Linux For Dummies - 9th Edition (最新版)

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The best and newest book for new guys to LINUX system; After reading this book, you can move on <鸟哥的私房菜>.
Linux FOR DUMMIES TH EDITION by richard blum and Dee-Ann leblanc WILEY Wiley Publishing, Inc Linux for dummies. 9th edition Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River street Hoboken. NJ07030-5774 www.wiley.com Copyright o 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc Indianapolis, Indiana Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc, Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permit ted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA01923, (978)750-8400, fax(978)646-8600 Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John wiley &sonsInc.,11lRiverStreetHoboken,Nj07030,(201)748-6011,fax(201)748-6008,oronlineathttp www.wiley.com/go/permissions Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies. com, Making everything Easier, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley sons, Inc and/ or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission Linux is a registered trademark of linus torvalds. All other trademarks are the property of their respec. tive owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc, is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book LIMIT OF LIABILITY /DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES. INCLUDING WITH- OUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FUR THER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFOR- MATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE FURTHER. READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.s. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.s. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002 Fortechnicalsupportpleasevisitwww.wileycom/techsupport. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books Library of Congress Control Number: 2009931457 ISBN:9780470-46701-5 Manufactured in the united states of america 10987654321 WILEY About the author Richard blum has worked in the IT industry for more than 20 years as a network and systems administrator. During that time, he's had the opportu- nity to work with lots of different computer products, including Windows Netware, Cisco, Avaya, different flavors of UNIX, and of course, Linux. Over the years, he's also volunteered for several nonprofit organizations to help support small networks that had little financial support. Rich is the author of several Linux-based books for total Linux geeks, and a couple of windows based books for programmers When he's not being a computer nerd, Rich plays the electric bass in a church worship band, and enjoys spending time with his wife, Barbara, and their two daughters, Katie Jane and Jessica Dedication To my daughters, Katie Jane and Jessica. Remember: It's always a good time to learn new things (even when you're not in school) Author's Acknowledgments First, all praise and glory go to God, who through His Son makes all things possible, and gives us the gift of eternal life A special thanks to Dee-Ann Leblanc for passing the baton of this series to me It's amazing to think of the great authors who've been involved with guid ing this series from the start I'm glad to be able to build off of that tradition, and all your hard work Many thanks go to the great people at wiley Publishing for their help and guidance in writing this. Thanks to Kyle Looper, the acquisitions editor, for offering me this opportunity, and rebecca senninger, the project editor, for helping keep the project focused and on track. Many thanks to michael Wessler, the technical editor, for his tireless efforts at trying to make sure everything presented here was accurate and actually worked! Thanks also go to Carole Mcclendon at Waterside Productions for arranging this gig Finally, I'd like to thank my parents, Mike and Joyce Blum, for constantl stressing education over goofing off, and wife Barbara and two daughters Katie Jane and Jessica for their love and support, especially while working on is project Publishers Acknowledgments We're proud of this book; please send us your comments through our online registration form locatedathttp://dummies.custhelp.comForothercommentspleasecontactourCustomerCare Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002 Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following Acquisitions, Editorial, and media Composition Services Development Project Coordinator: Patrick redmond Project Editor: Rebecca senninger Layout and graphics: Samantha Allen (Previous edition Linda Morris) Reuben w. Davis, Timothy C Detrick Acquisitions Editor: Kyle Looper Andrea Hornberger, Ronald Terry Senior Copy Editor: Barry Childs-Helton Proofreaders: laura bowman Technical Editor: Michael Wessler Amanda graham. Jessica Kramer Editorial Manager: Leah cameron Indexer: Palmer Publishing Services Media development project manager Laura moss-hollister Media development assistant Project Manager: Jenny swisher Media development Associate Producer Shawn Patrick Editorial assistant: Amanda foxworth Sr Editorial Assistant: Cherie Case CartoonsRichTennant(www.the5thwave.com Publishing and Editorial for Technology Dummies Richard wadley, vice President and Executive Group Publisher Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher Mary bednarek, Executive Acquisitions Director Mary C. corder, Editorial Director Publishing for Consumer Dummies Diane graves steele. Vice President and publisher Composition Services Debbie stailey, Director of Composition Services Table of contents troducti0m们… About This book… How to Use This book Three Presumptuous assumptions How This book Is organized 122344 Part I: Getting Your Feet Wet Part I: Getting Up to speed with linux.………….………………4 Part II Getting Things Done Part IV: Junior Administrator Boot Camp Part v: The part of ten Part VI: Appendixes Icons used in This book 6 Where to go from here 6 Part 1: Getting your Feet Wet. Chapter 1: Getting Acquainted with Linux Is Free Really free? 9 Linux: Revolution or Just Another Operating System?………………………10 Anatomy of an Open-Source Software Project GNu who? Who's in charge of linux anya 15 Einstein was a volunteer 15 Packaging Linux: The Distribution 16 Core linux distributions 16 The linux LiveCD.………… Specialized linux distributions........19 Chapter 2: Prepping Your Computer for Linux Choosing the right Installation Approach 21 Replacing an existing operating system…………………,22 Using a second hard drive or partitioning a hard drive...... 22 Other installing scenarios 23 Preparing to Use Linux and microsoft Windows Together 24 Installing a second hard drive 24 Partitioning from scratch for a dual boot...... 26 Partitioning an existing hard drive for a dual boot ........ 26 Double-Checking Hardware Compatibility.………….34 Finally, Before You get Started 38 Linux for dummies, 9th edition Chapter 3: Installing Linux.,..,,..... ,,,,41 Things to Consider Before You Begin Installation 42 Installing from an Ubuntu live CD 43 Installing Fedora 54 Your first Fedora boot 62 Chapter 4: Examining the GNOME Desktop ■■ Breaking Down the GNOME Desktop 65 The menus Playing with gnome desktop icons……….,………73 Customizing your panels............................74 Iding an applet to the panel Configuring an apple Ditching an applet... 76 Adding a program to the panel or the desktop Removing a program from the desktop or the panel……….7 Configuring Your Desktop Appearance... The desktop theme .79 The background 82 Fonts 83 Interf 84 Visual effects…84 Enabling Accessibility Features .85 Chapter 5: Examining the KDE Desktop 87 The KDE Desktop Basics………… 87 M enu, please! The panel 92 The desktop 94 Using Widgets...... Adding widgets… Getting more widge Adjusting the Desktop Se Look feel 100 Personal 101 Network connectivity ∴102 Computer Administration.................102 Part 11: Getting up to Speed with Linux..m..,105 Chapter 6: Getting to Know the linux Filesystem......,,.. 107 Putting Together the Pieces of the Puzzle......107 Touring the linux Filesystem 108 The root of the tre The importance of being /etc ……110 Table of contents Where temporary media lives.....……...110 Where the computer is the/usr Managing your filesystem without a net (or mouse.........111 Viewing information about files on the command line......112 Understanding file listing information…………14 A permissions primer .115 Chapter 7: Using the Filesystem ■■m■■■ ■■■■ 119 Choosing a File manager...... 119 Sailin,through Folders with Nautilus..................... 120 Setting how much detail you see in a folder 122 Creating files and folders... 123 Opening files and running programs..... 124 Copying and moving files………… 125 Deleting files and folders 126 Taking out the trash Viewing and changing permissions………….….….……… .127 Swimming with Dolphin 128 All Hail the Konqueror.. 130 Using CDs and other removable media.……….….…….…......132 CDS, DVDs and USB flash drives 132 Floppy drives………,,,,, 133 Accessing Windows drives on This Computer …133 Accessing Network Drives 134 Burning data CDs and dVds. 135 The K3b package 135 Our friend nautil 137 B rasero 138 Finding Things …139 KInd 139 File searcher 140 Chapter 8: Connecting to the Internet 141 Getting Information You Need from Your ISP 141 Configuring Your Connection . Dialin’out …143 Network Manager ∴147 Its all Fun and games until something doesn t Work.......... 152 Part 111: Getting Things Chapter 9: Using the Browsing the Web with Firefox .157 Configuring Firefox ∴158 Expanding your universe with add-ons……………………164 Surfing the Web 165 Vi Linux For Dummies, 9th Edition Taking Advantage of Instant Messaging ∴167 Using the Pidgin Instant Messenger .167 Checkin' out Kopete....................................170 Troubleshooting your IM connections 172 Downloading with BitTorrent.................................173 Dealing with Old-Fashioned File Transfers .175 Talkin'on the phone ∴17 Using the default: Ekiga.......177 Talking with Skype...... .179 Working with other Internet tools 81 Chapter 10: E-Mailing the world 183 Looking Before You Leap …183 Evolving into E-Mail: Evolution.………… .184 Setting up evolution....... 185 Sending and checking e-mail.…….….….….….….….………190 Working with KMail 193 Setting up kmail 193 Customizing kmail 196 Eating spam..... 199 Chapter 11: Putting the X in Text 201 Going with gedit .201 Entering and editing text in gedit….,…,…,… 202 Saving your work…… 202 Setting preferences 03 Editing Text in the Kde des ktop writ p 207 Chapter 12: Word Processing and More with OpenOffice. org 213 Installing the Open office. org Suite 214 Word Processing with Open Office. Org Writer. Taking a tour of Open Office. org Writer Working with Writer files 218 Spreadsheets with Open Office. Org Calc.... 219 Taking a tour of Open Office. org Calc 220 Working with Calc file 23 Presentations with Open office. Org Impress…………224 ing the Presentation wizard 224 Taking a tour of Open office. org impress.…….…..….…..227 Working with Impress files Fine art with Open office. Org Draw ……231 Taking a tour of Open Office. org Draw..... .231 Working with Draw files 234 Managing Data with Open Office. org Base Getting help from the wizard 235 Taking a tour of Open Office. Sitting down at the table 239

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shenxinshan621107 非常好的linux入门书籍,原版,值得下载。
2013-12-27
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