcp port numbers 161 Storage Replication Components 164 VMware Components 166 More detailed Information about hardware and software requirements 169 Scalability of VMware SRM 171 Designed for Both Failover and Failback? 172 A Word about Resignaturing VMFS Volumes 173 VMware SRM Product limitations and gotchas 178 Licensing VMware SRM 179 Setting Up the VMware SRM Database with Microsoft SQL Server 2008 180 Creating the Database and Setting Permissions 181 Configuring a DSN Connection on the SRM Server(s) 184 Installing the VMware sRM Server 186 Installing the srm software 186 Installing a Storage Replication Adapter: EXample HP SRA 193 Installing the vSphere Client SRM Plug-in 195 Handling Failures to Connect to the sRM server 198 Summary 199 Contents 8 Configuring vSphere Replication(Optional) 201 How VSphere Replication Works 201 v Sphere Replication Limitations 203 stalling vSphere Replication 205 Setting the v Center Managed IP Address 205 Configuring a database for the vrms 206 Deploying the VRMs 208 Configuring the VRMs 212 Configuring the vrms connection 214 Deploying the VRs 215 Registering the VRs 216 Enabling and Monitoring vSphere Replication 217 Moving, Pausing, Resuming, Removing, and Forcing Synchronization 220 Enabling Replication for Physical Couriering 220 Configuring Datastore Mappings 221 Summary 223 9 Configuring the Protected Site 225 Connecting the Protected and Recovery Site SRMs 226 Configuring Inventory Mappings 231 Configuring Resource Mappings 234 Configuring Folder Mappings 23 Configuring Network Mappings 236 Assigning Placeholder Datastores 237 Configuring Array Managers: An Introduction 241 Configuring Array Managers: Dell EqualLogic 245 Configuring Array Managers: EMC Celerra 248 Configuring Array Managers: EMC CLARION 251 Configuring Array Managers: NetApp Fsa 254 Creating Protection Groups 257 Failure to protect a virtual machine 262 Bad Inventory Mappings 262 Placeholder vm not found 264 VMware Tools Update Error-Device Not Found: CD/DVD Drive 1 265 Delete VM Error 266 It's Not an Error, It's a Naughty, Naughty Boy! 266 Summary 267 Contents 10 Recovery Site Configuration 269 Creating a Basic Full-Site Recovery Plan 269 Testing Storage Configuration at the Recovery Site 273 Overview: First Recovery Plan Test 275 Practice Exercise: First recovery plan Test 281 Cleaning Up after a Recovery Plan Test 283 Controlling and Troubleshooting Recovery Plans 285 Pause Resume, and cancel plans 285 Error: Cleanup Phase of the Plan Does Not always Happen with iSCSI 287 rror: Loss of the Protection Group Settings 288 Error: Cleanup Fails; Use Force Cleanup 289 Error: Repairing vms 290 Error: Disconnected Hosts at the Recovery Site 290 Recovery Plans and the Storage Array Vendors 291 Dell EqualLogic and Testing Plans 291 EMC Celerra and Testing Plans 292 NetApp and Testing Plans 294 Summary 295 11 Custom Recovery plans 297 Controlling How VMs Power On 299 Configuring Priorities for Recovered virtual Machines 299 Adding VM Dependencies 302 Configuring Start-Up and Shutdown Options 305 Suspending VMs at the Recovery Site 308 Adding Additional Steps to a Recovery Plan 309 Adding prompt steps 309 Adding command steps 313 Adding Command Steps with VMware PowerCLI 315 Managing PowerCLI Authentication and Variables 321 Adding Command Steps to Call Scripts within the Guest Operating System 328 Configuring IP Address Changes for Recovery Virtual Machines 329 Creating a manual IP guest Customization 330 Configuring Bulk IP Address Changes for the Recovery Virtual Machine(dr-ip-exporter) 332 Creating Customized VM Mappings 336 Managing Changes at the Protected Site 337 Creating and Protecting New Virtual Machines 337 Renaming and Moving vCenter Inventory Objects 338

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