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人月神话pdf

2013-06-13 上传大小:2.54MB
人月神话,FREDERICK P. BROOKS, JR 目录(Contents) 二十周年纪念版序言(PREFACE TO THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION) ...................... I 第一版序言(PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION) ............................................................ III 目录(CONTENTS)..................................................................................................................... V 焦油坑(THE TAR PIT) ..............................................................................................................1 编程系统产品...............................................................................................................................1 职业的乐趣...................................................................................................................................3 职业的苦恼...................................................................................................................................4 人月神话(THE MYTHICAL MAN-MONTH)...........................................................................6 乐观主义.......................................................................................................................................7 人月...............................................................................................................................................8 系统测试.....................................................................................................................................10 空泛的估算................................................................................................................................. 11 重复产生的进度灾难.................................................................................................................12 外科手术队伍(THE SURGICAL TEAM) ...............................................................................16 问题.............................................................................................................................................16 MILLS 的建议 .............................................................................................................................17 如何运作.....................................................................................................................................20 团队的扩建.................................................................................................................................21 贵族专制、民主政治和系统设计(ARISTOCRACY, DEMOCRACY, AND SYSTEM DESIGN) ........................................................................................................................................................22 概念一致性.................................................................................................................................22 获得概念的完整性.....................................................................................................................23 贵族专制统治和民主政治.........................................................................................................24 在等待时,实现人员应该做什么?.........................................................................................26 画蛇添足(THE SECOND-SYSTEM EFFECT)......................................................................29 结构师的交互准则和机制.........................................................................................................29 自律——开发第二个系统所带来的后果.................................................................................30 贯彻执行(PASSING THE WORD) ..........................................................................................33 文档化的规格说明——手册.....................................................................................................33 形式化定义.................................................................................................................................34 直接整合.....................................................................................................................................36 会议和大会.................................................................................................................................36 多重实现.....................................................................................................................................38 - v - 电话日志.....................................................................................................................................38 产品测试.....................................................................................................................................38 为什么巴比伦塔会失败?(WHY DID THE TOWER OF BABEL FAIL?) ...........................40 巴比伦塔的管理教训.................................................................................................................41 大型编程项目中的交流.............................................................................................................41 项目工作手册.............................................................................................................................42 大型编程项目的组织架构.........................................................................................................44 胸有成竹(CALLING THE SHOT) ..........................................................................................49 PORTMAN 的数据........................................................................................................................50 ARON 的数据 ..............................................................................................................................51 HARR 的数据 ..............................................................................................................................51 OS/360 的数据 ...........................................................................................................................53 CORBATO 的数据 ........................................................................................................................53 削足适履(TEN POUNDS IN A FIVE-POUND SACK)..........................................................55 作为成本的程序空间.................................................................................................................55 规模控制.....................................................................................................................................56 空间技能.....................................................................................................................................57 数据的表现形式是编程的根本.................................................................................................58 提纲挈领(THE DOCUMENTARY HYPOTHESIS) ...............................................................60 计算机产品的文档.....................................................................................................................60 大学科系的文档.........................................................................................................................62 软件项目的文档.........................................................................................................................62 为什么要有正式的文档?.........................................................................................................63 未雨绸缪(PLAN TO THROW ONE AWAY)............................................................................64 试验性工厂和增大规模.............................................................................................................64 唯一不变的就是变化本身.........................................................................................................65 为变更计划系统.........................................................................................................................66 为变更计划组织架构.................................................................................................................66 前进两步,后退一步.................................................................................................................68 前进一步,后退一步.................................................................................................................69 干将莫邪(SHARP TOOLS) ......................................................................................................71 目标机器.....................................................................................................................................72 辅助机器和数据服务.................................................................................................................73 高级语言和交互式编程.............................................................................................................76 整体部分(THE WHOLE AND THE PARTS)..........................................................................78 剔除 BUG 的设计 ........................................................................................................................78 构件单元调试.............................................................................................................................80 - vi - 系统集成调试.............................................................................................................................82 祸起萧墙(HATCHING A CATASTROPHE) ...........................................................................85 里程碑还是沉重的负担?.........................................................................................................85 “其他的部分反正会落后”.....................................................................................................86 地毯的下面.................................................................................................................................87 另外一面(THE OTHER FACE) ..............................................................................................92 需要什么样的文档.....................................................................................................................93 流程图.........................................................................................................................................95 自文档化(SELF-DOCUMENTING)的程序................................................................................96 没有银弹-软件工程中的根本和次要问题(NO SILVER BULLET – ESSENCE AND ACCIDENT IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING) .....................................................................102 摘要 1 ........................................................................................................................................102 介绍...........................................................................................................................................103 是否一定那么困难呢?——根本困难...................................................................................103 以往解决次要困难的一些突破...............................................................................................106 银弹的希望...............................................................................................................................108 针对概念上根本问题的颇具前途的方法............................................................................... 113 NO ......................................................................................................................................... 118 再论《没有银弹》 (“NO SILVER BULLET”REFIRED)..................................................120 人狼和其他恐怖传说...............................................................................................................120 存在着银弹-就在这里!.......................................................................................................121 含糊的表达将会导致误解.......................................................................................................121 HAREL 的分析 ..........................................................................................................................124 JONE 的观点——质量带来生产率..........................................................................................127 那么,生产率的情形如何?...................................................................................................128 面向对象编程——这颗铜质子弹可以吗?...........................................................................129 重用的情况怎样?...................................................................................................................130 学习大量的词汇——对软件重用的一个可预见,但还没有被预言的问题 .......................132 子弹的本质——形势没有发生改变.......................................................................................133 《人月神话》的观点:是或非?(PROPOSITIONS OF THE MYTHICAL MAN-MONTH: TRUE OR FALSE?) ................................................................................................................134 第 1 章 焦油坑 .........................................................................................................................134 第 2 章 人月神话 .....................................................................................................................135 第 3 章 外科手术队伍 .............................................................................................................136 第 4 章 贵族专制、民主政治和系统设计 .............................................................................137 第 5 章 画蛇添足 .....................................................................................................................137 第 6 章 贯彻执行 .....................................................................................................................138 第 7 章 为什么巴比伦塔会失败? .........................................................................................139 第 8 章 胸有成竹 .....................................................................................................................141 - vii - 第 9 章 削足适履 .....................................................................................................................141 第 10 章 提纲挈领 ...................................................................................................................143 第 11 章 未雨绸缪 ...................................................................................................................143 第 12 章 干将莫邪 ...................................................................................................................146 第 13 章 整体部分 ...................................................................................................................148 第 14 章 祸起萧墙 ...................................................................................................................149 第 15 章 另外一面 ...................................................................................................................150 原著结束语...............................................................................................................................152 20 年后的人月神话(THE MYTHICAL MAN-MONTH AFTER 20 YEARS) .................153 为什么会出现二十周年纪念版本?.......................................................................................153 核心观点:概念完整性和结构师...........................................................................................154 开发第二个系统所引起的后果:盲目的功能和频率猜测 ...................................................156 图形(WIMP)界面的成功....................................................................................................157 没有构建舍弃原型——瀑布模型是错误的! .......................................................................160 增量开发模型更佳——渐进地精化.......................................................................................162 关于信息隐藏,P ARNAS 是正确的,我是错误的 .................................................................165 人月到底有多少神话色彩?BOEHM 的模型和数据 ..............................................................167 人就是一切(或者说,几乎是一切)...................................................................................168 放弃权力的力量.......................................................................................................................169 最令人惊讶的新事物是什么?数百万的计算机 ...................................................................171 全新的软件产业——塑料薄膜包装的成品软件 ...................................................................173 买来开发——使用塑料包装的成品软件包作为构件 ...........................................................174 软件工程的状态和未来...........................................................................................................176 结束语:令人向往、激动人心和充满乐趣的五十年(EPILOGUE FIFTY YEARS OF WONDER, EXCITEMENT, AND JOY) ......................................................................................................178 注解和参考文献(NOTES AND REFERENCES) .................................................................180 第 1 章.......................................................................................................................................180 第 2 章.......................................................................................................................................180 第 3 章.......................................................................................................................................180 第 4 章.......................................................................................................................................181 第 5 章.......................................................................................................................................181 第 6 章.......................................................................................................................................182 第 7 章.......................................................................................................................................182 第 8 章.......................................................................................................................................182 第 9 章.......................................................................................................................................183 第 10 章.....................................................................................................................................183 第 11 章.....................................................................................................................................184 第 12 章.....................................................................................................................................184 第 13 章.....................................................................................................................................185 第 14 章.....................................................................................................................................186 第 15 章.....................................................................................................................................187 第 16 章.....................................................................................................................................187 - viii - 第 17 章.....................................................................................................................................188 第 18 章.....................................................................................................................................190 第 19 章.....................................................................................................................................190 索引(INDEX)..........................................................................................................................193...展开收缩
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评论共有5条

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lzs8128197472014-10-31 11:06:25
英文版的,不怎么看得懂
name
quangor2014-10-10 16:39:52
好书一本,超级好
name
adyw25658762014-08-04 19:07:25
书很好,但是是英文版的,看着进度有点慢
name
cansear2014-07-15 11:51:49
这是本好书啊,谢谢分享
name
wy_fish2014-05-26 16:51:15
还可以,较清晰
name
huangcailian2014-02-24 08:48:05
书还不错 学习使用

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