English for Writing Research Papers 2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍

所需积分/C币:50 2019-03-10 18:45:46 2.78MB PDF
收藏 收藏 2

English for Writing Research Papers 2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍
Adrian wallwork inglish for Writing E Research Papers ② Springer Adrian Wallwork Via carducci 9 56127 Pisa Italy adrianwallworkgmail.com ISBN978-1-4419-7921-6 e-ISBN978-1-441979223 DOI10.1007978-1-441979223 Springer New York dordrecht Heidelberg London Library of Congress Control Number: 2011924211 o Springer science+Business Media, LLC 2011 All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher(Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed is forbidden The use in this publication of trade names, trademarks, service marks, and similar terms, even if they are not identified as such, is not to be taken as an expression of opinion as to whether or not they are subject to proprietary rights Printed on acid-free paper SpringerisapartofSpringerScience+businessMedia(www.springer.com) Preface Who is this book for? This book is aimed at researchers in any discipline who wish to write a research paper in English. If your first language is not English, you should find this book particularly useful I have never written a paper before. Will this book help me? This book is intended both for inexperienced and experienced authors In the Contents page, a(#) indicates that inexperienced writers should pay particular attention to this subsection. You can refer to the other points when you write more papers in the future The useful phrases in Chap. 19 will help you to structure your paper and give you an indication of the typical coverage of each section I have written many papers before. Will I still learn something from this book? If you have ever had a paper rejected due to poor English, poor structure or poor readability, then this book will certainly help you What are the three most important things i wi learn from this book? This book is based on three fundamental guidelines I ALWAYS THINK ABOUT THE REFEREE AND THE READER Your aim is to have your paper published. You will increase your chances of accep tance of your manuscript if referees and journal editors (i) find your paper easy to read,(ii) understand what gap you filled and how your findings differ from the Preface literature. You need to meet their expectations with regard to how your content is organized. This is achieved by writing clearly and concisely, and by carefully struc- turing not only each section, but also each paragraph and each sentence. 2 READ OTHER PAPERS. LEARN THE STANDARD PHRASES USE THESE PAPERS AS A MODEL You will improve your command of English considerably by reading lots of other papers in your field. You can underline or note down the typical phrases that they use to express the various language functions(e.g. outlining aims, reviewing the literature, highlighting their findings) that you too will need in your paper. You can also note down how they structure their paper and then use their paper as a template (i.e. a model) for your own 3 WRITE CONCISELY WITH NO REDUNDANCY AND NO AMBIGUITY, AND YOU WILL MAKE LESS MISTAKES IN YOUR ENGLISH The more you write, the more mistakes in English you will make. If you avoid redundant words and phrases you will significantly increase the readability of your aper What else will i learn? You will learn how to significantly improve your chances of having your paper published by thinking in terms of the referee and the reader reduce the number of mistakes you make in English plan and organize your paper, and structure each paragraph and each sentence so that the reader can easily follow the logical build-up towards various conclusions decide what to include in the various parts of the paper (Introduction, Methodology, Discussion etc. and what typical phrases to use write a title and an abstract that will attract attention and be read ighlight your claims and contribution make it 100% clear whether you are referring to your own work or someone else's use the minimum number of words required -this does not mean that less scientific content will be included but simply that you find the clearest and most concise way to express this content increase the level of readability of your paper by helping readers to quickl understand what you are saying identify the correct style-personal or impersonal choose the correct tenses avoid ambiguity, for example being very careful that it is 100%o clear what pronouns (e.g. it, them, this, these, one)refer to Clearly, researchers from different disciplines write in different ways and sometimes follow a different structure. For example, there are significant differences between the Preface ways a medical, mathematical and sociological paper are written and constructed However, whatever field you are in, the rules of good writing in English are the same clarity, logic, conciseness(no redundancy), no ambiguity, and the highest level of read ability possible This book focuses on language, structure and readability issues. It also tells you the key elements to include in the various sections of a paper It does not cover, for example, how to compile figures, tables, and bibliographies Who else will benefit from reading this book? Proofreaders, those who work for editing services, referees, journal editors and EFL, ESL and eap trainers should also find this book useful I hope to be able to show you the reasons why the english of non-native speakers often does not com- ply with the standards of international journals. Knowing these reasons should then help you to give advice to authors on how to improve their manuscripts, and stu- dents on how to improve their writing in general. It should also help you understand the difficulties that non-natives have when writing in English Finally, if you are a tutor, supervisor or professor of any nationality, I hope that you will use this book as a resource to help your students improve their scientific writing skills. I imagine that you are generally able to identify the errors in writing made by your students, but you may not have the time or knowledge to explain how to rectify such mistakes I am a native English speaker. Should i read this book? Most certainly. It contains good writing rules that are also found in books written exclusively for a native audience. Even papers written by native speakers are rejected in terms of poor readability i.e. the referee cannot understand what you are trying to say even though your English is grammatically correct. The only chapter that you probably dont need to read is Chap 2, which deals with word order in English. Also, there are some grammatical rules that you can skip How is this book organized? The book is divided into two parts and the full contents can be seen in the Contents on page xiii. This Contents page also acts as a mini summary of the entire book Part 1: Guidelines on how to improve your writing skills and level of readability Part 2: Guidelines about what to write in each section(Abstract, Introduction, Methodology etc. ) what tenses to use, and typical useful phrases I recommend you read all of part I before you start writing your paper Then refer to specific chapters in Part 2 when you write the various sections of your paper Preface Each chapter begins with a very quick summary of its importance. This is fol lowed either by advice from experts in writing and/or science, or by typical com ments made by referees in their reports. Many of the comments from the experts were commissioned specifically for this book. The other quotations are referenced in the links and references section at the back of the book The referees' com- ments are extracts from referees' reports, which I have edited to make them more concise and to avoid any technical words. The comments are designed to make you think of typical things referees might say about your work, and thus to warn you of potential pitfalls in your paper a typical chapter then proceeds with a series of points for you to take into account when you are carrying out a particular writing task Each chapter ends with a summary of the main points Chapter 20, the final chapter in the book, contains a checklist of things to check and to consider before sending your manuscript to the journal What about grammar? Chapter 1 covers syntax, i.e. where to position different types of word(nouns adverbs etc. )within a sentence. Chapter 6 discusses the most common grammatical mistakes that cause ambiguity and which could thus cause your paper to be rejected Other essential grammar rules are covered in relation to when they are required in specific sections of a paper - see the Index on page 00. Further details on grammar are provided in the companion volume: English for Research: Usage, Style, and grammar Are the extracts in this book taken from real papers? Most of the examples are taken from real published papers, and in some cases the names of the authors and titles of the papers, plus where they can be downloaded, can be found in the links and references section at the back of the book To explain some specific points, I have used original and revised versions of extracts from unpublished papers (i.e. from manuscripts being prepared by my PhD students)-again these are referenced at the back of the book. In a few other cases, I have invented examples How do i know if the examples given are good or bad examples Example sentences are preceded by an s, e.g. Sl, S2. If they contain an asterisk (e. g. S1=) then they are examples of sentences that either contain incorrect English or are not recommended for some other reason. Longer examples are contained in a table. This table contains the original version(ov) and the revised version(rv) Unless otherwise specified, the Ovs are all examples of how not to write Preface Other books in this series This book is a part of series of books to help non-native English-speaking research- ers to communicate in english The other titles are English for Presentations at international conferences English for Academic Correspondence and socializing English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar English for Academic Research: Grammar Exercises English for Academic Research: Vocabulary exercises English for Academic Research: Writing Exercises Acronyms and abbreviations I have used and/or coined the following acronyms for use throughout this book KF: key finding(a very important result of your research KFP: key finding paragraph(a paragraph where a key finding is introduced and cusse NS: native speaker(someone whose first language is English) NNS: non native speaker(someone whose first language is not English) OV: original version PV paraphrased version RV: revised version S sentence S: this sentence contains incorrect English Note: Throughout the book I use X, Y and Z to replace the technical words used by the author of the example text Glossary The definitions below are my definitions of how various terms are used in this book They should not be considered as official definitions adjective: a word that describes a noun(e.g. significant, usual) adverb: a word that describes a verb or appears before an adjective(e. g. signifi cantly, usually ambiguity: words and phrases that could be interpreted in more than one way active: use of a personal pronoun/subject before a verb, e. g. we found that x= y rather than it was found that x=y direct object: in the sentence 'I have a book,, the book is the direct object indirect object: in the sentence 'I gave the book to Anna,, book is the direct object and Anna is the indirect object

试读 127P English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍
立即下载 低至0.43元/次 身份认证VIP会员低至7折
  • 签到新秀

  • 分享宗师

关注 私信 TA的资源
English for Writing Research Papers 2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍 50积分/C币 立即下载
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第1页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第2页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第3页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第4页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第5页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第6页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第7页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第8页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第9页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第10页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第11页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第12页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第13页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第14页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第15页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第16页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第17页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第18页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第19页
English for Writing Research Papers  2011 Adrian Wallwork写学术科研英文论文的经典指导书籍第20页

试读结束, 可继续阅读

50积分/C币 立即下载 >