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Ludwik Czaja-Introduction to Distributed Computer Systems.

Ludwik Czaja-Introduction to Distributed Computer Systems. Principles and Features- 分布式系统导论
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Distributed Systems: Concepts and Design (5th Edition)

Book Description ISBN-10: 0132143011 | ISBN-13: 978-0132143011 | Publication Date: May 7, 2011 | Edition: 5 Broad and up-to-date coverage of the principles and practice in the fast moving area of Distributed Systems. Distributed Systems provides students of computer science and engineering with the skills they will need to design and maintain software for distributed applications. It will also be invaluable to software engineers and systems designers wishing to understand new and future developments in the field. From mobile phones to the Internet, our lives depend increasingly on distributed systems linking computers and other devices together in a seamless and transparent way. The fifth edition of this best-selling text continues to provide a comprehensive source of material on the principles and practice of distributed computer systems and the exciting new developments based on them, using a wealth of modern case studies to illustrate their design and development. The depth of coverage will enable readers to evaluate existing distributed systems and design new ones.

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eBook:《分布式系统概念与设计》(Distributed Systems: Concepts and Design)(中文第三版 PDG)

『下载说明』 这里提供的是《分布式系统概念与设计》(Distributed Systems: Concepts and Design)一书中文第三版的PDG格式电子书下载,清晰度很好。 【内容简介】   本书旨在提供深入的分布式系统设计原理和实践方面的知识,读者通过学习可以掌握评价已有系统或设计新系统的方法。书中结合分布式系统技术主要的新进展,重点介绍了因特网、企业内部网、Web和中间件,还包括故障建模和容错、分布式对象和分布式多媒体系统。本书非常强调算法,并结合其他相关技术讨论了安全问题。   本书内容详实、覆盖面广且循序渐进,适合作为大中专院校计算机系高年级本科生及研究生的教科书和教学参考书,同时也可以作为计算机软件行业技术人员的参考书。   在分布式系统领域,我不知道还有没有更好的书,但我毫不犹豫地推荐这本书。                                ——Jan Madey               《IEEE Parallel and Distributed Technology》杂志 “介绍分布式系统的最好教科书。”                  ——E.Douglas Jensen                 Mitre公司首席科学家,世界分布式实时系统权威   本书旨在提供深入的分布式系统设计原理和实践方面的知识,读者通过学习可以掌握评价已有系统或设计新系统的方法。书中的实例研究阐述了每个主要论题的设计概念。   本书已被爱丁堡大学、伊利诺依大学、卡内基—梅隆大学、南加州大学、得克萨斯A

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Introduction to Distributed Computer Systems-Springer(2018).pdf

In the most general meaning, a distributed computer system is identified with computer network. There are two problems with this identification. One concerns the word “computer”. Even the origins of such systems encompassed not only computers but also devices far from being computers, like missile launchers and other military objects (a brief historical outline is in Chap. 2). Let alone today’s networks that connect things of professional and everyday usage: one can hardly say that the so-called intelligent refrigerator is a computer. The other problem concerns the word “distributed”. The main feature of such architectures is lack of shared physical memory, where processors intercommunicate by message passing through data links (channels) of arbitrary length and bandwidth. So, in this meaning, a motherboard of transputers (Sect. 5.3 in Chap. 5), processors interacting by data packet exchange inside one machine, all are distributed systems too. But on the other hand, a computer surrounded by simple terminals for data input and output, multi-access computer or workstations with direct access to memory of a mainframe, are systems categorized as not distributed in the aforesaid meaning, though distributed in the common parlance, because separated spatially. Nonetheless, the distinguishing characteristic of distributed computer systems as the research and engineering domain, is inter-computer communication by message passing based on networks. However, the design, technical solutions, and appli- cation of distributed systems and general (“generic”) networks, are not identical. The conceptual difference lies in their destination. A distributed system is being often constructed as a computation environment for specific class of applications, for a company of certain activity profile, for a corporation or education center, whereas a network is a universal tool for data transmission not limited to particular applications. Thus, the constructional difference consists in software: in (dis- tributed) operating system and programs on top of it—compilers of programming languages and diverse applications. But dividing functions of a system into hard- ware and software is not constitutive from the information processing point of view. For distributed systems, hardware and software of a network constitute a com- munication infrastructure. So, presentation of their principles takes into account some issues of network technology, because design and implementation of xv xvi Introduction distributed systems exploits solutions elaborated there. The principles concern, for instance, physical and logical time, coordination of processes (synchronization in particular), communication, exception handling, fault tolerance, and security of system’s behavior. More specific are distributed transactions, scheduling joint actions of computers, remote procedure call and simulation of distributed shared memory, giving the user impression of having direct access to huge memory space. Presentation of these issues, limited to principles, in order not to overshadow them with technical details, is contained in successive chapters. The details change as the research and technology develops, the principles remain longer. Therefore, great many dedicated distributed systems and several of general usage, are not discussed here. Their presentation would exceed capacity of any book, a few of such projects are mentioned only in Chap. 2. Emphasis in this book is on objectives of distributed systems. The objectives determine properties. As the most important is regarded transparency, that is, hiding the joint usage of resources by multiple users—making every user imagine to be exclusive one. He/she is to be unaware how and where the resources and mechanisms of their usage are located: in hardware, operating system kernels, application libraries, compilers, or runtime systems of programming lan- guages. From the principles point of view, this is immaterial. In existent distributed systems, the transparency has been accomplished only to a certain degree, as the problem of balance of user’s convenience against system’s efficiency becomes of prime importance. However, along with the development of communication infrastructure and increase of large data sets’ transmission rate, attainment of full transparency seems realistic. To keep up with the progress in materializing such ideas, a look through professional writings is indispensable. Their short selection, quoted in the following chapters, is in the Bibliography. A presentation of the wide subject matter in a small book requires making decision regarding its content. Apart from some issues belonging to the mainstream of network technology and distributed systems outlined here, such topics like construction of distributed operating systems (including resource naming and mapping names onto addresses) and security of communication (cryptography in particular), are beyond this book. They are broad and individual research and technology branches, enjoying rich and easily available literature. Chapter 9, however, contains a fairly well-known pattern-protocol “in action” (expressed by a cause/effect structure diagram; the calculus of cause/effect structures is outlined in Chap. 10) as a sequence of states which the protocol passes during execution. This is the so-called alternating bit protocol, which reveals basic features of a certain category of protocols (its enhanced versions like “sliding window”, “abracadabra”, became a basis for some existent protocols design). The book is inspired by a 30-h lecture course on distributed computer systems, given on the elementary level by the author. It is a handbook, although containing some monographic elements not published elsewhere, like a protocol described in Sect. 4.4, formal proofs of some important facts and a method of presentation of algorithms in action: as sequences of states. Experience shows that students, especially not professional programmers, easier assimilate essence of algorithmic constructs presented in action rather than in the form of static descriptions as Introduction xvii programs. Hence, the method of presenting: a short explanation of a construct is followed by a sequence of states it passes. If these states are regarded as animated film frames, then projection of the film illustrates process of execution of the construct. In accordance with such metaphor, description of a construct (a program) is a screenplay, while the process—realization of this screenplay on the film tape. Furthermore, using computer for the animated show of the process gives rise to see it as a live scenery in a slow motion. Understanding of the following chapters does not require advanced knowledge in informatics. Sufficient will be familiarity with topics provided in an introductory course to computer science accompanied by laboratory exercises, and to algorithms and data structures. The participants acquire there a certain skill in design and analysis of algorithms, to write them as programs and run on the computer. Beneficial will also be some knowledge in foundations of operating systems and computer networks, where pretty much time is devoted to standard communication protocols, being omitted here as technical realization of principles. Of great importance is experience in a laboratory teamwork—a practical contact with a kind of distributed system. However, a certain problem may be noticed. Despite having acquired these foundations, the students of computer science or engineering, who begin programming in a high-level language, often exhibit ignorance in knowledge of structure and activity of a processor on the level of internal machine language, what is the instruction execution cycle in particular. Yet, many functions of dis- tributed system are found in ordinary, stand-alone machine, especially with mul- tiprogram operating system. For instance, communication mechanisms in networks play a part similar to input/output channels (serviced by protocols too), manage- ment of concurrent transactions requires actions similar to synchronizing processes in a sequential multiprogrammed machine, etc. That is why, the first chapter con- tains an outline of sequential machines activity with internal control, where many mechanisms have counterparts, though significantly more sophisticated, in network systems. The activity of a machine model (also multiprogrammed) with a short set of typical instructions, as well as a collection of such machines interconnected by communication channels, has been demonstrated by means of abovementioned “film method”. This visual demonstration should clearly explain principle of sequential processor’s activity. In Chap. 1, the reader will also find example of a synchronous vector machine “in action”. The presented material is, as usually based on the principle of von Neumann’s stored program sequential machines. A few sentences about other principles of information processing, though not yet mate- rialized in architectures for the public use, are in the final remarks of the book. The question of mathematical description of phenomena appearing in distributed systems remains. Excessive formalization has been avoided, yet clear presentation of some issues demanded a formal notation, especially in a few proofs of properties. To such issues belong, for instance, time (physical and logical), correctness of some algorithms of distributed mutual exclusion, chances of system failure, unattainable simultaneity of certain actions, definition of distributed memory consistency models and its consequences. Therefore, to express some concepts, facts and proofs, mathematical language has been used, though in a very modest extent: operations xviii Introduction on sets and relations, partial and linear order, functions, sequences and series, probability, elementary propositional and predicate calculus. Some of them are outlined in Chap. 10. Such topics are familiar to everybody who attended intro- ductory course at mathematical or engineering studies.

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Designing Distributed Systems(Early Release) 无水印pdf

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控制学科的一本经典的教程,基本上涵盖了控制理论所有方法,适应于本科生研究生对非线性控制的学习。

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Designing Distributed Systems(设计分布式系统).epub

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