academic-writing-a-handbook-for-international-students.pdf

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Academic Writing: A Handbook for International Students
International students have many adjustments to make as they enter British universities and Stephens book makes at least one area of their lives- academic study- much more approachable. With its straightforward approach and improved layout, it will be a book many students will come to regard as an essential companion to their university lives Stephen Dewhirst, Freelance eap teacher, UK Stephen Bailey has produced an excellent new edition of his popular book Academic Writing This book presents a great blend of advice and practice. The advice focuses on what is required in terms of academic writing at university. He addresses different types of academic writing and even includes sample writing texts. The practice breaks down academic writing by focussing on the language typically required in academic settings with lots of student exercises. His book takes the international student writer through the process of academic writing, moving from understanding academic writing tasks to using reading sources through to revising and drafting the final text Dr Lindy Woodrow, Director China education Centre University of Sydney, Australia International students and indeed all students should find this book very helpful. It is accessible to read and engages in an explicit and sharply focused manner with many elements of the critical use of reading, of writing and of studying. The book usefully explain exemplifies, and tests understanding. It deals with the problematic areas of plagiarism and grammatical work, of developing argument and counter argument, and essay expression should be very useful for international students engaged in academic writing Professor Gina Wisker, University of Brighton, UK Stephen Bailey's Academic Writing is one of the few academic writing books that deal with core areas effectively language, text type, academic conventions and the writing process This is done by giving simple explanations, authentic examples and useful practice opportunities which can either be done in class or as self study. The book appeals to a range of levels including pre and in sessional students and equips them with a range of the key language and skills needed to embark on academic writing in higher educati Fiona Gilbert, Oxford Brookes ity, UK The third edition of Academic Writing: A Handbook for International Students will be welcome by all students new to academic writing in English-medium colleges and universities The book is carefully set out to guide students step by step through the maze of assignment types, writing conventions and mysterious vocabulary they will find when entering higher education. Moving from the writing process through common patterns of grammar and argument to models of literature reviews, essays and reports, the handbook offers a clear practical and accessible introduction to the skills students will need to write effectively at universitv Professor Ken Hyland, University of Hong Kong This book provides international students with a useful introduction to the basic practices in reading and writing for academic purposes. It includes topics such as the typical content of article abstracts, the mechanics of citation and referencing, and some uses of sources in writing- topics that will help international students studying in an english medium university for the first time, to meet their tutors'expectations in reading and writing assignments. The chapter on reading advises a critical attitude to internet resources, advice most relevant to students today Antonia Chandrasegaran, National Institute of Education, Singapore Academic Writing A Handbook for International students Third edition Stephen bailey i Routledge Taylor Francis Group ONDON AND NEW YORK First edition published 2003 by routledge Second edition published 2006 by routledge This edition published 2011 by routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 ARN Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by routledge 270 Madison avenue、 New york、NY100l6 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor e francis Group, an informa business This edition published in the Taylor Francis e-Library, 2011 To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor francis or Routledges collectionofthousandsofebooKspleasegotowww.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk o 2011 Stephen baile All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers British Library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data Bailey, stephen, 1947 Academic writing for international studies of business Stephen bailey- lst ed Includes bibliographical references and index 1. Authorship. 2. Academic writing. 3. Business writing PNl51.B2620l1 80806665-dc22 2010014023 ISBN0-203-83165-9 Master e-book ISBN ISBNI3:978-0-415-59580-3(hbk ISBN13:978-0415-59581-0(pbk) ISBN13:978-0-203-83165-6(cbk) Contents acknowledgements Teachers introduction Studentsintroduction Academic writing quiz XIX Part 1 The writing process 1.1 Background to writing The purpose of academic writing 3 Common types of academic writing 4 The format of long and short writing tasks 5 The features of academic writing 6 Some other common text features 7 Simple and complex sentences 8 riting in paragraphs 9 1.2A Reading: finding suitable sources Academic texts 11 Types of text 14 Using reading lists 14 Using library catalogues 15 Using library websites to search electronic resources 17 1.2B Reading: developing critical approaches 19 Reading methods 19 Titles, sub-titles and text features 21 Reading abstracts 22 Fact and opinion 23 Assessing internet sources critically 24 Critical thinking 27 1.3 Avoiding plagiarism 30 hat is plagiarism? 30 Acknowledging sources 31 Degrees of plagiarism 32 Avoiding plagiarism by summarising and paraphrasing 33 Avoiding plagiarism by developing good study habits 35 Contents 1.4 From understanding titles to planning 36 The planning process 36 Analysing essay titles 37 Brainstorming 38 Essay length 39 Outlines 40 1. 5 Finding key points and note-making 43 Note-making methods 44 Finding key points 45 Finding relevant points 46 Effective note-making 47 1.6 Paraphrasing 50 The elements of effective paraphrasing 50 Techniques for paraphrasing 52 1.7 Summarising 56 hat makes a good summary? 56 Stages of summarising 57 1. 8 References and quotations 62 Why use references? 62 Citations and references 63 Reference verbs and systems 64 Using quotations 65 Organising the list of references 69 1.9 Combining sources 72 Mentioning sources 72 Taking a critical approach 73 Combining three sources 76 1.10 Organising paragraphs 77 Paragraph structure 77 Development of ideas 80 Linking paragraphs together 81 1.1 Introductions and conclusions 83 Introduction contents 83 Introduction structure 84 Opening sentences 86 Conclusions 88 1.12 Re-writing and proof-reading 90 Re-writing 90 Proof-reading 93 Confusing pairs 96 Contents Part 2 Elements of writing 99 2.1 Argument and discussion 10l Discussion vocabulary 101 Organisation 102 The language of discussion 105 Counter-arguments 106 Providing evidence 106 2.2 Cause and effect 109 The language of cause and effect 109 2.3 Cohesion l15 Reference words 115 Preventing confusion 117 2.4 Comparisons 119 Comparison structures 119 Forms of comparison 121 Using superlatives 122 2.5 Definitions 126 Simple definitions 126 Complex definitions 128 2.6 Examples 130 Using examples 130 Phrases to introduce examples 131 Restatement 133 2.7 Generalisations 134 Using generalisations 134 Structure 135 Building on generalisations 138 2. 8 Numbers 139 The language of numbers 139 Percentages 140 Simplification 141 Further numerical phrases 142 2.9 Problems and solutions 145 Structure 145 Vocabulary 148 2.10 Style 150 Components of academic style 150 Guidelines 152 Contents Avoiding repetition and redundancy 154 Varying sentence length 155 2.11 Visual information 158 The language of change 158 Types of visuals 159 Describing visuals 162 Labelling 163 2.12 Working in groups 166 Why work in groups? 166 Making group work successful 168 Dealing with problems 169 Points to remember 170 Part 3 Accuracy in writing 173 3.1 Abbreviations 175 Types of abbreviation 175 Some common abbreviations 176 Abbreviations in writing 177 3.2 Academic vocabulary 179 Adjectives, nouns and verbs 179 Formality in verbs 182 3.3 Articles 184 Use of articles 184 Using definite articles 185 3. 4 Caution 188 The use of caution 188 The language of caution 189 Using modifiers 189 3.5 Conjunctions 192 Types of conjunctions 192 Conjunctions of opposition 196 3.6 Nouns and adjectives 198 Using nouns and adjectives 198 Abstract nouns 201 3.7 Prefixes and suffixes 203 How prefixes and suffixes work 203 Prefixes 204 Suffixes 205 Contents 3.8 Prepositions 207 Using prepositions 207 3.9 Punctuation 212 Capitals 212 Apostrophes 213 Semi-colons 213 Colons 213 Commas 214 Quotation marks 214 3.10 Singular or plural: 217 Five areas of difficulty 217 Group phrases 218 Uncountable nouns 219 3.11 Synonyms 222 How synonyms work 222 Common synonyms in academic writing 223 3.12 Time words 226 How time words are used 226 Time words and tenses 227 3.13 Verbs- passives 231 Active and passive 231 Structure 232 Using adverbs 232 3.14 Verbs of reference 236 Using verbs of reference 236 Common referring verbs 237 3.15 Verbs- tenses 241 Using tenses 241 Simple or continuous? 243 Using time phrases 244 Part 4 Writing models 247 4.1 Formal letters and emails 249 Letters 249 Emails 252 4.2 Writing CVs 254 The contents of a cv 254

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木-槿 第三版,,,还这么贵,,都出到第五版了。。。清晰度可以
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