3G_EVOLUTION_HSPA_AND_LTE_FOR_MOBILE_BROADBAND(2nd_edition).pdf

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这本书是LTE外文书中的三巨头之一,另外两本是《LTE-UMTS长期演进理论与实践》和《UMTS中的LTE》。中文版的译者还是同事,所以也是有缘呀。 这本书老早就看过了,但是由于作者来自爱立信,总感觉内容已经读过,所以看得很粗,体会不到这本书的优点。这次仔细读了一下第二部分和第三部分,感觉大家的评价还是有道理的,的确写得不错。当然,从我的角度,读第三部分可能不如读《WCDMA空中接口技术》,但是第二部分,真的需要好好读一下。 这本书的最大优点是,对C/I的分析很到位,比如第2部分介绍了如何克服I,很透彻。LTE的物理层部分写得很好,而且全书看不到公式。 这本书的最大缺点是,对LTE而言,缺了RRC以及PDCP,无线网络的内容不完整。另外,没有公式也导致有些内容不够深入,比如MBMS的喷泉吗是怎么回事?还好《LTE-UMTS长期演进理论与实践》对RRC以及PDCP讲得很仔细,相得益彰吧。
This page intentionally left blank 3G Evolution HSPA and lte for mobile broadband Second edition Erik dahlman, Stefan Parkvall, Johan skold and per bering ISTERDAM· BOSTON· HEIDELBERG· LONDON· NEW YORK· OXFORD PARIS· SAN DIEGO· SAN FRANCISCO· SINGAPORE· SYDNEY· TOKYO ELSEVIER Academic Press is an imprint of elsevier Academic Press is an imprint of elsevier Linacre house. Jordan hill. Oxford. OX2 8DP 30 Corporate Drive, Burlington, MA O1803 First edition 2007 Second edition 2008 Copyright o 2008. Erik Dahlman, Stefan Parkvall, Johan Skold and per beming Published by elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved The right of Erik Dahlman, Stefan Parkvall, Johan Skold and Per Bering to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher Permission may be sought directly from elsevier's science technology rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone (+44)(0)1865 843830; fax(+44)(0)1865 853333 email:permissions(@elsevier.com.Alternativelyyoucansubmityourrequestonlineby visitingtheElsevierwebsiteathttp://www.elsevier.com/locate/permissions,andselecting Obtaining permission to use Elsevier material Notice No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data 3G evolution: HSPa and LtE for mobile broadband. -2nd ed 1. Broadband communication systems-Standards 2. Mobile communication systems- Standards 3. Cellular telephone systems- Standards Ⅰ. Dahlman.Erik 621.3′8546 Library of Congress Control Number: 2008931278 ISBN:978-0-12-374538-5 For information on all Academic Press publications visit our website at elsevierdirect com TypesetbyCharonTecLtd.,AMacmillanCompany.(www.macmillansolutions.com) Printed and bound in great Britain by MPG books Ltd, Bodmin, Cornwall 080910111110987654321 Working together to grow libraries in developing countries www.elsevier.comwww.bookaid.orgIwww.sabre.org elsevier booked Sabre Foundation Contents List of Figures List of tables XXV Preface Acknowledgements XX List of acronyms XXXIII Part I: Introduction 1 Background of 3G evolution.................. 1. 1 History and background of 3G 1.1.1 Before 3G 1.1.2 Early 3G discussions 33356 1. 3 Research on 3G 1.1.4 3G Standardization starts 7 1. 2 Standardization 1. 2. 1 The standardization process 12.23GPP 9 1. 2. 3 IMT-2000 activities in Itu 1.3 Spectrum for 3G and systems beyond 3G. 13 2 The motives behind the 3g evolution.............. 15 2.1 Driving forces ..15 2. 1. 1 Technology advancements 16 2.1.2 Services 2. 1.3 Cost and performance 2.2 3G evolution: Two Radio access network approaches and an evolved core network .21 2.2.1 Radio Access network evolution 21 2.2.2 An evolved core network: system architecture evolution 24 Contents Part l: Technologies for 3G Evolution 27 3 High data rates in mobile communication........... 29 3.1 High data rates: Fundamental constraints 29 3.1.1 High data rates in noise-limited scenarios 3.1.2 Higher data rates in interference-limited scenarios ..33 3.2 Higher data rates within a limited bandwidth Higher-order modulation ..34 3.2. 1 Higher-order modulation in combination with channel coding 35 3.2.2 Variations in instantaneous transmit power ...36 3.3 Wider bandwidth including multi-carrier transmission .37 3.3.1 Multi-carrier transmission 4 OfdM transmission 43 4.1 Basic principles of OFDM ..43 4.2 ofdM demodulation 46 4.3 OFDM implementation using IFFT/FFT processing .,46 4.4 Cyclic-prefix insertion 48 4.5 Frequency-domain model of ofdm transmission 51 4.6 Channel estimation and reference symbol 52 4.7 Frequency diversity with OFDM: Importance of channel coding.. 53 4.8 Selection of basic OFDM parameters 55 4.8.1 OFDM subcarrier spacin 55 4.8.2 Number of subcarriers ...57 4.8.3 Cyclic-prefix length ..58 4.9 Variations in instantaneous transmission power........ 58 4.10 OFDM as a user-multiplexing and multiple -access scheme .59 4.11 Multi-cell broadcast/multicast transmission and ofdm 5 Wider-band 'single-carrier, transmission............ 65 5.1 Equalization against radio-channel frequency selectivity. ........65 5.1 Time-domain linear equalization 66 5.1.2 Frequency-domain equalization ...68 5.1.3 Other equalizer strategies 71 5.2 Uplink Fdma with flexible bandwidth assignment 71 5.3 DFT-Spread OFDM .73 5.3. 1 Basic principles ..74 5.3.2 DFTS-OFDM receiver 76 5.3.3 User multiplexing with dFTS-OFDM 5.3. 4 Distributed DFTS-OFDM 78 Contents 6 Multi-antenna techniques 81 6. 1 Multi-antenna configurations 81 6.2 Benefits of multi-antenna techniques............82 6. 3 Multiple receive antennas ...83 6.4 Multiple transmit antennas 88 6.4.1 Transmit-antenna diversity ..89 6.4.2 Transmitter-Side beam-forming 93 6.5 Spatial multiplexing 96 6.5.1 Basic principles 6.5.2 Pre-coder-based spatial multiplexing 6.5.3 Non-linear receiver processing 102 7 Scheduling, link adaptation and hybrid ARQ 。105 7. 1 Link adaptation: Power and rate control ..106 7.2 Channel-dependent scheduling .......107 7.2.1 Downlink scheduling 108 7.2.2 Uplink schedulin 7.2.3 Link adaptation and channel-dependent scheduling in the frequency domain ....,,,,,115 7.2.4 Acquiring on channel-state information 116 7.2.5 Traffic behavior and scheduling 117 7.3 Advanced retransmission schemes .118 7.4 Hybrid ARQ with soft combinin 120 Part II: HSPa 125 8 WCDMA evolution: hSPa and mbms。。,, 。127 8.1 WCDMA: Brief overview 129 8. 1.1 Overall architecture 129 8.1.2 Physical layer .132 8.1.3 Resource handling and packet-data session 137 9 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access 139 9.1 Overview 139 9.1.1 Shared-channel transmission 139 9.1.2 Channel-dependent scheduling 140 9.1.3 Rate control and higher-order modulation 142 9.1.4 Hybrid ARQ with soft combinin 142 9.1.5 Architecture 143 9.2 Details of HSdPa 144 ontents 9.2.1 HS-DSCH: Inclusion of features in WCDMa Release 5 .144 9.2.2 MAC-hs and physical-layer processing....... 147 9.2.3 Scheduling ..149 9. 2. 4 Rate contro ..150 9.2.5 Hybrid ArQ with soft combining 154 9.2.6 Data flow 157 9.2.7 Resource control for HS-DSCh 159 9.2.8 Mobility .160 9. 2.9 UE categories ....,,,.,162 9. 3 Finer details of hsdpa 162 9.3.1 Hybrid ARQ revisited: Physical-layer processin 162 9.3.2 Interleaving and constellation rearrangement .167 9.3.3 Hybrid ARQ revisited: Protocol operation 168 9.3.4 In-sequence delivery 170 9.3.5 MAC-hs header .172 9.3.6 CQI and other means to assess the downlink quality.. 174 9.3.7 Downlink control signaling: HS-SCCH 177 9.3.8 Downlink control signaling: F-DPCH 180 9.3.9 Uplink control signaling: HS-DPCCH ......180 10 Enhanced uplink ·。 185 10.1 Overview .,,,185 10.1.1 Scheduling.∴∴ ,,186 10.1.2 Hybrid arQ with soft combining...∴…..…188 10.1.3 Architecture ....,,189 10.2 Details of Enhanced Uplink 10.2.1 MAC-e and physical layer processing 193 10.2.2 Scheduling .195 10.2.3E- TFC selection.......,,,,,,,,,,,,....202 10.2.4 Hybrid ArQ with soft combining .203 10.2. 5 Physical channel allocation 208 10.2.6 Power control .210 10.2. 7 Data flow 211 10.2.8 Resource control for E-DCh 212 10.2.9 Mobility 213 10.2.1OUE categories ....213 10.3 Finer details of Enhanced uplink ,214 10.3.1 Scheduling-the small print ..,,214 10.3.2 Further details on hybrid arQ operation .223 10.3. 3 Control signaling .230 Contents 11 MBMS: Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services 。239 11.1 Overview .242 11.1. 1 Macro-diversity 243 11.1.2 Application-level coding ..245 11.2 Details of mbms 246 11.2.1MTCH... .247 1. 2.2 MCCH and mich 247 11.2.3MSCH 249 12 HSPA Evolution。,,,,,,,,,。,,。,,,,,,, .,251 12.1MIMO......,,. 251 12.1.1 HSDPA-miMo data transmission .252 12.1.2 Rate control for hSdPa-mimo 256 12.1.3 Hybrid-ARQ with soft combining for HSDPA-MIMO.. 256 12.1.4 Control signaling for HSDPA-mimo 257 12. 1. 5 UE capabilities .259 12.2 Higher-order modulation 259 12.3 Continuous packet connectivity 260 12.3.1 DTX-reducing uplink overhead .261 12.3.2 DRX-reducing ue power consumption ..264 12.3.3 HS-SCCH-less operation: downlink overhead reduction. 265 12. 3.4 Control signaling 267 12.4 Enhanced CeLL_FACH operation .267 12.5 Layer 2 protocol enhancements .269 12.6 Advanced receivers .270 12.6. 1 Advanced uE receivers specified in 3GPP ..,271 12.6.2 Receiver diversity(type 1) .271 12.6.3 Chip-level equalizers and similar receivers( type 2) 272 12.6.4 Combination with antenna diversity(type 3) 273 12.6. 5 Combination with antenna diversity and interference cancellation( type 31) .....274 12.7 MBSFn operation .,275 12. 8 Conclusion 275 Part Iv: te and sae 277 13 LTE and SAE: Introduction and design targets 279 13.1 LtE design targets 280 13.1.1 Capabilities .281 13.1.2 System performance 282

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