德国工业4.0白皮书英文版

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德国工业4.0英文版白皮书,有利于大家对工业4.0的了解。
Plattform INDUSTRIE 4.0 Contents Executive summary Working group members Authors Technical experts Introduction 2 The vision: Industrie 4.0 as part of a smart, networked world 18 2. 1 Shaping the vision of Industrie 4.0 2.2 What will the future look like under Industrie 40? 2.3 Novel business opportunities and models 2. 4 New social infrastructures in the work place 9m284 2.5 Novel service-based, real-time enabled cPs platforms 2.6 The road to Industrie 4.0 Example application 1 Reducing the energy consumed by a vehicle body assembly line while it is not in use 3 The dual strategy: becoming a leading market and supplier 3. 1 Leading supplier strategy 29 3.2 Leading market strategy 3.3 The dual strategy and its key features Example application 2 End-to-end system engineering across the entire value chain 4 Research requirements 5 Priority areas for action 5. 1 Standardisation and open standards for a reference architecture 34332 5.2 Managing complex systems 5.3 Delivering a comprehensive broadband infrastructure for industry 5. 4 Safety and security as critical factors for the success of Industrie 4.0 5.5 Work organisation and work design in the digital industrial age 5.6 Training and continuing professional development for Industrie 4.0 5.7 Regulatory framework 2558 5.8 Resource efficiency Example application 3 Supporting custom manufacturing an example of how an individua customer' s requirements can be met 2 Industrie 4.0 Example application 4 Telepresence 6 How does germany compare with the rest of the world Example application 5 Sudden change of supplier during production due to a crisis beyond the manufacturers control 73 7 Outlook 74 Background: The strategic initiative Industrie 4.0 76 Industrie 4.0 3 Executive summary ecutive summary Germany has one of the most competitive manufac- enable and require end-to-end engineering across the turing industries in the world and is a global leader in entire value chain the manufacturing equipment sector. This is in no small measure due to Germany's specialisation in re- Industrie 4.0 holds huge potential. Smart factories allow search, development and production of innovative individual customer requirements to be met and mean manufacturing technologies and the management of that even one-off items can be manufactured profitably complex industrial processes. Germany's strong ma- In Industrie 4.0, dynamic business and engineering chinery and plant manufacturing industry, its globally processes enable last-minute changes to production significant level of IT competences and its know-how and deliver the ability to respond flexibly to disruptions in embedded systems and automation engineering and failures on behalf of suppliers, for example. End-to mean that it is extremely well placed to develop its end transparency is provided over the manufacturing position as a leader in the manufacturing engineering process, facilitating optimised decision-making. In industry. Germany is thus uniquely positioned to tap dustrie 4.0 will also result in new ways of creating val- into the potential of a new type of industrialisation ue and novel business models. In particular, it will pro Industrie 4.0 vide start-ups and small businesses with the opportunity to develop and provide downstream services The first three industrial revolutions came about as a result of mechanisation electricity and IT. Now, the in- In addition Industrie 4.0 will address and solve some troduction of the Internet of Things and services into of the challenges facing the world today such as the manufacturing environment is ushering in a fourth resource and energy efficiency, urban production and industrial revolution. In the future, businesses will es- demographic change. Industrie 4.0 enables continu tablish global networks that incorporate their machin- ous resource productivity and efficiency gains to be ery, warehousing systems and production facilities in delivered across the entire value network. It allows the shape of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). In the work to be organised in a way that takes demograpl manufacturing environment, these Cyber-Physical ic change and social factors into account. Smart as Systems comprise smart machines, storage systems sistance systems release workers from having to per- and production facilities capable of autonomously ex- form routine tasks, enabling them to focus on creative, hanging information, triggering actions and control- value-added activities. In view of the impending short ling each other independently. This facilitates funda- age of skilled workers, this will allow older workers to mental improvements to the industrial processes extend their working lives and remain productive for involved in manufacturing, engineering, material us- longer Flexible work organisation will enable workers age and supply chain and life cycle management. The to combine their work, private lives and continuing smart factories that are already beginning to appear professional development more effectively, promoting employ a completely new approach to production a better work-life balance Smart products are uniquely identifiable, may be lo cated at all times and know their own history, current Global competition in the manufacturing engineering status and alternative routes to achieving their target sector is becoming fiercer and fiercer and germany is state. The embedded manufacturing systems are ver- not the only country to have recognised the trend to de tically networked with business processes within fac- ploy the Internet of Things and Services in manufacturing tories and enterprises and horizontally connected to industry. Moreover, it is not just competitors in Asia that dispersed value networks that can be managed in real pose a threat to German industry-the US is also taking time - from the moment an order is placed right measures to combat deindustrialisation through pro- through to outbound logistics. In addition, they both grammes to promote" advanced manufacturing Industrie 4.0 5 In order to bring about the shift from industrial produc-. Managing complex systems: Products and tion to Industrie 4.0, Germany needs to adopt a dual manutacturing systems are becoming more and strategy. Germany's manufacturing equipment indus more complex. Appropriate planning and explana try should seek to maintain its global market leadership tory models can provide a basis for managing this by consistently integrating information and communica- growing complexity. Engineers should therefore be tion technology into its traditional high-tech strategies equipped with the methods and tools required to so that it can become the leading supplier of smart develop such models manufacturing technologies. At the same time, it will be A comprehensive broadband infrastructure for necessary to create and serve new leading markets for industry: Reliable, comprehensive and high-quality CPS technologies and products. In order to deliver the communication networks are a key requirement for goals of this dual CPs strategy, the following features Industrie 4.0, Broad band internet infrastructure of Industrie 4.0 should be implemented therefore needs to be expanded on a massive scale, both within Germany and between Germany Horizontal integration through value networks and its partner countries. End-to-end digital integration of engineering Safety and security: Safety and security are both across the entire value chain critical to the success of smart manufacturing Vertical integration and networked manufactur systems. It is important to ensure that production ng systems facilities and the products themselves do not pose a danger either to people or to the environment. at The journey towards Industrie 4.0 will require germany the same time, both production facilities and to put a huge amount of effort into research and devel- products and in particular the data and information opment. In order to implement the dual strategy, re they contain -need to be protected against search is required into the horizontal and vertical inte misuse and unauthorised access. this will require gration of manufacturing systems and end-to-end for example, the deployment of integrated safety integration of engineering. In addition, attention should and security architectures and unique identifiers, be paid to the new social infrastructures in the work- together with the relevant enhancements to place that will come about as a result of Industrie 4.0 training and continuing professional development systems, as well as the continued development of CPs content technologies Work organisation and design: In smart factories the role of employees will change significantly If Industrie 4.0 is to be successfully implemented, re- Increasingly real-time oriented control will transform search and development activities will need to be ac work content, work processes and the working companied by the appropriate industrial and industrial environment. Implementation of a socio-technical policy decisions. The Industrie 4.0 Working Group be approach to work organisation will otter workers the lieves that action is needed in the following eight key opportunity to enjoy greater responsibility and areas enhance their personal development. For this to be possible, it will be necessary to deploy participative Standardisation and reference architecture work design and lifelong learning measures and to Industrie 4.0 will involve networking and integration launch model reference projects t several ditterent companies through value Training and continuing professional develop- networks. This collaborative partnership will only b ment: Industrie 4.0 will radically transform workers possible if a single set of common standards is job and competence profiles. It will therefore be developed a reference architecture will be needed necessary to implement appropriate training to provide a technical description of these stand strategies and to organise work in a way that ards and facilitate their implementation fosters learning, enabling lifelong learning and 6 Industrie 4.0 workplace-based CPD. In order to achieve this Resource efficiency: Quite apart from the high model projects and"best practice networks" should costs, manufacturing industry's consumption of be promoted and digital learning techniques should large amounts of raw materials and energy also be investigated poses a number of threats to the environment and security of supply. Industrie 4.0 will deliver gains in e Regulatory framework: Whilst the new manufac resource productivity and efficiency. It will be turing processes and horizontal business networks necessary to calculate the trade-offs between the found in Industrie 4.0 will need to comply with the additional resources that will need to be invested in law, existing legislation will also need to be smart factories and the potential savings generated adapted to take account of new innovations. the challenges include the protection of corporate The journey towards Industrie 4.0 will be an evolution data, liability issues, handling of personal data and ary process. Current basic technologies and experi- trade restrictions. This will require not only legisla- ence will have to be adapted to the specific require tion but also other types of action on behalf of ments of manufacturing engineering and innovative businesses an extensive range of suitable solutions for new locations and new markets will have instruments exists, including guidelines, model to be explored. If this is done successfully, Industrie 4.0 contracts and company agreements or self-regula- will allow germany to increase its global competitive tion initiatives such as audits ness and preserve its domestIc manutacturing industry Industrie 4.0 7 Working group members Authors Technical experts

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