CCNA实验指南

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CCNA实验指南,完美版!实验 1 Cisco IOS路由器基本命令 ...................... 1 实验 2 Cisco路由器管理进阶 ......................... 11 实验 3 配置静态路由及默认路由 ...................... 31 实验 4 配置RIP路由协议 ............................. 39 实验5 配置OSPF路由协议 ........................... 49 实验6 配置EIGRP路由协议 .......................... 59
Username:输入用户名 Password:输入密码 YB REMOTE SERVER>groupX R1 Trying groupX r1.. Op en Router Router> YB REMOTE SERVER>groupX r2 Trying groupx r2.. Open Router> Router> 在用户模式下,使用 enable命令进入特权模式 Router>enable Router# 在特权模式下,使用 disable命令回到用户模式 Router#disable Route 在用户模式下,输入“eη”,在按下“Tab”键,试命令自动补全,体会“Tab”键的作用 Router>en //按下Tab键 Router>enab1e/按下Tab键后,自动补全为enab1e Router# 在用户模式下,输入“en”,输入“?”,体会 CiSCO IOS的指令帮助体系 Routeryen enable Router>en 在用户模式下,输入“en”’直接输λ回车,进入特权模式,体会路由器对简写指令的识別 Router >en Router 在特权模式下,使用 Configure termina1指令,进入全局配置模式,注意结合使用“Tab” 键 Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z 〃/粗体部分是路由器对配置者的反馈信息表明进入全局配置模式,如退出可以使用ctr1+Z Router (config)# 在全局配置模式下,使用exit指令回到特权模式 Router(config)#exit Router 再次进入全局配置模式,使用 hostname指令将两台路由器上机名分别改成R1和R2 Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z Router(config)#hostname r1 R1(config)# Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z Router(config)#hostname r2 R2(config)# 回到特权模式,使用 show version指令,检査路由器的平台信息,回答以下问题: a)路由器的硬件平台是」 (2611/2621/2621XM/2616) )路由器的工0S版木是 (12.2/12.3/12.4) C)路由器是否有 Ethernet接口 d)路由器是否有 Fastethernet接∏? R1#show version Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software Ios (tm) C2600 Software (C2600-IK903S3-M),Version 12. 3(10a), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2) //粗体部分是IOs版本 Copyright (c)1986-2004 by cisco Systems, Inc Compiled Fri 22-0ct-04 20: 43 by kellythw Image text-base: 0x80008098, data base: 0X819EB2B4 ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(6r), RELEASE SOF TWARE (fc1) R1 uptime is 3 hours, 2 minutes System returned to RoM by power-on System image file is " flash: k9. bin This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for compliance with U.s. and local country laws. By using this product you agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable to comply with U.s. and local laws, return this product immediately A summary of U.s. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stgrg.html If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to export(cisco. com cisco 2621(MPC860)processor (revision 0x00)with 56320K/9216k bytes of memory //粗体部分是路由器的平台类型 Processor board ID JAD0615OMN3 (3063470768) M860 processor: part number 0, mask 49 Bridging software X 25 software, version 3.0.0 2 Fastethernet/IEEE8θ2.3 interface(s)/粗体部分是路由器局域网接冂类型 32K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory 16384k bytes of processor board System flash (Read /Write) Configuration register is 0x2142 进入全局配置模式,并使用 interface指令进入第一个局域网接口,您的路由器局域网接 口的类型和名称在步骤9中可以确定( Ethernet或 Fastethernet) R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z R1(config#interface fastethernet 0/0 RI(config-if)# 在接口模式下,使用 shutdown指令将该接口关闭 注意: Cisco路由器的所有接∏默认都是关闭的, Cisco交换机的所有接冂默认都是打开的 R1(config#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#shutdown 在接∏模式下,使用 no shutdown指令将该接冂打丌 R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown FMar 1 02: 29: 55.003: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernete/0, changed state to up *Mar 1 02: 29: 56. 003: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Fastethernete/0, changed state to up//出现信息,告知接口已经开启 在接口模式下,使用 ip address指令,根湉拓扑要求,分别正确配置两台路由器的接口 IP地址 R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(conf1g-if)# ip address192.168.X,1255,255.255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown ∥/接口IP地址配置好后,要记得将接 口打开 R2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R2( config-if)# ip address192.168,x,2255,255,255.0 R2 (config-if)#no shutdown 在接口模式下,使用exit指令,回到全局配置模式 R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(conf立g-立f)#exit R1(config)# 在R1上,回到特权模式,使用ping指令,测试R1和R2的链路通信,判断接冂配置是否 正确 R1#ping192.168.X.2 Type escape sequence to abort Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168x 2, timeout is 2 seconds !!!//此处“.”表示时间超时“!”表示链路正常通信 Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max =1/2/4 ms 在特权模式下,使用 show interface指令检查所有接∏的详绀信息,检查先前配置的接 口状态是否是(1 ine protocol UP),同时也能看到该接口的IP地址 R1#show inter faces FastEthernete/o is up, line protocol is up //粗体部分表明路由器的接口 fastethernet8/8已经打开,可以通 Hardware is amdFE, address is 0009.7c779080 (bia 0009.7c779080) Internet address is 192. 168 x 1/24 //粗体部分表明路由器的接∏ fastethernete/e的ip地址 MTU 1500 bytes, BW 100000 Kbit, dLY 100 usec reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255 Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set Keepalive set (10 sec) Full-duplex, 100Mb/s, 100BaseTX/FX ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04: 00: 00 Last input 00: 00: 00, output 00: 00: 01, output hang never Last clearing of show interface counters never Input queue:0/75/31540(size/maxdrops/flushes); Total output drops: 0 Queueing strategy: fifo Output queue: 0/40 (size/max) 5 minute input rate 20000 bits/sec, 4 packets/sec 5 minute output rate e bits/sec,0 packets/sec 57764 packets input, 32052652 bytes Received 57621 broadcasts B,e runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles 365 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 365 overrun ,0 ign 0 watchdog o input packets with dribble condition detected 42 packets output, 3713 bytes, 0 underruns 0 output errors, 0 collisions, 2 interface resets e babbles 0 late collision o deferred 0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier o output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out FastEtherneto/ 1 is administratively down, line protocol is down Hardware is AmdFE, address is 0009.7c779081 (bia 0009. 7c77.9081) MTU 1500 bytes, BW 100000 kbit, DLY 100 usec, reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/ 255 Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set Keepalive set (10 sec) Auto-duplex, Auto Speed, 100BaseTX/FX ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04: 00: 00 Last input 00: 17: 36, output never, output hang never Last clearing of show interface"counters never Input queue: 0/75/0/0(size/max/drops/flushes ) Total output drops: 0 Queueing strategy: fifo Output queue: 0/40(size/max) 5 minute input rate e bits/sec, 0 packets/sec 5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec 12483 packets input, 7071120 bytes Received 12483 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants,0 throttles 0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored 0 watchdog 0 input packets with dribble condition detected 0 packets output, e bytes, 0 underruns o output errors, 0 collisions,0 interface resets e babbles. a late collision a deferred 0 lost carrier 0 no carrier 0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out 在特权模式下,使用 show ip interface brief指令检査路由器的接口IP概要信息,乜 能看到先前配置的接口状态接IP地址 R1#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address OK? Method status Protocol FastEthernete/e 192.168.X.1 YES manual up FastEthernet0/1 unassigned YESunset administratively down down 在特权模式下,使用 show protocols指令,检查所有接口的基本状态信息 R1#show protocols Global values Internet Protocol routing is enabled Fastetherneto 0 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 192.168 x 1/24 Fastethernete/1 is administratively down, line protocol is down 进入全局配置模式,使用 enable password指令,配置路由器的明文特权密码为 CISCO123 R1#configure termina Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z R1(config#enable password cisco123 RI(config)# 退回到用户模式,并尝试进入特权模式,体会明文特权密码的作用 R1*disable R1>enable Password:输入密码 CISCO123 R1# 进入全局配置模式,使用 enable secret指令,将路由器的密文特权密码为 CiSCO321 R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z RI(config)#enable secret cisco321 R1(config)# 回到特权模式,使用 show runηiπg-cωηfig检査配置文件中关于特权密码的配置,可以看 到 enable secret密码为密文字符,而 enable pa55Word密码为明文字符 R1#show running-config Building configuration Current configuration :672 bytes version 12. 3 service timestamps debug datetimemsec service timestamps log datetimemsec no service password-encryption hostname r1 boot -start-marker boot -end-marker enable secret 5 $1$vUiZsZTEhuHjIzghG8ZIxp32ab/ enab1 e password cisco123//可以看出 enable password和 secret password的区别 memory-sizeiomem 15 noaa new-model ip subnet-zero ipce ip audit po max-events 100 interface FastEtherneto/0 ip address192.168.x.1255.255.255.8 duplex auto speed auto interface FastEtherneto/ 1 noip address shutdown duplex auto speed auto phttpserver noiphttpsecure-server ip classless nocdp run

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