Mimo-Ofdm Wireless Communications With MATLAB

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MIMMO-OFDM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS WITH MATLAB MIMO-OFDM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS WITH MATLAB Yong Soo Cho Chung-Ang University, Republic of Korea RAekwon Kim Yonsei University, Republic of Korea Won Young Yang Chung-Ang University, Republic of Korea Chung G. Kang Korea University, Republic of Korea ◆IEEE IEEE PRESS John Wiley sons(asia) Pte Ltd Copyright o 2010 John Wiley Sons(Asia) Pte Ltd, 2 Clementi Loop, # 02-01 Singapore 129809 VisitourhomePageonwww.wileycom All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as expressly permitted by law, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate photocopy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center. Requests for permission should be addressed to the Publisher, John Wiley Sons(Asia) Pte Ltd, 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809, tel: 65-64632400 fax65-64646912,emailenquiry@wiley.com Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and produc names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners The Publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. All trademarks referred to in the text of this publication are the property of their respective owners MATLaB is a trademark of The Math Works, Inc. and is used with permission The Math Works does not warrant the accuracy of the text or exercises in this book. This books use or discussion of MaTlab software or related products does not constitute endo ent or sponsorship by The Math Works of a particular pedagogical approach or particular use of the MATLAB Software This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered It is sold on the understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought Other Wiley editorial offices John wiley sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, Po19 8sQ, UK John Wiley Sons Inc, lll River Street, Hoboken, NJ07030, USA Jossey-Bass 989 Market Street. San Francisco, Ca94103-1741. USA Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Boschstrasse 12, D-69469 Weinheim, Germany John Wiley sons Australia Ltd, 42 McDougall Street, Milton, Queensland 4064, Australia John Wiley sons Canada ltd, 5353 Dundas Street West, Suite 400, Toronto, ONT, M9B 6H8, Canada Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books orary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication MIMO-OFDM wireless communications with MATLAB Yong Soo Cho.let al. Includes bibliographical references and index ISBN978-0-470-82561-7( cloth) 1. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. 2. MIMO systems. 3. MATLAB. I Cho, Yong Soo TK5103484.M562010 621.384dc22 2010013156 Print Isbn:978-0-470-82561-7 ePDF ISBN:978-0-470-82562-4 oBook Isbn:978-0-470-82563- Typeset in 10/12pt Times by Thomson Digital, Noida, India This book is printed on acid-free paper responsibly manufactured from sustainable forestry in which at least two trees are planted for each one used for paper production To our parents and families who love and support us and to our students who enriched our knowledge Contents Preface Limits of liability and Disclaimer of warranty of Software 1 The Wireless Channel: Propagation and Fading 1.1 Large-Scale Fading 1.1 General Path Loss model 1.1.2 Okumura/hata model 448 1. 1.3 IEEE 802.16d Model 10 1.2 Small-Scale fading 15 1. 2. 1 Parameters for Small-Scale Fading 15 1. 2.2 Time-Dispersive vs. Frequency-Dispersive Fading 1. 2. 3 Statistical Characterization and generation of Fading Channel 19 2 SISO Channel models 5 2.1 Indoor Channel models 5 2.1.1 General Indoor channel models 26 2. 1.2 Ieee 802.11 Channel mode 28 2.1.3 Saleh-Valenzuela(s-V) Channel Model 30 2. 1.4 UWB Channel model 2.2 Outdoor Channel models 2.2.1 FWgn Model 41 2.2.2 Jakes model 50 2.2.3 Ray-Based Channel Model 54 2.2. 4 Frequency-Selective Fading Channel Model 2.2.5 sUI Channel model 65 3 MMO Channel models 71 3.1 Statistical mimo model 71 3.1.1 Spatial correlation 3.1.2 PAS Model 76 3.2 I-METRa MIMO Channel model 84 3.2.1 Statistical Model of Correlated mimo Fading channe 84 3. 2.2 Generation of Correlated Mimo Channel Coefficients 88 VIlI Contents 3.2.3 I-METRA MIMO Channel model 0 3.2.4 3GPP MIMO Channel model 94 3. 3 SCM MIMO Channel model 97 3.3.1 SCM Link-Level Channel Parameters 98 3.3.2 SCM Link-Level Channel Modeling 102 3.3.3 Spatial Correlation of Ray-Based Channel Model 105 4 Introduction to OFDM 111 4.1 Single-Carrier Vs Multi-Carrier Transmission l11 4.1.1 Single-Carrier Transmission 4.1.2 Multi-Carrier Transmission 115 4.1.3 Single-Carrier vs. Multi-Carrier Transmission 120 4.2 Basic Principle of OFDM 121 4.2.1 OFDM Modulation and demodulation 121 4.2.2 OFDM Guard Interval 126 4.2.3 OFDM Guard band 132 42.4 ber of ofDM Scheme 136 4.2.5 Water-Filling Algorithm for Frequency-Domain Link adaptation 139 4. 3 Coded OFDM 142 4.4 OFDMA: Multiple access Extensions of OFDM 143 4.4.1 Resource Allocation- Subchannel Allocation Types 145 4.4.2 Resource allocation- Subchannelization 146 4.5 Duplexing 150 5 Synchronization for oFDM 153 5.1 Effect of sto 153 5.2 Effect of cFO 156 5.2.1 Effect of Integer Carrier Frequency Offset(IFO) 159 5.2.2 Effect of Fractional Carrier Frequency Offset(FFO) 160 5.3 Estimation Techniques for STO 162 5.3.1 Time-Domain Estimation Techniques for Sto 162 5.3.2 Frequency-Domain Estimation Techniques for Sto 168 5.4 Estimation Techniques for CFO 170 5.4.1 Time-Domain Estimation Techniques for CFO 170 5. 4.2 Frequency-Domain Estimation Techniques for CFO 173 5.5 Effect of Sampling Clock Offset 177 5.5.1 Effect of Phase Offset in Sampling Clocks 177 5.5.2 Effect of Frequency Offset in Sampling Clocks 178 5.6 Compensation for Sampling Clock Offset 178 5.7 Synchronization in Cellular Systems 180 5.7.1 Downlink Synchronization 180 5.7.2 Uplink synchronization 183 6 Channel Estimation 187 6.1 Pilot structure 187 6.1.1 Block Type 187

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