TITLE: Investigation of In-Band OSNR Monitoring Technique Using Power Ratio
Abstract—We propose and demonstrate an in-band optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) monitoring technique using the output po
wer ratio (PR) of the nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) theoretically and experimentally. Operation point (OP) is investigated to be the input average power which corresponds to the ﬁrst maximum of the power ratio curve. The monitoring performances using PR are proved to be better than those just using one output port of NOLM for on-off keying (OOK) and differential phase-shift-keying (DPSK) signals with different duty cycles: non-return-to-zero (NRZ), carrier-suppressed return-to zero (CSRZ), return-to-zero (RZ) with 50% and 33% duty cycle (RZ 50 and RZ 33) at 40 Gb/s. For 80 Gb/s RZ-differential
quadrature phase-shift keying (DQPSK) signal, we obtained 12.16 dB maximum power variation and 13–39.8 dB monitoring range experimentally.